Biology II Final Review

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  1. The earliest known land vertebrate
    A) was an amphibian
    B) lacked bones in its legs
    C) was a coelacanth
    D) was now-extinct reptile
    A) was an amphibian
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. In amphibians, gases are exchanged through lung breathing and through the
    A) lateral line system
    B) skin
    C) air bladder
    D) heart
    B) skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Amphibians without tails are classifies in the order
    A) Anura
    B) Apoda
    C) Hydrodela
    D) Urodela
    A) Anura
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Newts and salamanders are amphibians of the order
    A) Apoda
    B) Gymnophiona
    C) Anura
    D) Caudata
    D) Caudata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Amphibians that have slender bodies and no limbs are classified as
    A) salamanders
    B) caecilians
    C) newts
    D) anurans
    B) caecilians
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Some type of skeletal support
    a) exists in all animals, whether they are
    aquatic or terrestrial
    b) was necessary for animals to leave aquatic
    environments
    c) is present primarily in land vertebrates
    d) evolved
    first in reptiles
    • b) was necessary for animals to leave aquatic
    • environments
  7. Which of the following characteristics of the skeletons of frogs are
    adaptations for jumping?
    a) forelimbs attached to a pectoral girdle and
    hindlimbs attached to a pelvic girdle
    b) fusion of bones of the hind
    limbs and of the vertebral column
    c) cervical vertebrae
    d) bony
    vertebral column
    • b) fusion of bones of the hind
    • limbs and of the vertebral column
  8. The amphibian heart
    a) pumps only deoxygenated blood
    b) has four chambers
    c) pumps only oxygenated blood
    d) pumps both deoxygenated and
    oxygenated blood
    • d) pumps both deoxygenated and
    • oxygenated blood
  9. The amount of oxygen
    a lung can absorb depends primarily on
    a) its thickness
    b) its position in the body of an animal
    c) its internal surface area
    d) the diameter of the bronchioles in the lung
    c) its internal surface area
  10. Frogs breathe by
    a) changing the volume and pressurein their chest cavity
    b) allowing air currents they encounter as they
    move to inflate their lungs
    c) changing the volume and pressure of air
    in their mouth
    d) expanding and contracting the muscles of the rib cage
    a) changing the volume and pressurein their chest cavity
  11. Adult frogs, like other amphibians, are
    A) carnivores
    B) parasites
    C) herbivores
    D) omnivores
    A) carnivores
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following senses is not more developed in amphibians than
    in bony fishes?
    A) lateral line system
    B) smell
    C) vision
    D) hearing
    A) lateral line system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The series of changes in the life cycle of a frog is called
    A) synapsis
    B) evolution
    C) metamorphosis
    D) amniocentesis
    C) metamorphosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. During metamorphosis in frogs,
    a) lungs replace gills
    b) limbs develop
    c) the tail disappears
    d) all of the above
    d) all of the above
  15. Which of the following is not a method used by at least some frogs for caring for fertilized eggs as they develop?
    A) gastric-brooding
    B) keeping eggs in vocal sacs
    C) sitting on eggs
    D) laying egss on land
    D) laying egss on land
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The word amphibian is derived from Greek words meaning
    A) froglike
    B) first lunged
    C) fishlike
    D) double life
    D) double life
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following is not evidence that amphibians evolved from a lobe-finned fish?
    A) Amphibians are still alive, while lobe-finned fishes are extinct.
    B) The limb bones of amphibians are similar in shape and position to those of lobe-finned fishes.
    C)Amphibians' limb bones are used to support the body.
    D) Both amphibians and lobe-finned fishes have a skull and a vertebral column.
    A) Amphibians are still alive, while lobe-finned fishes are extinct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Amphibians have thin, moist skin
    A) to resist water loss.
    B) so that they can slip easily into tight places.
    C) because thin, moist skin cannot be eaten by a predator.
    D) to allow easier gas exchange.
    D) to allow easier gas exchange.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. All terrestrial heart
    A) must stay near water in order to reproduce.
    B) have thin, moist skin for gas exchange.
    C) have tracheal systems for delivering oxygen to cells.
    D) have a double-loop circulatory system.
    D) have a double-loop circulatory system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Pulmonary veins carry blood from the
    A) heart to the body.
    B) heart to the lungs.
    C) body to the heart.
    D) lungs to the heart.
    D) lungs to the heart.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is not a preadaptation in the transition from aquatic to terrestrial life?
    A) internal nostrils.
    B) a lateral line system.
    C) bone structure in the fins that worked like legs
    D) modified pouches in the digestive tract, which evolved into swim bladders.
    B) a lateral line system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Male frogs attract females by means of
    A) metamorphosis
    B) pheromones
    C) the amplexus
    D) vocalizations
    D) vocalizations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Frogs reproduce in water or moist places because their eggs
    a) are fertilized externally
    b) have a jelly-like coating that is permeable to water
    c) will dry out if removed from moisture
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  24. Which of the following is a reptilian adaptation to living on land?
    A) Respiration through gills
    B) Endothermic temperature regulation
    C) External fertilization
    D) The amniotic egg
    D) The amniotic egg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Reptiles are
    A) Ergothermic
    B) Endothermic
    C) Ectothermic
    d) None of the above
    C) Ectothermic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Unlike other living reptiles, crocodilians
    A) Are viviparous
    B) Have a three-chambered heart
    C) Care for their young after hatching
    D) Can shed their tails when attacked
    C) Care for their young after hatching
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Some animals are oviparous. This means their young
    A) Hatch from eggs laid outside the mother’s body
    B) Are born live from eggs that hatch within the mother’s body
    C) Continue to develop in the mother’s pouch
    D) Are nourished by placenta
    A) Hatch from eggs laid outside the mother’s body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The chorion and amnion are
    A) protective membranes in reptile, bird, and mammal eggs
    B) protective jelly-like coatings that surround amphibian eggs once they have been fertilized.
    C) species of primitive fish believed to have been ancestors of modern-day amphibians.
    D) chemical forms of nitrogen-containing waste found in aquatic and terrestrial animals.
    A) protective membranes in reptile, bird, and mammal eggs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Crcodilians are
    A) omnivorous
    B) herbivorous
    C) carnivorous during the winter months and herbivorous during the summer months
    D) carnivorous
    D) carnivorous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Autotomy in lizards and other animals is the ability to
    A) capture enough prey to meet survival needs
    B) maintain warm body temperature by basking in sunlight
    C) detach a limb when attacked by a predator
    D) lay eggs that hatch without requiring incubation by a parent’s body
    C) detach a limb when attacked by a predator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Snakes are reptiles for the order
    A) Saurischia
    B) Ichthysauria
    C) Testudines
    D) Squamata
    D) Squamata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The heat-sensing organs between the eyes and nostril on each side of the head of a rattlesnake are the
    A) tracheal organs
    B) jacobson’s organs
    C) thermal organs
    D) pit organs
    D) pit organs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Scientific evidence suggests that birds arose from
    A) amphibians
    B) protozoa
    C) mammals
    D) dinosaurs
    D) dinosaurs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The earliest flying vertebrates were
    A) birds
    B) mammals
    C) squirrels
    D) dinosaurs
    D) dinosaurs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following is not a function of contour feathers?
    A) flight
    B) coloration
    C) food capture
    D) insulation
    C) food capture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A bird’s skeleton is
    a) composed of thin, hollow bones
    b) more rigid than a reptile’s
    c) composed of many fused bones
    d) all of the above
    d) all of the above
  37. Birds excrete most of their nitrogenous wastes as
    A) urine
    B) urea
    C) ammonia
    D) uric acid
    D) uric acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following statements is not a true statement providing evidence for the hypothesis that birds evolved from a dinosaur ancestor?
    A) Some dinosaurs had feathers.
    B) Dinosaurs lack a collarbone, as do birds.
    C) Some dinosaurs were endothermic.
    D)The neck of dinosaurs was S-shaped
    B) Dinosaurs lack a collarbone, as do birds.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The tuataras are named for the
    a) spiny crest on their back.
    c) the islands they inhabit.
    b) large size.
    d) the prey they eat.
    a) spiny crest on their back.
  40. a bird's heart has
    A. four chambers
    B. one chamber
    C. two chambers
    D. three chambers
    A. four chambers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. lungs and air sacs are structures of the respiratory system of a(n)
    A. amphibian
    B. reptile
    C. bird
    D. fish
    C. bird
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The eggs of reptiles, birds, and mammals are surrounded by
    A. the yolk
    B. the placenta
    C. watertight membranes
    D. a water-permeable coating
    C. watertight membranes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The outermost membrane of a reptilian egg is the
    A. mitotic membrane
    B. allantois
    C. chorion
    D. yolk sac
    C. chorion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which of the following associations between a bird order and a member of the order is incorrect?
    A. Apodiformes - hummingbird
    B. Galliformes - turkey
    C. Psittaciformes - parrot
    D. Passeriformes - swan
    D. Passeriformes - swan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Melodious songs are characteristics of ______ songbirds.
    A. female
    B. female and male
    C. male
    D. young
    C. male
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The syrinx of a bird functions in
    A. flight
    B. marking time
    C. capturing prey
    D. producing songs
    D. producing songs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The syrinx is located at the base of a bird's
    A. lungs
    B. trachea
    C. mouth
    D. esophagus
    B. trachea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Mammals, as well as birds, have
    A. air sacs
    B. teeth
    C. a four-chambered heart
    d. All of the above
    C. a four-chambered heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The large eye sockets on early mammals suggest that the mammals
    A. did not have to turn their heads to look to the side
    B. could see in the back of their heads
    C. were active at night
    D. lived in caves
    C. were active at night
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. What adaptions did therapsids and mammals share?
    a. endothermy
    b. hair
    c. legs beneath the body
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  51. Mammals arose from early reptiles called
    A. ichthyosaurs
    B. mesosaurs
    C. pterosaurs
    D. therapsids
    D. therapsids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which of the following statements about the earliest mammals is true?
    A. they coexisted with dinosaurs but did not compete with them for food and other resources
    B. they first appeared after the extinction of the dinosaurs
    C. they were large and preyed on many small dinosaurs
    D. the outcompeted dinosaurs for food and other resources, resulting in the dinosaurs' extinction
    A. they coexisted with dinosaurs but did not compete with them for food and other resources
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. The sheet of muscle at the bottom of the rib cage of mammals is called the
    A. diaphragm
    B. placenta
    C. metabolic sheet
    D. secondary palate
    A. diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. The skin of reptiles is
    A. moist and watertight
    B. moist and thin
    C. dry and watertight
    D. dry and nearly watertight
    C. dry and watertight
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Evaporation of body water can be limited by
    a. mucus on amphibians
    b. a waxy coating on spiders
    c. reptilian scales
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  56. Reptiles, except for alligators and crocodiles, have a heart that has
    A. two atria and two partially divided ventricles
    B. two atria and two ventricles
    C. one atrium and two partially divided ventricles
    D. two atria and one partially divided ventricle
    D. two atria and one partially divided ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. While frogs breathe by changing the air pressure in their mouths, reptiles breathe by
    a. expanding and contracting the muscles of their lungs
    b. contracting the rib cage
    c. changing the air pressure in their thorax
    d. taking in air they encounter as they move
  58. Endothermic animals
    A. are found among the reptiles
    B. have bodies whose metabolisms maintain a constant internal temperature
    C. have body temperatures that are not stable
    D. are coldblooded
    B. have bodies whose metabolisms maintain a constant internal temperature
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Which of the following is not a reason for the success of the dinosaurs?
    A. a predominantly carnivorous diet
    B. reduced competition
    C. legs positioned directly under the body
    D. adaptations to a dry climate
    A. a predominantly carnivorous diet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Turtles belong to the order
    A. rhynchocephalia
    B. chelonia
    C. squamata
    D. crocodilia
    B. chelonia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Unlike other reptiles, turtles and tortoises
    A. do not have teeth
    B. are prehistoric
    C. are endangered
    D. live only in water
    A. do not have teeth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Birds are different from reptiles in that they
    a. are endothermic
    b. have feathers covering their bodies
    c. have four-chambered hearts
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  63. Which of the following characteristics of birds is not found in Archaeopteryx?
    A. wishbone
    B. beak
    C. feathers
    D. ability to fly
    B. beak
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. The first wings appearing on animals are thought to have been used for
    a. movement on the ground or in the air
    b. capture of prey
    c. stabilization
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  65. Feathers
    A. took the place of scales as the body covering of birds
    B. are found on all birds and some mammals
    C. usually have a shaft and four vanes
    D. evolved as a deterrent to insects
    A. took the place of scales as the body covering of birds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which of the following would contour feathers most closely resemble when seen under a microscope?
    A. the wing of an airplane
    B. a chain-link fence
    C. a parachute
    D. a piece of paper
    B. a chain-link fence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. The bones of birds
    A. are found only sparingly throughout the body
    B. are composed primarily of furcula
    C. are thin and hollow
    D. are solid
    C. are thin and hollow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. A bird's crop
    A. often contains small stones that the bird has swallowed
    B. temporarily stores food
    C. is critical for flight
    D. is the first chamber of its stomach
    B. temporarily stores food
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Food taken into a bird's body is ground up in the
    A. gizzard
    B. mouth
    C. crop
    D. small intestines
    A. gizzard
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Bird respiration is very efficient because
    A. a system of air sacs permits birds to have oxygenated air in their lungs during both inhalation and exhalation
    B. a special set of blood vessels helps conserve oxygen
    C. only one lung functions at a time
    D. bird lungs are small and hollow
    A. a system of air sacs permits birds to have oxygenated air in their lungs during both inhalation and exhalation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Talons would most likely be found among birds that
    A. eat seeds
    B. drink the nectar of flowers
    C. live in water
    D. capture their prey
    D. capture their prey
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Large, flat feet would most likely be found on birds that
    A. are predators
    B. cannot fly
    C. fly
    D. eat insects
    B. cannot fly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. A recently developed way to infer relationships among species of birds is the study of
    A. fossils
    B. bone structures
    C. feathers
    D. DNA
    D. DNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. The asteroid impact hypothesis suggests that the mass extinction of dinosaurs was the result of
    A. sunspots that disrupted Earth's weather
    B. a massive volcanic eruption
    C. a meteorite that struke Earth and caused thick dust clouds
    D. an ice age that cooled Earth 65 million years ago
    C. a meteorite that struke Earth and caused thick dust clouds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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87082
Card Set
Biology II Final Review
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