French Grammar Review

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Author:
MoonRacer
ID:
86512
Filename:
French Grammar Review
Updated:
2011-05-28 14:24:09
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French 1B Grammar IOP DOP Past Present Future MoonRacer
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French Grammar Review
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  1. When do you use the present tense?
    When you are talking about what is happening right now
  2. What are the steps to conjugating a verb in the present tense?
    • 1. Drop ending
    • 2. Check out the subject pronoun
    • 3. Add new ending
  3. When do you use the future tense?
    When you talk in the future
  4. How do your form the futur proche?
    Cunjugated aller and an infinitive
  5. Translate: I am going to eat some salad after school.
    Je vais manger de la salade apres l'ecole
  6. Translate: We are going to play soccer at the stadium Monday.
    Nous allons jouer football a la stade lundi.
  7. Translate: My dad is going to work at the hospital with the doctor.
    Mon pere va travaille a l'hopital avec le medecine.
  8. Translate: I like my brother.
    J'aime mon frere.
  9. Translate: We are going to eat our grapefruit.
    Nous allons anger notre pomplemousse.
  10. Translate: You (informal) like their dogs.
    Tu aimes leurs cheins.
  11. What does a partitive article mean?
    To have part of something. I have some soup.
  12. de + le = _______
    du
  13. de + la = _______
    de la
  14. de + l’ = _______
    de l'
  15. de + les = _______
    des
  16. Use a partitive article: Ils veulent _______ salade.
    de la
  17. Use a partitive article: Elle prend _________ buerre.
    du
  18. Use a partitive article: Vous buvez _________ eau minérale.
    de l'
  19. Use a partitive article: Je prend _________ fruit.
    du
  20. Translate: I want some cheese.
    Je veux du fromage
  21. Translate: He drinks some soda.
    Il boit su soda
  22. Translate: We take some menus.
    Nous prenons des cartes.
  23. What happens to the partitive article if there is a “ne” and “pas” in the sentence?
    It is de no matter what. The only exception is if vowels touch, and you get d'.
  24. Use a partitive article: Ils ne veulent pas _______ salade.
    de
  25. Use a partitive article: Elle ne prend pas _________ buerre.
    de
  26. Use a partitive article: Vous ne buvez pas _________ eau minérale.
    d'
  27. Use a partitive article: Je ne prend pas _________ fruit.
    de
  28. What are the DOPs in English ? (2)
    • It
    • Them
  29. What are the DOPs in French? (4)
    • le
    • la
    • les
    • l'
  30. What word do you replace in this sentence? J’aime le canard.
    le canard
  31. What word do you replace in this sentence? Ils détèstent les chevals.
    les chevals
  32. What word do you replace in this sentence? Nous mangeons le bifteck.
    le bifteck
  33. Using DOP,replace this sentence. J’aime le canard.
    Je l'aime.
  34. Using DOP,replace this sentence. Ils détèstent les chevals.
    Ils les detestent
  35. Using DOP,replace this sentence. Nous mangeons le bifteck
    Nous le mangeons.
  36. What are the IOPs in French?
    • Lui
    • Leurs
  37. What little word in French lets you know that you should use an IOP and not a DOP?
    a
  38. List the 8 verbs that USUALLY take an IOP instead of a DOP.
    • repondre a
    • rendre visite a
    • telephoner a
    • montrer a
    • parler a
    • envoyer a
    • a
    • a
  39. What word do you replace in this sentence? Vous parlez à Madeleine.
    a Madeleine
  40. What word do you replace in this sentence? J’envoie deux lettre à Paul.
    a Paul
  41. What word do you replace in this sentence? Elles rendent visite à leurs cousins.
    a leurs cousins
  42. Using IOP,replace this sentence. Vous parlez à Madeleine.
    Vous lui parlez.
  43. Using IOP,replace this sentence. J’envoie deux lettre à Paul.
    Je lui envoie deux lettre
  44. Using IOP,replace this sentence. Elles rendent visite à leurs cousins.
    Elles leurs rendent visite
  45. How do I form the passé composé?
    • Subject + Helping Verb + Past Participle = Passé Composé(S + HV + PP = P.C.)
    • Subject + Verb 1 + Verb 2 = Passé Composé(S + V1 + V2 = P.C.)
  46. What are the past participles for all the verb endings?
    • -ER é
    • -IR i
    • -RE u
    • -EVOIR u
  47. List 8 irregular verbs you would use to write in the past and what their past participle is.
    • avoir-eu
    • vivre-vécu
    • être-été
    • ouvrir-ouvert
    • dire-dit
    • voir-vu
    • faire-fait
    • prendre-pris
  48. What happens to the formula if there is a “ne” and “pas” in the sentence?
    • *The “ne” and the “pas” HUG the helping verb!
    • EX: Je n’ai pas fini mon travail.
    • Ils n’ont pas attendu les filles.
  49. What happens when the formula is used as a question?
    • * The subject and helping verb are inverted. The hyphen is required!
    • EX: As-tu fini la leçon?
    • La fille a-t-elle copié son adresse?
    • * With est-ce que follow the same rules as sentences
  50. What happens when you have a negative sentence in the formula?
    • *The “ne” and “pas” HUG the helping verb AND subject. Think of the hyphen as a marriage – don’t break it up! Hug both!
    • EX: N’avez-vous pas dansé?
    • N’as-tu pas oublié quelque chose?
    • * With est-ce que follow the same rules as sentence.

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