This lines the outside of the Lung, it is not the part of the respiratory system
This covers the abdominal organs
What is another word for Pleural Effusion?
Made from simple sugars, sometimes referred to as polysaccharides or starches
Includes steriods, waxes, and fats. Triglycerides
Made from Amino Acids. There are a total of 20 amino acids in the human body. These are amino acids not made up by the body, but instead have to be obtained by consumption of meat. Amino Acids are made from nucleic acids (DNA)
What is the begining process of all Western Diseases?
What is the function of the Paranasal Sinus?
Warms the air
Humidify/Moisten the inhaled air
Acts as a filter
Cartilaginous structure connecting the pharynx and trachea at the level of cervical vertebrae. It is composed of connective tissue containing 9 pieces of cartilage shaped like a box.
The largest cartilage of the larynx; it is visible and palpable above the hyoid boine anteriorly
Thyroid Cartilage (Adam's Apple)
Shaped like a signet ring, connects the larynx and trachea
Leaf-shaped lid at the entrance to the larynx. It closes and covers the larynx when food is being swallowed from the pharynx to the esophagus.
What is another term for Chemical Pneumonia
The sac between the visceral and parietal pleura which is generally lined with fluid
When air is introduced into the pleural space (during chest trauma from motor vehicle accident or MVA, or puncture of thoracic cavity as with an acupuncutre needle), a pleural cavity is created and the lung collapses (partially or totally)
Contractions occur in a set of respiratory muscles between the ribs, called external intercostals muscles.
The external intercostals and diaphragm relax
The measuring of breath
What monitors CO2 levels of the blood?
Respiratory Control Center
How long can one hold his breath?
Until CO2 gets to critical levels
Where does O2 and CO2 perform gas exchange?
How much of a role (in percent) does the diaphragm play in respiration? External Intercostals?
External Intercostals 10%
Has a biconcave shape
The only cell in the body without a nucleus
Performs gas exchange
Red Blood Cell
What are the most common Respiratory Conditions (Hyperactive Airway Disease)?
Asthma - the inability to exhale (bronchospasm) (occurs during childhood --> early adulthood)
COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - lose the abiltiy of elastic recoil (occurs during age>= 60 years)
Chronic Bronchitis - inpairment of mucocilliary escalator - persistant cough, esp. in smokers (occurs during age >= 40-50 years)
What are the 3 types of Muscles in the body?
Skeletal (voluntary) striated
Smooth (involuntary - autonomic nervous system control) deep to body