Card Set Information
What is the nature of alcohol?
It is a psychoactive ingrediant of alcohol is ethyl alcohol ( the only alcohol that can be consumed)
6-8 malt liqoure
9-14 table wine
35-50 hard liquore
what is the defenition of a proof value?
concentration of alcohol in beverage shown by 2X percentage concentration and it provides 7 calorie.
What are means of absorption of alcohol?
20% rapidly absorped from stomach
75% in upper small intestine
The remaining is absorped in GI track
What are some factors associated with absorption?
artificial sweetner increase
food in stomach decrease absorption
drink of high concentration decrease absorption
What are means of metabolism, excrition:
transported via blood stream
easily move through memberane
main site of metabolism live
2-10% of injested not metabolized , crosses brain membrane , it effects neurotransmitter , if drinking is chronic , effects on neurotransmitter can be permanent.
*When alcohol and tabbaco is introduced to developing brain it effect development of new brain cells.
What is blood alcohol concentration?
Measure of intoxication
Influanced by body weight/ percentage of body fat
What are metabolism of alcohol influanced by?
what are some effects of alcohol on health?
It depends on individual/ circumestance and amount used
BAC .03-.05 relaxation and release of inhibition
At .1 major reduction in most sensory, motor functioning
At .2 unable to function
At .35 coma / death
What is hangover?
It is caused by toxins and alcohol breakdown, dehydration, hormones
What are some chronic effects of alcohol:
Digestive ( Liver function, pancrease inflammation)
Cardiovascular ( Cardivascular, moderate reduces risk of HD, Higher dose elevates BP, weaken heart muscle)
Cancer ( mouth, throat, breast cancer)
Brain Cancer ( alcoholics show brain damage, loss of gray/ white matter, blood flow, slows metabolic rate)
mortality ( alcoholic lose about 15 years)
What are effects of alcohol during pregnancy:
it crosses placenta and harm fetus ( causes fetal alcohol syndrome)
leading cause of mental impairment
What is alcohol abuse? What is alcohol dependence?
recurrent use having negative consequances.
extensive problem, tolorance, withdrawls
What are signs of alcohol abuse?
consume heavily before risky situation
drink on unusual times
What is binge drinking?
pattern of alcohol that brings BAC to .08 within tow hours ( five drins in two hours within 30 days)