Mendez v. Westminister ended school segregation in California.
The first ten amendments to the Constitution are referred to as the Bill of Rights.
The right to bear arms is guaranteed by the Third Amendment.
The ruling in Miller v. California
made it easier for states to regulate pornography.
In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Missouri Compromise.
Earl Warren delivered the fourth opinion in
Brown v. Board of Education.
In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the majority of the Supreme Court argued that the Constitution
should be color blind.
Marbury v. Madison
(1803) first asserted the doctrine of judicial review.
The Constitution sets the number of justices on the Supreme Court at nine.
Texas leads the nation in both crime rate and number of cases litigated.
The standard for conviction in a criminal case is “beyond a reasonable doubt.”
The schedule of court activity is known as the court’s “docket.”
Under Texas law, a class A misdemeanor is more serious than a third degree felony.
Prosecutors in felon cases seek an indictment from a grand jury before going to trial.
A change of venue favors the, prosecution more that the defense.
Criminal cases make up the majority of the case load for district courts.
The 14th Amendment?
defines who is a citizen of the us. states that sttes must provide equal protection to all people. " no state shall make or enfore any laws which shall abridge the privileges oor immunities of citizens of the us. deprive any person of life, liberty..etc"
due process and equal protection
In Lemon v. Kurtzman the Supreme Court?
held that gvt aids to religious schools would be constitutional if the met three criterias ( lemon test)
- secular purpose
-does not advace inbits religion
- entanglement of religion.
Teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution in the public schools?
does not breach church and state
scopes monkey trail.
tenness. was the 1st to prohibit it.
Symbolic speech is?
nonverbal expression of beliefs, which i s given substantial protection by the court.
Campus speech codes?
hate seech on campuses. violated the first amendments. unconstitutional restrictions insults beased ont heir race, sex, age and etc...
The media with the most limited 1st Amendment protections are?
radio and tv broadcasting.
The Writ of Habeas Corpus is?
you have the body. an order that requires jailers to bring a prisoner before a court or judge and explain why the person is being held.
The Miranda Rule?
the rules that police are obliged to warn you anything you say may be used as evidence and to read your constitutional rigths. rights to lawyers and right to remain silent until advised by a lawyer.
Cruel and unusual punishment is prohibited by?
supreme ct to all forms of capital punishment in all circumstances. 18th amendment us constitution.
In the 1944 case if Smith v. Alwright, the
Supreme Court ruled the _____ to be a
violation of the 15th Amendment.
outlawed whites primanies
blacks were banned from voting.
In the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) the U.S. Supreme Court held that?
sep but equal practice race as inherently unequal meaning separ facility will no longer exist count not use race as a separation factor. important political conq.
- slow processes in school segergation
- sparks greater resloved for crowing civil right movements.
- political activism: civil rights and voting acts.
The grandfather clause?
a device used by southern states to disenfranchise afrians. it resticted voting to those whose grandfathers had voted before.
Dr. Martin Luther King’s Jr., philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience was influence greatly by?
In the U.S. women gained the right to vote nationwide?