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excessive intakes and deficient intakes of all vitamins and minerals impare the
what supports a healthy immune system?
vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients
what is the first line of defense against infection?
skin and mucous membranes
the number 1 and 2 killers in the US are
heart disease and cancer
how many of the 10 leading causes of death is related to nutrition
most people have well developed plauges by what age?
30 years old
steps to help heart disease
- exercise more
- more veggies and fruit
- less fat, saturated fats, cholesterol
- and less salt
cvd affects men and women but has killed more
ideal blood pressure is
steps to cancer development
- exposure to carcinogen
- entry of carcinogen into the cell
- enhancement of cancer development by promoters
- high intake of veggies/fruits and whole grains
- avoid fat, alcohol, smoked foods and meats
what percent of cancers are influenced by diet?
FDA major concerns
- foodborne illness
- toxins in foods
- residues in foods
- nutrients in foods
- intentional food additives
- genetically modified fods
know agencies that moniter the food supply
FDA, CDC, EPA, USDA, WHO
3 things bacteria needs to grow
warmth, moisture, and nutrients
what food is susceptible to bacterial contamination?
meat and poultry
problems with raw seafood
worms flukes and other paracites
4 ways to protect family from foodborne illnesses
- refridgerate leftovers
- do not eat raw food items
- disinfect kitchen counters
- defrost items in the fridgerator
two types of additives
- intentional- artificial color
- thinkening agents
you should thaw frozen meats
in the refrigerator
single most potent indicator of an infant's future health
the infants birth wieght
characteristics of a fetus at 8 weeks
no more webbed feet and toes. organs are starting to work
define low birth weight
less than 5 1/2 pounds normally i premature infants or in infants who didnt grow properly in the uterus
how much weight needed to gain during each trimester.
- 1: 2-4
- 2: 3-4
- 3: one pound a week
what nutrient plays a role in neural tube defect
The b vitamin folate helps prevent neural tube defects
what lifestyle factors should be avoided while pregnant
drugs, excessive exercise, smoking, and drinking alcohol
Breast milk is lacking what vitamin?
no vitamn d
what age does a childs appetite fluxuate
after the 1st birthday
components of a true food allergy
- antibodies, symptoms occur 24 hours after consumed.
- 4 major ones are nuts, eggs, milk, and soy
how to prevent a child from choking
child should be sitting, and grapes should be cut into bite size peices.
normal everyday causes for wild hyperactive behavior in children beucase of
desire for attention, lack of sleep, overstimulation, too much tv and lack of exercise
what does a tv do to a child?
for every hour viewed, there is a 2% increase in obesity
best way to tell if a teenager is growing properly
- men: increase 12 inches and increase 50-60 pounds
- women: increase 10 inches and 40-50 pounds
what is the fastest growing age group in our society is
over 85 years old
most important meal of the day
older adults should drink how much water
why do energy needs in older people decrease
disease in metabolism, muscle mass, and activity
what happens to birthrate when pverty decreases