Sociology: Unit 4 (family)

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alipeace11
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86469
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Sociology: Unit 4 (family)
Updated:
2011-06-05 10:16:06
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sociology
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sociology
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  1. polgyny
    one man w/ more than one wife
  2. polyandry
    one woman w/ more than one husband
  3. monogamy
    the marriage of one woman to one man
  4. patrilocal
    sons and wives and kids move in with or near son's parents
  5. matrilocal
    husband moves in with or near wife's family
  6. patrilineal
    method of determining kinship where descent is traced through father's line
  7. matriarchy
    mother has authority in family
  8. exogamy
    marriage restriction that requires person to marry outside immediate family, clan or villiage
  9. endogamy
    marriage restriction that requires person to marry within tribe, race, social class, religion, etc.
  10. What are the five reasons the nuclear family is better adapted to the conditions of the modern world?
    • gepgraphic mobility
    • social mobility
    • loss of family functions
    • advantages of small families (economic)
    • individualism
  11. Explain geographic mobility as it relates to the transformation of the family.
    jobs require people to move; it is easier to do so in a smaller family
  12. Explain social mobility as it relates to the transformation of the family.
    different family members may reach new social statuses which could break the bonds of common interests etc. between family
  13. Explain loss of family functions as it relates to the transformation of the family.
    people no longer have to rely on family support from kin with daycare centers welfare agencies etc.
  14. Explain advantages of small families as it relates to the transformation of the family.
    parents get no economic benefits from larger families
  15. Explain individualism as it relates to the transformation of the family.
    sulf-fufillment is a more important goal than family obligations
  16. What are five reasons people get married?
    • desire for companionship
    • love
    • desire for children
    • social pressure
    • more $ or other resources
  17. What is homogamy?
    refers to the pattern of individuals marrying those who have similar characteristics
  18. What are three reasons romantic love is so important?
    • transfer of loyalties
    • emotional support
    • incentive to marriage
  19. Explain transfer of loyalties as it pertains to the importance of romantic love.
    helps young couples to loosen bonds with family of orientation
  20. Explain emotional support as it pertains to the importance of romantic love.
    provides couple w/ support needed to face establishing new life on their own
  21. Explain incentive to marriage as it pertains to the importance of romantic love.
    w/o love, people may not have an incentive to marry
  22. What are the four functions of the family?
    • sexual regulation
    • socialization
    • economic & psychological support
    • provision of social status
  23. define sexual regulation
    controlling reproduction so it occurs within boundary of family
  24. define socialization
    teaching children the necessary skills to survive
  25. what does "provision of social status" include (4)?
    • ascribed statuses: race ethnicity
    • nationality
    • social classss
    • religious affiliation
  26. What are pro-parents?
    professional "parents" to raise children
  27. What are serial marriages?
    a pattern of successive temporary marriages
  28. the average couple seeking counseling to resolve relationship difficilties has been having problems for about ___ years.
    six
  29. One of the most critical episodes in a marriage is...
    birth of first child
  30. True or false? Gender problems are often the cause of maritial problems.
    false
  31. True or false? Marriage counceling is often unable to help couples with difficulties becasue there is little evidence as to the attributes of happy couples.
    true

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