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Movement of bone vertically downwards.
Fibrous mobile peg-and-socket joint of a tooth with its bony socket.
The movement of the lower jaw to the side.
The place where the bone and the ligaments are joined together.
Relating to or affecting tissues and structures around the teeth - Greek "peri" = around and "odontos" = tooth.
Movement of a joint horizontally forwards.
Joint in which bones grow together and are linked by a disc of fibrocartilage.
Joint in which bones are linked together by hyaline cartilage.
Fusion of a normally separate skeletal bones - Greek "syn" = together and "osteon" = bones.
3 types of joints
Fibrous, Synovial, Cartilaginous
Types of synovial joints
- 1. Hinge (i.e. Knee)
- 2. Gliding (i.e. intercarpal
- 3. Pivot (i.e. Superior radioulnar jt)
- Biaxial1. Saddle (capometacarpal thumb)
- 2. Condyloid (metacarpalphalangeal)
- 3. Ball & Socket (glenohumeral)
Types of Fibrous joints
- 1. Suture: In cranium
- 2. Gomphoses: teeth
- 3. Syndesmosis: Interosseous membrane
Types of Cartilaginous joints
- 1. Synchondrosis: hyaline joint to bone... called synostosis when hyaline ossifies
- 2. Symphesis: fibocartilaginous disc (pubic symphesis)