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one man w/ more than one wife
one woman w/ more than one husband
the marriage of one woman to one man
sons and wives and kids move in with or near son's parents
husband moves in with or near wife's family
method of determining kinship where descent is traced through father's line
mother has authority in family
marriage restriction that requires person to marry outside immediate family, clan or villiage
marriage restriction that requires person to marry within tribe, race, social class, religion, etc.
What are the five reasons the nuclear family is better adapted to the conditions of the modern world?
- gepgraphic mobility
- social mobility
- loss of family functions
- advantages of small families (economic)
Explain geographic mobility as it relates to the transformation of the family.
jobs require people to move; it is easier to do so in a smaller family
Explain social mobility as it relates to the transformation of the family.
different family members may reach new social statuses which could break the bonds of common interests etc. between family
Explain loss of family functions as it relates to the transformation of the family.
people no longer have to rely on family support from kin with daycare centers welfare agencies etc.
Explain advantages of small families as it relates to the transformation of the family.
parents get no economic benefits from larger families
Explain individualism as it relates to the transformation of the family.
sulf-fufillment is a more important goal than family obligations
What are five reasons people get married?
- desire for companionship
- desire for children
- social pressure
- more $ or other resources
What is homogamy?
refers to the pattern of individuals marrying those who have similar characteristics
What are three reasons romantic love is so important?
- transfer of loyalties
- emotional support
- incentive to marriage
Explain transfer of loyalties as it pertains to the importance of romantic love.
helps young couples to loosen bonds with family of orientation
Explain emotional support as it pertains to the importance of romantic love.
provides couple w/ support needed to face establishing new life on their own
Explain incentive to marriage as it pertains to the importance of romantic love.
w/o love, people may not have an incentive to marry
What are the four functions of the family?
- sexual regulation
- economic & psychological support
- provision of social status
define sexual regulation
controlling reproduction so it occurs within boundary of family
teaching children the necessary skills to survive
what does "provision of social status" include (4)?
- ascribed statuses: race ethnicity
- social classss
- religious affiliation
What are pro-parents?
professional "parents" to raise children
What are serial marriages?
a pattern of successive temporary marriages
the average couple seeking counseling to resolve relationship difficilties has been having problems for about ___ years.
One of the most critical episodes in a marriage is...
birth of first child
True or false? Gender problems are often the cause of maritial problems.
True or false? Marriage counceling is often unable to help couples with difficulties becasue there is little evidence as to the attributes of happy couples.