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2011-05-17 15:55:30

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  1. Ritual and Theater
    • concerned with "things done"
    • empahsis on the concrete
    • deal with social relationships
  2. Theater
    confines itself to showing and saying things about social needs
  3. ritual
    reinforces or brings about change
  4. Theater of Dionysus
    • most celebrated of 5th century athens
    • built in honor of the fertility god
    • open air structure located on slope of hill below Acropolis
  5. orchestra
    dancing circle
  6. skene
    scene builiding
  7. Parodoi
    passageways used by acotrs, the chorus and the audience
  8. Aeschylus
    Prometheus Bound, Agamennon, The Eumenidies
  9. Greek Playwrights
    • Sophocles
    • euripides
    • aristiohanes
    • aeschylus
  10. Medieval Theater
    began in churches performed by priests to teach christian doctrine and and encourage good moral behavior
  11. Fixed Stages
    permanent structures
  12. Movable stages
    portable staging
  13. "The Theater"
    • built by James Burbage
    • was known as London's first theater
    • open air structure
  14. Globe Theater
    • built by Richard Burbage
    • showcase for Shakespeares talents as actor and playwright
    • most famous of all Elizabethan theaters
  15. William Shakespeare
    • Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth, Othello
    • Elizabethan Theater
  16. Proscenium Theater
    • framing
    • arch
    • masking the inner workings
  17. Chinese theater
    • classic theater
    • the new drama "kunqu"
    • the opera or Jingxi
  18. Classic theater
    • zaju
    • stories from history, legends, epics and contemporary events
  19. New Drama
  20. The opera
    • Jingxi
    • rigidly controlled conventions of acting, dancing, singing
  21. Beijing Opera
    the heart of the beijing opera is the actor
  22. Japanese theater
    • Noh Theater
    • Kabuki
    • Bunraku Puppet theater
  23. Noh Theater
    highly stylized, restrained, and austere form of artisitc expression that depends on music and mime
  24. Noh
  25. Noh Stage
    • situated int eh corner of a builiding
    • divided into two areas:
    • butai- stage proper
    • hashigakari- the bridge
  26. Noh Actors
    • controlled by tradition
    • shite (doer role)- principal actor
    • waki (secondary character)- sideman
  27. Kabuki theater
    described as rock entertainment
  28. Kabuki Stage
    • covers entire front of the theater
    • hanamichi- ramp known as "flower way"
    • combination of old and new procenium thrust stages
  29. Kabuki Actors
    • trained from childhood in singing, dancing, acting
    • roles are divided into brave and loyal men, villians, comics, children, and women
  30. onnagata
    males who play women roles
  31. Bunraku Puppet Theater
    • doll puppet theater
    • performed on a small procenium stage that is divided into three levels
  32. Bunraku Characters
    • Omo zukai- cheif puppeteer
    • hidari zukai- second puppeteer
    • ashi zukai- the third puppeteer
  33. Environmental theater
    • jerzy grotowski
    • rejects conventional seating and includes audiences as part of the performance
  34. Jerzy Grotowski
    • founder and director of the Polish Laboratory Theater
    • essentials: the actor and the audience
    • "Akropolis", "Hamlet", "The Constant Prince"
    • plays based on world myth and biblical myths
  35. Akropolis
    by Stanislaw Wyspianski
  36. The Living Theater
    encouraged a nonviolent revolution to overhaul society and created a performance style to confront society
  37. Julian Beck and Judith malina
    • the living theater
    • wanted to increase conscious awareness and to stress the sacredness of life
    • political theater
    • "The Connection"
    • "The Brig"
  38. The Living theater on tour
    caused controversy and debate over the nature of theater and the role of art in society
  39. Theatre Du Soleil
    • founded in paris by Ariane Mnouchkine
    • modeled itself on an egalitarian commune
  40. Ariane Mnouchkine
    • Her
    • Founded theater of the sun
    • -numerous traditions
    • -"les atrites"
    • performed a midsummer nights dream and the kitchen
  41. Peter Schumann
    • founded the bread and Pupper theater in New York City
    • believed that the theater should be as basic as bread
    • puppets and bread
  42. The Free Southern Theater
    • grew out of civil rights movement to address issues of freedom, justice, equality and voting rights
    • John O'Neal, Gilbert Moses, and Doris Derby
  43. Playwright
    play builder
  44. Catharsis
    a purging of strong emotions
  45. Bertlot Brecht
    • wanted to "distance" Audiences so they would make judgements about social and economic issues of the play
    • Alienation effect
    • The Caucasion Chalk circle
  46. Edward Albee
    wrote "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolfe"
  47. playwrights who also direct their own works
    Bertolt Brecht, Samuel Beckett, Edward Albee, Maria Irene Fornes, or David Mamet
  48. Sam Shepard
    true west and buried child
  49. Conflict
    clashing of personal, moral, and social forces
  50. performability
    key to success of the playwroght's story and dialogue
  51. Playwrights "Bag of tools"
    the "soul of the drama"
  52. Plot and Character
    playwrights means of conveying the confusion and mystery of life language is third essential tool
  53. David Mamet
    Glengarry Glen Ross and Oleanna
  54. Tennesse Williams
    • The Glass Menagerie
    • Cat on a Hot tin Roof
  55. August Wilson
    • Playwright
    • fences
    • Joe Turner's Come and Gone
  56. Aruthur Miller
    • the Crucible
    • A view from the bridge
    • all my sons
  57. Lorraine Hansberry
    A raisin in the sun
  58. Postmodern Texts
    • a moevment in the reaction against the "modern"
    • often called for doubling
  59. doubling
    the placing of contradictory experiences within the same frame of reference
  60. Original Imgae
    the photograph
  61. Reframing
    of human experiences celebrates the fragmentation of experience
  62. Heiner Muller
    • German Playwright
    • Hamletmachine
  63. Assemblages
    texts are often called assemblages or collages
  64. Robert Wilson
    • Satrter of Post-Modernism
    • saw Byrd Hoffman as a child for his stutter
    • wanted to make non verbal plays
    • The Life and time of Joseph Stalin
    • Einstein on the Beach
    • The life and time of sigmund freud
    • A letter for queen victoria
  65. Visual Book
    visual book opposed to audio book
  66. Conventions
    to convey experience and activity to audiences
  67. Stage Directions
    are included in the beginning of each act to provide information about the playwrights images
  68. Tennesse Williams
    A street car named desire
  69. Exposition
    • what is going on, what has happened in the past and who is to be seen
    • ex. Euripides "The Trojan Woman"
    • classical exposition--greek plays
  70. Modern Exposition
    for instance begins with the phone ringing and gives the plays background information by talking to an unseen party about the family, its plans and its conflicts
  71. Plays begin with..
    information exchanges of dialouge to establish who, what, when and where
  72. Point of Attack
    • the moment early in the play when the story is taken up
    • the inciting incident
  73. Complication, Crisis, and Climax
    • complications- middle of the play where new information or unexpected events occur
    • crisis- develops from complications, makes the resolution of the conflict inevitable
    • climax- the conflict is resolved
  74. Resolutions
    restores balance and satisfies the audience's expectations
  75. Simultaneous or double plots
    • relate past and present events and behavior
    • used by elizabethans to represent life's variety and complexity
    • two stories are told concurrently
  76. Actual time
    amount of time it takes for us to see the play
  77. Dramatic time
    • phenomenon of the playwrights text
    • can be accelerated and interrupted
  78. simile
    • compares two things using like or as
    • literal comparison
  79. metaphor
    make connections between unlike things
  80. play with in the play
    • used by bertlolt brecht, luigi pirandello, peter weiss, tom stoppard, and michael frayn
    • Hamelt--> "The Mouse Trap"
    • influenced luigi pirandellos "theater triology"
  81. Luigi Pirandello
    • took up writing to support his family
    • nobel prize for literature
    • life itself is a "sad piece of buffoonery"
    • "six Characters in Search of an Author"
  82. George Steiner
    "Drama is language under such high pressure of feelings the words carry a necessary and immediate connotation of gesture
  83. Drama expresses...
    characters thoughts, attitudes, and intentions but also the active prescence of human beings in a living world
  84. In theater language is...
    selected and controlled
  85. Communication theory
    a sign has a direct relationship to the thing it represents
  86. symbols
    differ from signs in that they have an arbitrary connection to their referents
  87. Monologue
    characters extended, uniterrupted speech to others on stage
  88. Aside
    a breif remark by a character spoken directly to the audience
  89. soliloquy
    • a long speech delivered by a character presented directly to the audience
    • way to take the audience directly into the characters mind to over hear unspoken thoughts
  90. Anton Checkov
    • Moscow Art Theater
    • "The Cherry Orchard"
  91. In Checkhov's plays
    what people do more frequently is more important than what they say
  92. Gest or Gestic Language
    a matter of actor's overall attitude toward what is going on around them and what they are asked to do within the circumstances of the text
  93. The Caucasian Chalk circle
    • Bertlolt Brecht
    • uses music and song as well as dialogue to communicate his characters thoughts and feelings
  94. Antonin Artaud
    • French platwright
    • theater theorist
    • opposed traditional dialogue that furthers plot, reveals character and explores psychological and social problems
    • enjoyed shocking the audience
    • "Theater of Cruelty"
  95. Wordsmiths
    • David Mamet
    • invent lies, sell reassurances, tell stories, and command experience through word alone
  96. Magical Realism
    • Sam Shepard
    • take audiences into the inner workings of the modern American family
  97. Appia and Craig
    built theoretical foundations of modern experience of modern expressionistic theatrical practice
  98. MIng Cho Lee and John Lee Beatty
    • John studied with Ming Cho
    • design scenery and point of view
  99. Costumes
    all garments and accessories
  100. Costumes tell us about a character...
    the nature, the mood and the style of the play
  101. Makeup
    • enhances the actor and completes the costume
    • is classified as straight and character
    • straight- highlights actors features
    • character- transforms actors features
  102. Seeing Spaces
    What greeks called their theaters
  103. Stage lighting
    a powerful theatrical tool to focus an audiences attention, enhance understanding and give aesthetic pleasure
  104. Jennifer Tipton
    lighting designer
  105. rule of lighting
    visibility and ambience must be inherent to the total theatrical design, including scenery and costumes
  106. Lighting Designer
    • Jules Fisher
    • Peggy Eisenhauer
    • Tharon Musser
  107. Gobos
    a slide inserted into the gate of a spotlight
  108. eipc plays
    take place over a few year
  109. climatic plays
    • take place over a few days
    • cause and effect arrangement
  110. Episodic Structure
    • medieval and modern plays
    • trace characters through a journey
  111. situational structure
    • situation is more important than plot
    • "waiting for godot"
  112. Monodrama
    play where there is only one person speaking
  113. Thespis
    First actor
  114. saters
    followers of dionysus
  115. 2 types of medieval plays
    • msytery and morality
    • msytery--> based on Jesus Christ
    • morality--> based on being a good human being
    • - typically has an angel and devil character
  116. Thrust Stage
    a proscenium stage that is built into the audience
  117. Slyvia
    • Of the Forest
    • slyvia is holy fair and wise and everyone falls in love with her
  118. Swayne
    Someone who is love sick
  119. Richard Sheckner
    • "The Living Theater"
    • tried to recapture realness