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observes and describes behavior and mental processes withou manipulating variables.
when one views ones own ethnic group as "correct" and judges others according to its standard
Expirementer bias always
produces flawed results
6 steps of the scientific method
- review liturature
- formulate testable hypothoses
- choose a research design
- statistical analysis
- peer reviewed scientific journal
- building theory furthor
researchers can isolate a single factor and examine thw effect of the factor alone on a particular behavior through what?
Focuses on free will, self actualization, and human nature as positive and growth seeking.
advantages of experimental method
minimizes artificiallty, it is easier to collect data, allows description of behavior and mental processe as they occur
medical doctors and have an MD degree with a specialization in psychiatry and a license to prescibe medications and drugs
Problem with correlations
many people assume correlation implies causation
the cell body recieves info from the
dendrites and provide life-support functions
What is the largest and most prominent part of the human brain
Glial cells make up how much of the brains cells ?
90% and play a direct role in the nervous system communication
What does norepinephrine (NE) affect?
learning, memory, dreaming, emotion, waking from sleep, eating, alertness, wakfulness, and reactions to sleep.
What connects the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex?
the corpus callsum
The sending neurons normally reabsorb what?
the excess neurotransmitters or they are broken down into by special enzymes
What does the sympathetic nervous system convey?
sensory info to the CNS and sends motor messages to muscles and can control involuntary basic life functions like a heartbeat
Both grasping and the rooting reflex are
The hypothalamus is part of they lymbic system and controls
sex and thirst
The autonomic nervous system is responsible for
independent activities such as digestion and salivation
The amygdala is part of the lymbic system and controls
agression, fear, and possible influence on emotions such as depression
The cerebelum coordinates
fine muscle movement, balance and some perception and cognition
the pons cordinate
The Broca's are is part of the
frontal lobe and controls language comprehension
Stages of General adaption syndrom (GAS)
During acute stress, cortisol prevents
the retrieveal of existing memories or the laying down of new memories and general information processing
Type A personalities
- easily angered
Children experience PTSD after
exposure to a traumatic life event
Behavior modification, biofeedback and relaxation techniques
effective means for helping an individual undergoing chronic pain
In which appraisal of a stresful situation does an individual choose a coping method
increase in cortisol causes
and increase in damage to the hippocampus
the SAM system is the bodys
initial, rapid-acting stress response, involving the symphathetic nervous system and the adrenal medulla.
what is one of the 10 most common hassles for a college student?
positive life changes
can cause a person stress
Long term memory has
permanent storage, relatively permanent duration and relatively unlimited capacity
A weak echo (echoic memory) of auditory info
can last up to 30 seconds
implicit or nondeclarative memory is a type of memory that occurs
without conscious recall
example of a episodic memory
recalling of your high school graduation
seeking to understand new info and not just memorize info
people lose memory for events that occur before a brain injury
Dendrites, Cell Body, A?
Client centered therapy
- carl rogers
- encourages people to actualize their potential and relate to others in genuine ways
Identify your belief system and dispute the self defeating ideas and thoughts you had learned or addopted
Women seek therapy for
mental disorders due to stresses of poverty, mutiple roles, aging, and violence in relationships
the process of drawing negaitve conclusions about ones self-worth.
therapy attepmts to change
disturbed thoughts, disturbed emotions, disturbed behaviors, biomedical distubances and interpersonal and life situation difficulties.
psychosurgueries such a labotomy
durning 1950 , not really today
magnification is the process
of focusing only on the negative events while ignoring the positive events
ativan valium and xanax
common medications used to assist in the treatment of anxiety orders
uses the principles of operant conditioning.
study of how peiople infulence thought feelings and actions
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