history final

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redhed77
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86897
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history final
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2011-05-23 16:59:24
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worldhist
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history final semester 2
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  1. French term for a revolt by military leaders to overthrow a government
    coup de tat
  2. leader of France during the Riegn of Terror
    Robespierre
  3. According to Enlightenment thinkers, the purpose of governments: to ____ the ____ of the people
    protect rights
  4. people of the First Estate of France before the French Revolution
    clergy
  5. Date of the storming of the Bastille
    July 14, 1789
  6. people of the Second Estate of France before the French Revolution
    nobilty
  7. Enlightenment’s natural rights
    life, liberty, and death!! proprety
  8. policy used by the Russians to burn crops and villages, leaving the French troops hungry and cold
    scorched earth
  9. first island Napoleon was exiled to
    Elba
  10. Polish scholar who challenged the belief that Earth was at the center of the universe
    Copernicus
  11. French word for middle class who, along with poor city workers and rural peasants, made up the Third Estate of France before the French Revolution
    bourgeoisie
  12. second island Napoleon was exiled to
    Sthelena
  13. French philosopher who believed that all people possess natural rights
    John Locke
  14. system of laws established by Napoleon to oversee his empire
    Napoleonic code
  15. Italian astronomer who provided further evidence to support the heliocentric theory
    Galileo
  16. center of the universe for most Middle Ages European scholars
    Earth
  17. period in the 1700s in which people rejected traditional ideas and supported a belief in human reason
    Enlightenment
  18. two countries seemingly beyond Napoleon’s control
    Britain and Russia
  19. area of Russia convicts were sent to as punishment for their crimes
    Siberia
  20. South American revolutionary nicknamed "the Liberator"
    Bolivar
  21. Latin American mountains that made unity difficult
    Andes
  22. the Congress of Vienna settlement was a victory for _____ in Europe
    conservatism
  23. leader of a revolt by Haitian slaves
    Louvetture
  24. the stabilizing influence in Latin America
    Catholic Church
  25. ruling power belongs to a small, powerful elite
    oligarchy
  26. violent attacks on Jews in Russia
    pogroms
  27. "the sick man of Europe"
    The Ottoman Empire
  28. Chancellor of Prussia who wanted to unify Germany through a policy of “blood and iron”
    Otto von Bismarck
  29. Book written by Adam Smith to promote his laissez-faire economic ideas
    The Wealth of Nations
  30. Developed the theories of evolution and natural selection
    Charles Darwin
  31. Book written by Marx and Friedrich Engels to spread their political ideology
    The Communist Manifesto
  32. First king of a united Italy
    Victor Emmanuel of Sardina
  33. Reason 1 million Irish died of starvation or disease and millions more moved to the United States and Canada
    Potato Famine
  34. Organized Zulu warriors to fight European rule in Africa
    Shaka
  35. built first successful airplan
    Wright Bros.
  36. insisted that doctors use antiseptics
    Lister
  37. discovered new radioactive elements
    Curie Bros.
  38. questioned basic ideas about the human mind
    Sigmund Freud
  39. discovered that penicillium killed germs (bacteria)
    Liester
  40. founded Standard Oil Company
    Rockefeller
  41. first American automakers
    Duryea Bros.
  42. telegraph and code
    Morse
  43. first French automaker
    Renault
  44. telephone
    Bell
  45. first German automaker
    Daimlar
  46. founded US Steel Company
    Morgan
  47. first practical light bulb
    Edison
  48. Archduke of and heir to A-H
    Franz Ferdinand
  49. cease-fire
    armistice
  50. spreading ideas to further a cause
    propaganda
  51. final set of requests or demands
    ultimatum
  52. term for a country at war
    belligerant
  53. German Foreign Minister during World War I
    Zimmerman
  54. person responsible for “lighting the spark” that started World War I
    Gavrilo Princip
  55. German plan for a quick defeat of France through Belgium
    schlieffen plan
  56. treaty making peace between Germany and Russia
    Brest Litovsk
  57. glorification of the military
    militarism
  58. US President during World War I
    Wilson
  59. Members of the Triple Entente
    France, GB, Russia
  60. weapon first used by the Germans in the oceans
    submarines
  61. nickname of the Balkans
    "powder keg of Europe"
  62. Chinese leader that formed the Guomindang
    Sun Yat Sen
  63. Indian nationalist who promoted nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience
    Ghandi
  64. concept of Jewish people wanting to establish a Jewish state in Palestine
    Zionism
  65. leader at the WWI Peace Conference suggested his Fourteen Points
    President Wilson
  66. refusal to buy British goods
    boycot
  67. money paid for damages caused during the war
    reparations
  68. refusal to obey unjust laws
    civil disobediance
  69. the Amritsar Massacre occurred when a group of Indians illegally assembled and were fired upon by ______ troops
    British
  70. writers, artists, and musicians of the 1920’s and 30’s: the “______ Generation”
    Lost
  71. An anti-communist and anti-Semitic form of fascism carried to extremes.
    Nazism
  72. region of China invaded and taken by the Japanese for its coal
    Munchuria
  73. System in which power is exercised by the people either directly or indirectly through a system of representation.
    Democracy
  74. secret police established in the USSR
    checka
  75. “super-highway” Hitler had built in Germany
    autobahn
  76. term for Hitler’s secret police
    gestapo
  77. The “title” Hitler used for Germany during his reign
    third reich
  78. term given to the Communist revolutionaries in Russia
    Red Army
  79. colony on the mainland of Asia that the Japanese had established before their invasion of China
    Korea
  80. term Hitler used for his “master” race
    Aryans
  81. Japanese term for their secret police
    Shisoukeisatsu
  82. title Hitler used as the sole leader of Germany
    fuhrer
  83. leader and organizer of the Red Army in the USSR
    Trotsky
  84. title of the book written by Hitler outlining his plans to take over the world
    Mein Kampf
  85. peasants in the USSR who refused to give up their farmland
    kulaks
  86. two main needs of the island-nation of Japan
    raw materials and living space
  87. private army/police established by Mussolini
    black shirts
  88. “German” region of Czechoslovakia taken by Hitler
    Sudetenland
  89. British Prime Minister at the end of the war
    Attlee
  90. island half-way between the US and Japan
    Midway
  91. British Prime Minister during the Battle of Britain
    Winston Churchill
  92. Japanese suicide bombers
    Kamikaze
  93. Chinese nationalist supported by the US to fight against the Japanese in China
    Chiang Kai Shek
  94. landing sight of the allied invasion of France
    Normandy
  95. codename of the US effort to build the atomic bomb
    Manhattan Project
  96. meeting place of the “Big 3” giving Hitler the Sudetenland
    Munich
  97. communist leader in French Indochina the US supported in his fight against the Japanese
    Ho Chi Minh
  98. official military codename for D-Day
    Operation Overlord
  99. communist leader of the Soviet Union throughout the war
    Stalin
  100. sight of largest tank battle in Africa
    El Ala Mein
  101. fascist leader of Germany during World War II
    Adolf Hitler
  102. sight of massive Allied evacuation from France
    Dunkirk
  103. fascist leader of Italy during World War II
    Mousolini
  104. sight of post-war trials in Germany
    Yalta
  105. fascist leader of Spain during World War II
    Franco
  106. sight of US naval base housing the Pacific Fleet
    Pearl Harbor
  107. first country attacked by Germany
    Poland
  108. British Prime Minister at the beginning of the war
    Chamberlain
  109. first original Japanese land taken by the US
    Okinawa
  110. US General in charge of all American troops in the Philippines
    MacArthur
  111. France Nazi puppet-state in southern France
    Vichy France
  112. US President at the beginning of the war
    Rosevelt
  113. German “lightning war”
    blitzkrieg
  114. US President during the dropping of the atomic bombs
    Truman
  115. German tank general in North Africa
    Rommel
  116. Leader of the Communists in China
    Mao Zedong
  117. two world superpowers that emerged from World War II
    USA and USSR
  118. Writer of the massive economic aid package designed to strengthen democratic governments and lessen the appeal of communism
    Marshal
  119. Attempt by the US and Cuban exiles to get rid of Castro in Cuba: invasion of the _____
    Bay of Pigs
  120. part of the UN that promotes human rights
    Economic and Social Council
  121. City hosting the Olympics the US boycotted
    Moscow
  122. part of the UN that provides a voice to all representatives from every member nation
    General Assembly
  123. communist forces in S. Vietnam
    Viet Cong
  124. part of the UN that rules on international legal disputes
    International Court of Justice
  125. Effort by western countries to fly in 2 million tons of goods in 11 months to Berlin
    Berlin Air Lift
  126. promised massive land reform in Cuba
    Fidel Castro
  127. last USSR leader
    Gorbachev
  128. long-time ruling-family of Nicaragua
    Somoza
  129. leader of North Korea
    Kim Il Sung
  130. Russian President who denounced the coup against Gorbachev
    Yeltsin
  131. leader of Romania who fought against revolution and change
    Ceausescu
  132. Sandinista leader of Nicaragua
    Ortega
  133. leader of Solidarity labor union in Poland
    Walesa
  134. Term used in the 1970s to describe the period of “relaxing” in tensions between the US and USSR
    detente
  135. Most common method used by the USSR in stopping revolts in their satellite nations: the use of Soviet troops and _____
    tanks
  136. tried to introduce reforms in Czechoslovakia
    Dubcek
  137. part of the UN that administers territories
    Trusteeship Council
  138. US pilot of the U-2 spy-plane captured by the USSR
    Powers
  139. part of the UN that investigates peace threatening situations
    Security Council
  140. US President elected with a promise to withdrawal troops from Vietnam
    Nixon
  141. part of the UN that oversees administrative work of the UN
    Secretariat
  142. US President given permission to do “whatever necessary” with the Tonkin Resolution
    Johnson
  143. “Asian Tiger” known for its light industries such as textile factories
    Taiwan
  144. “Asian Tiger” known for its major financial center (foreign banks and stock market)
    Hong Kong
  145. “Asian Tiger” known for its textiles and inexpensive goods as well as automobiles
    South Korea
  146. leader of Argentin
    Juan Peron
  147. “Asian Tiger” known for one of the world's busiest harbors and a center of trade
    Singapore
  148. leader of China after Mao’s death
    Deng Xiaoping
  149. a Muslim legal expert
    Ayatollah
  150. leader of Iran who encouraged his followers to take Americans hostage
    Mahamoud Ahmadinejad
  151. black Anglican bishop who spoke out against apartheid
    Desmond Tutu
  152. leader of Panama believed to be helping smuggle drugs into the US
    Manuel Nonega
  153. countries with conflicts between the Christians and Muslims
  154. official government policy in South Africa dealing with the separation of the races
    apartheid
  155. country invaded by Iraq, who tried to seize its oil fields
    Kuwait
  156. president of South Africa that brought about an end to many apartheid policies
    Nelson Mandella
  157. country with conflicts between the Blacks and Whites
    South Africa
  158. religion that blends elements of Islam and Hinduism
    Sikhism
  159. country with conflicts between the Hutu and Tutsi
    Rwanda
  160. second president of Russia
    Vladimir Putin
  161. first black president of South Africa
    F.W. de Klerk
  162. mass murder of a large group of ethnically or religiously related peoples
    genocide
  163. first prime minister of India
    Jawaharlal Nehru
  164. the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries is usually called by this simple acronym
    OPEC
  165. full name of the daughter who became prime minister of India after the death of her father
    Indira Gandhi
  166. two European groups that ruled South Africa for 350 years
    Dutch and British
  167. full name of the leader of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia
    Pol Pot
  168. uprising begun in Palestine against Israel and her allies
  169. island of turned over to China on July 1, 1997
    Hong Kong
  170. Beatles big single release in 1962
    Love Me Do
  171. Chinese Premier who re-established diplomatic relations with the USSR
    Chouenlai
  172. Pope who replaced Pope John XXIII who died
    Pope Paul
  173. former Nazi official in charge of concentration camps in Germany and executed in Israel
    Eichmann
  174. recalled leader of France given dictatorial powers
    Charles de Gaulle
  175. French actress who achieved stardom in And God Created Woman
    Bridgette Bardot
  176. Russian author of Dr. Zhivago
    Boris Pasternak
  177. location of the production company that made the movie Bridge on the River Kwai
    Britain
  178. sleeping and morning sickness drug that caused deformations in babies
    Thalidomide
  179. music idol spokesperson for the Pepsi Company
    Michael Jackson
  180. succeeded Stalin as Premier of USSR
    Malenkov
  181. music idol spokespersons for the CocaCola Company
    George Michael and Paula Abdul
  182. first US civilians charged and executed for spying
    Rosenbergs
  183. plague discovered in homosexuals, drugusers, and Haitians
    AIDS
  184. toy introduced by the Wham-o Toy Company in 1959
    hula-hoop

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