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  1. Mythology
    stories that represent the deepest wishes and fears of human beings. Old myths were passed on orally from generation to generation.
  2. Purposes of Mythology
    • explain the creation of the world
    • explain natural phenomenons
    • give story form to ancient religions
    • to teach moral lesson
    • explain history
    • express the deepest fears and hopes of the human raice
  3. origin myths
    explain how something came to be
  4. anecdote-
    a brief story told to make a point
  5. moral-
    lesson about the right way to behave
  6. irony-
    difference between what you say and what you mean or between what’s supposed to happen and what actually happens
  7. folk tales-
    passed down by word or mouth
  8. motifs-
    features repeated on stories throughout the world
  9. metamorphosis-
    fantastic transformation or change from one shape or form to another
  10. taboo-
    a prohibition of something
  11. Bio-poem
    describes a person in 13 lines. There is a specific formula to use when writing a bio-poem.
  12. acrostic
    poetry in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word. The word is usually the subject of the poem.
  13. haiku
    an ancient Japanese form with no rhyme. Haiku often deal with nature. This type has three lines with a fixed number of syllables:

    • 5 syllables
    • 7 syllables
    • 5 syllables
  14. Tanka
    another Japanese form that depends on the number of lines and syllables instead of rhyme:

    • 5 syllables
    • 7 syllables
    • 5 syllables
    • 7 syllables
    • 7 syllables, rhymes with line 4
  15. Proverb
    shortest art form. They use devices associated with poetry-rhyme, rhythm, and metaphors. They provide vivid imagery to teach a moral lesson.
  16. Shape Poems
    poem that forms a visible picture on the page. The shape usually reflects the subject of the poem.
  17. Free Verse
    poetry without rules of form, rhyme, rhythm, or mete
  18. Narrative Poem
    tell stories and are usually long. Epics and ballads are narrative poems. They have a setting, characters, a conflict, climax, and resolution.
  19. Quatrains
    rhyming poems of four lines. Poets use letters to express the rhyme pattern or scheme. The four types of quatrain rhyme are: AABB, ABAB, ABBA, and ABCB.
  20. Sonnets
    poems of 14 lines that begin with three quatrain and end with a couplet. The couplet usually contains a surprise ending. William Shakespeare is one of the most famous sonnet writers in history.
  21. Rhythm
    musical quality produced by the repettion of stressed and unstressed syllables
  22. simile-
    a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as
  23. metaphor-
    compare 2 unlike things in which one thing becomes another
  24. personification-
    human qualities given to an animal or thing
  25. onomatopoeia-
    the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it
  26. meter-
    repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
  27. symbol-
    something that represents something else
  28. alliteration-
    the repetition of the same or very similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
  29. imagery-
    mental images; especially: the products of imagination (using words that appeal to the senses)
  30. Introduction-
    1st part of essay in which you will introduce the topic includes eye-catching sentence, thesis statement, background info, and topic sentences
  31. body paragraph-
    2nd part of essay in which you explain each of your topics mentioned in the introduction using supporting details
  32. conclusion-
    last part of your essay in which you summarize what your main point , leave message to reader, restate thesis statement
  33. essay-
    expression of your opinion on a certain topic
  34. setting-
    where and when does a story take place
  35. character-
    person or animal present in a novel, play, or movie
  36. conflict-
    a disagreement or conflict in a story
  37. climax-
    most intense, exciting, or important point of story
  38. resolution-
    when all knots are tied and the story ends
  39. complication-
    things that happen in the story that make it harder for the characters to get what they want
  40. point of view-
    perspective in which a story is told
  41. themes-
    what messages the author teaches you in the story ( lesson of life)
  42. genre-
    the category a novel falls into
  43. mood-
    how does the story make you feel
  44. tone-
    the emotion the author is writing the story in
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