Anatomy-Ch. 12

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Anonymous
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8662
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Anatomy-Ch. 12
Updated:
2010-03-01 16:47:45
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anatomy 12 blood
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Anatomy vocab on chapter 12
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  1. Functions of Blood
    • >transports nutrients, oxygen, wastes, hormones
    • >helps maintain stability of interstitial fluid (homeostasis)
    • >distributes heat
  2. 4 components of blood:
    • 1. red blood cells
    • 2. white blood cells
    • 3. platelets
    • 4. plasma
  3. what forms in bone marrow?
    • white and red blood cells
    • platelets
  4. hematocrit
    % of formed elements/red blood cells
  5. plasma
    • -55% of blood sample
    • -clear, yellowish
  6. another name for RBC
    erythrocytes
  7. components of RBCs
    • -hemoglobin
    • -hematopoiesis
    • -erythropoietin
    • - B complex vitamins (RBC production)
  8. macrophages
    destroy damaged RBCs
  9. Biliverdin
    greenish pigment
  10. Bilirubin
    orange pigment
  11. another name for WBCs
    leukocytes
  12. 2 categories of WBCs
    granulocytes and agranulocytes
  13. 3 types of Granulocytes
    • neutrophils
    • eosinophils
    • basophils
  14. Another name for Platelets
    thrombocytes
  15. 3 types of Plasma protiens
    • 1. albumins (osmotic balance)
    • 2. globulins (transport)
    • 3. fibrinogens (coagulation)
  16. Albumins
    • -smallest of plasma proteins
    • - most abundant (60%)
  17. Globulins
    • -transport lipids
    • -alpha, beta, gamma
    • -36%
  18. Fibrinogens
    • -blood coagulation
    • -4%
  19. Nonprotein nitrogenous substances
    molecules that contain nitrogen atoms but are not proteins
  20. vasospasm
    blood vessels contract
  21. serotonin
    released by platelets
  22. coagulation
    hemostatic mechanism
  23. fibrin
    insoluble threads
  24. prothrombin
    produces plasma
  25. thrombin
    catalyzes reaction
  26. thrombus
    blood clot
  27. embolus
    clot that is dislodged
  28. agglutination
    clumping on RBCs following transfusion reaction
  29. antigens
    RBC surface molecule
  30. antibodies
    carried in plasma
  31. Blood Type: A
    • Antigen A
    • Antibody B
  32. Blood Type: B
    • Antigen B
    • Antibody A
  33. Blood Type: AB
    • Antigen A and B
    • Neither Antibody
  34. Blood Type: O
    • Neither Antigen
    • A and B Antibodies
  35. Red Blood Cells
    • -produced in bone marrow
    • -contain protein hemoglobin
    • -don't have nucleus
  36. White Blood Cells
    • -immune system
    • -destroy pathogens
    • -CSFs (colony stimulating factors)
  37. Plasma
    • -yellowish liquid
    • -contains clotting factors
  38. Platelets
    -clotting factors
  39. The average person has how much blood?
    • -about 5 liters
    • -7-8% body weight
  40. Life span of granulocytes?
    about 12 hours
  41. What protein controls platelets?
    thromobopoeitin
  42. What is the normal platelet count?
    130,000-360,000
  43. What cell component is associated with hemophilia?
    platelets
  44. Blood plasma is what percent water?
    92%

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