a system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative property, power, and
Debt, Race, War, and Superiority are all causes of...?
Social Class - Karl Marx
According to Max Weber, Social Class is determined by...?
What perspective are Davis and Moore?
What is Davis and Moore's Explanation of Universal Stratification?
All positions need to be filled.
Some positions are more important than others.
Positions should be filled by those who are qualified.
To motivate people, they must be rewarded.
What perspective is Mosca?
What is Mosca's argument about Universal Stratification?
Society must be organized.
Leadership requires inequalities of power.
Human Nature is self centered.
Examples of Soft Control
Controlling people's ideas, information, and technology
Global Stratification: Old Model
First World Countries
industrialized capitalist nations
nations that don't fit into first or second world categories
Global Stratification: New Model
Most Industrialized Nations
Least Industrialized Nations
Global Stratification: Alternative Model
Most industrialized nations
Least Industrialized nations
Oil rich, non-industrialized nations
A form of social stratification based primarily on the possession of money or material possessions
The ability to get your way despite the resistance of others desires
A form of social stratification in which one's status is determined by birth and is lifelong
beliefs about the way things ought to be that justify social arrangements
movement up the social class ladder
upward social mobility
A contractual system in which someone sells his or her body (services) for a specified period of time in an arrangement very close to slavery, except that it is voluntarily entere into
Indentured service (Bonded Labor)
about the same numbers of people moving up and down the social class ladder such that on balance, the social class system shows little change
forgoing something int he present in the hope of achieving greater gains in the future
the economic and political dominance of the least industrialized nations by the most industrialized nations
a group of people for whom poverty persists year after year and across generations
Karl Marxs term for capitalists, those who own the means to produce wealth
Monies recieved from work, wages, rent, interests, or royalties.
respect or regard
the tools, factories, land, and investment capital used to produce wealth
means of production
the stratification system of medieval Europe, consisting of three groups or estates: the nobility, clergy, and commoners
Estate Stratification System
Movement up of down the social class ladder
Property and Income
The official measure of poverty. Calculated to include those whose incomes are less than three times a low-cost food budget.
Assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different form other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty, and that parents perpetuate poverty across generations by passing these characteristics to their children.
culture of poverty
the position that someone occupies in society or a social group; social ranking
Economic and political connections that tie the world's countries together
world system theory
Karl Marx's term for the exploited class, the people who work for those who own the means of production
a trend in US poverty whereby most poor families are headed by women
feminization of poverty
the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
the idea that the king's authority comes directly from God
divine right of kings
The separation of races as was practiced in South Africa
The belief that due to limitless possibilities for succes, anyone can get ahead if he or she tries hard enough.
Horatio Alger Myth
Capitalism (investing to make profits within a rational system) becoming the globe's dominant econimic system
globalization of capitalism
Durkheim's term for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behavior.
companies that operate across many national boundaries; also called transnational corporations
The practice of marrying within one's own group
Movement up or down the social class ladder that is attributable to changes in the structure of society, not to individual efforts.
a form of social stratification in which some people own other people
the process by which one nation takes over another nation, usally for the purpose of exploiting its labor and natural resources
Erik Wright's term for a position in the class structure that generates contradictory interests.
Contradictory Class Location
The division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power, property, and prestige; applies to both nations and to people within a nation, society, or other group.
A form of social stratifiaction in which all positions are awarded on the basis of merit
C. Wright Mill's term for the top people in US corporations, military, and politics who make the nation's major decisions
Karl Marx's term for awareness of a common identity based on one's position in the means of production.
Ranking high or low on all three dimentions of social class
Movement down the social class ladder
Downward Social Mobility
Karl Marx's term to refer to workers identifying with the interest of capitalists.
False Class Consciousness
Ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others
Status Inconsistency (or status discrepancy)
According to Weber, a large group of people who rank closely to one another in wealth power and prestige
According to Marx, one of two groups: capitalists who own the means of production or workers who sell their labor
A large number of people with similar amounts of income and education who work at jobs that are roughly comparable in prestige.