Anatomy planes/cavities

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Author:
wrennywren
ID:
86451
Filename:
Anatomy planes/cavities
Updated:
2011-05-17 22:29:04
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planes cavities
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Description:
Planes/cavities module 1
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  1. Adrenal
    At, near or on the kidneys - Latin "ad" = to and "renalis" = of the kidneys.
  2. Axial plane


    AKA transverse - horizontal cut producing upper and lower portions. (yellow)
  3. Coronal


    AKA frontal - vertical cut producing front and back portions. (Green)
  4. Gland
    Organ that makes substances needed by the body and releases them through ducts or into the bloodstream.
  5. Median saggital line (part of Saggital plane)


    Vertical cut along mid-line of the body. (Purple)
  6. Mediastinum
    Located between the right and left pleura. It is near the median sagittal plane of the chest plane.

    It contains the esophagus, trachea, thymus, pericardial cavity and its contents, the great vessels of the heart, and thoracic lymph nodes. It is bound anteriorly by the sternum and posteriorly by the vertebral column.
  7. Pericardium
    Fluid filled sac surrounding the heart and the roots of the aorta and other large vessels - Greek "peri" = around and "kardia" = heart.
  8. Serous
    Pertaining to serum, a thin and watery like serum - Latin "serum" = watery fluid.
  9. Sigmoid
    S-shaped. Like Sigmoid colon
  10. Thymus
    A gland located behind the upper breastbone that serves as a site for T cell differentiation - Greek "thymos" = a warty excrescence.
  11. Dorsal cavity


    Cavity at back of body broken up into Cranial Cavity and Vertebral Canal
  12. Ventral Cavity
    Cavity at front of body consisting of Thoracic Cavity, Abdominal Cavity and Pelvic Cavity
  13. Thoracic cavity


    bound laterally by the ribs and the diaphragm inferiorly. It contains the mediastinum, pericardial, and pleural cavities.
  14. Pericardial cavity


    thin cavity surrounding the heart. It is the potential space between the two layers (visceral and parietal) of the serous pericardium. It contains fluid that facilitates the free movement of the heart.
  15. Pleural cavity


    thin cavity surrounding each of the lungs. It is the potential space between the two layers (visceral and parietal) of the pleura. It contains fluid that facilitates the free movement of the lungs.
  16. Abdominal Cavity


    large cavity found below the diaphragm. It contains the gastrointestinal tract, spleen, kidneys, and adrenal glands. It is bound superiorly by the diaphragm, laterally by the body wall, and inferiorly by the pelvic cavity.
  17. Pelvic Cavity


    small cavity found below the brim of the pelvis. It contains the urinary bladder, genitals, sigmoid colon, and rectum. It is bound superiorly by the abdominal cavity, posteriorly by the sacrum, and laterally by the pelvis.

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