Card Set Information
Abuse of psychoactive drugs
What are psychoactive drugs?
these are drugs altering people experiance and consiousnes
What are addictive behaviour ?
These are behaviours that have gotten out of control.
What are four characteristics of drug addiction?
compulsive desire for a drug
need to increase the dosage
harm to the individual
harm to the society
What is drug habituation?
Routine of use of drug with out level of cumpultion, it has psychological but not physical effect. lesser version of addiction.
What are characteristic of addictive behaviour?
Reinforcement ( reinforcing some aspect of behaviour)
compulsion/craving (compelling need)
loss of control (can not block impulse to do it)
esclation ( more of particular substance is required)
What are stages of development of drug addiction?
Starts to bring pleasure and relieve pain
Developes when person becomes depende
Eventually becomes central focus
What is a defenition of a drug?
It is a chemical that affect structure or function of the body and the brain.
What is the defenition of the addiciton?
It is psychological and physical dependence
What are some reasons for addiction?
nature of substance
What are some examples of addictive behaviour?
gambling ( 20 times suicide rate)
What are sings of substance dependence?
consuming larger amounts
persistant desire to cut down
spending time to get the substance
giving up daily important activities
keep using substance despite problems
spending large time obtaining it
Who uses drugs?
all ethnic groups
What are some reasons that people use drug?
magnified by residance
allure of exiting and illigal
curious , vulnurable
need to appear
What are some risk factors for drug dependence?
The physical risk:
difficulty controlling impulses
strong need for excitment
failing or rejection
growing up in family with drug use
side effect ( paranoya, depression, heart attack)
Unknown drug constituent
risk associated with injection
How do drugs affect the body?
Changes of brain chemistry
drug factors ( pharmacological property, dose response, time action, drug use, method of use)
user factors( body mass, general health, genetic factors, cocurrent use of other chemicals, pregnancy, placebo)
social factor ( physical, social environment)
Opioid (Narcatics, natural or synthetic)
opium, morphine, heroine,methadone,hydrocodone,oxycodone
relieve pain, cause drawsiness, induce, euphoria ( exaggerated feeling of well being)
deppressant ( reduces nerve and muscular activity)
seddation to death, alcohol and birbiturates
xanax, valium, roofies, liquid extacy
reduce anxiety, and cause mood change impare muscular coordination, drawsiness, sleep.
Stimulants ( increase nervous system activity, increase blood pressure, constric vein, increase heart rate)
cocaine ( coca shrubs can be snorted or injected, baking soda/ water to make it into crack, effects are intense/short)
Amphetamines ( synthetic) benzedrine, dexdrine, methedrine, small doses makes people more alert
Marijuana ( Most wildly used illigal drug)
Impairs driving performance
long term effect can cause respiratory damage
: Alter user perception , thoughts and feelings. LSD adn mesclie