# research methods

 The flashcards below were created by user nix521 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. 1. “Hypotheses must be…” a. Testable-if a hypothesis does not generate any observational tests, there is nothing that ascientist can do with it-you must be able to test it by conducting some sort of experiment. b. Falsifiable- A hypothesis must be able to proven wrong, cannot be a definite yes/no or correct/falsec. Precise-Must be exactd. Rational-It has to make sense and be logical. e. Parsimonious-It must be simple and understandable What are the 3 sources of hypotheses? -own observation-theories -models What are the 6 steps of hypothesis testing? 1. Form hypothesis from theory, model, or observations2. Design study to test hypothesis 3. Derive predictions4. Conduct study and test predictions5. Confirm or revise hypothesis depending on observations6. Modify theoretical concepts What is the Watson Selection test? -Developed as a tst of logical reasoning-Used by psychologists to study structure of human reasoning -1966-A logic puzzle formally equivalent to a question that ass about four cards with numbers/colors-A response which identifies a card which need not be inverted, or a response which fails to identify a card which needs to be inverted are both wrong-The original task dealt with numbers (even/odd) and letters (vowels,constants) What is conditional reasoning? Based on and 'if A then B' construct that points B to be true if A is trueConditional trapsLeaves open the question if A is falseDenying antecedent (making assumptions about what happens if A is false: If it is training, I will get wet, and it is not raining, but then something else could happen)Denying consequent - if B is false, then A must also be falseAffirming consequent - A and B are both true. What are the 2 ways to properly test a conditioning statement? What are the order effects? The order in which the subject is placed in an experiment affects the dataexamplesFatigue - subjects become upset, tired, and frustrated if kept for a long timePractice -subjects become accustomed to conditions and perform well as a result, skewing results What pactorial design Authornix521 ID86402 Card Setresearch methods Descriptionexam 2 Updated2011-05-17T21:13:54Z Show Answers