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Anatomy Semester Exam
Semester Exam Review
the moveable attachment of muscle to bone or other connective tissue is referred to as the...
a muscle whose contraction is chiefly responsible for producing a particular movement is called...
the stationary, immovable or less moveable attachment of a muscle is the
name all the muscles of the hamstring group
bicep femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
what are the three main functions of the nervous system
1) Receive sensory input
2) integrate the input
3) respond to internal/external input
what structures comprise the CNS?
spinal chord, brain
Sensory and motor neurons are collectively called the
what are the four main parts of a neuron
the site of contact between a synaptic terminal of a neuron and a target, such as another neuron, a muscle cell, or a gland is called a...
what are interneurons?
nerve cells found entirely within the CNS that acts as a link between sensory neurons
Supporting cells are called..
what cells form the insulating sheaths around axons and where are these cells found
the myelin sheaths are made of mostly lipids and are found wherever nerves are found
the "motor division" of the PNS is divided into two functional divisions called the ...
Sensory and Motor nervous system
the somatic nervous system carries signals to
what are the spinal meninges
membranes covering the brain and spinal chord
what are the three meningeal layers
what are reflexes
rapid, predictable, involuntary responses to stimuli
the meningal layer that adheres to the surface contour of the brain, extending into every fold and curve, is the
the region of the brain responsible for balance is the
the major region of the brain responsible for conscious thought processes, sensation and memory
the ventricles of the brain are filled with
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
the primary link between the nervous and endocrine system is the
what is the protective covering of the brain
what area of the brain is considered white matter
what are four sections to the brain stem
medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain, diencephalon
what are the four lobes of the brain
frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital
name the five senses
sight, hear, touch, smell, taste
what are the six sensory receptors
What does the chemoreceptor detect?
chemical stimulation in the environment
what does the nicireceptor detect ?
what does the thermoreceptor detect?
what does the electromagneticreceptor detect?
what does the mechanoreceptor detect
what does the photoreceptor detect
what are taste buds?
clusters of receptors found on the tounge
what are the four primary tastes
what are the three layers of the eye
what are the three regions of the ear
list and describe the three common hearing impairments
1) conductive hearing loss - inability of the outer ear to pass sound vibrations into the cochlea
2) neural hearing loss - defect of inner ear
what are the types of touch receptors and what do they detect
Encapsulated - light touch
touch receptors - detect vibrations
dark purple - brain stem
light purple - medulla
yellow - cerebellum
lime green - temporal lobe
pink - occipital lobe
light orange - parietal lobe
light blue - frontal lobe
pink suture - calcarine suture
red suture - central suture
blue suture - parieto - occipital suture
light purple - precentral gyrus
orange - postcentral gyrus