Toxicololgy

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Author:
HuskerDevil
ID:
87085
Filename:
Toxicololgy
Updated:
2011-05-21 22:24:32
Tags:
DPAP2012 Toxicology
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Description:
Toxicology cards made by previous students
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  1. ethanol distributes in __ phase of both plasma and erythrocytes
    water
  2. ethanol levels are usually measured on __ specimens for uniformity
    whole blood
  3. clearance of alcohol from the bloodstream is by zero-order kinetics, meaning __
    clearance occurs at a constant rate independent of concentration
  4. BAC of __% = slight mood alterations, mild sedation
    0.02
  5. BAC of __% = lowered inhibition, impairment of judgment and less rational decisions
    0.06
  6. BAC of __% = decreased reaction time (legally drunk)
    0.08
  7. BAC of __% = impaired balance and coordination
    0.15
  8. BAC of __% = decreased pain and sensation
    0.2
  9. BAC of __% = diminished reflexes, semi-conscious
    0.3
  10. BAC of __% = loss of consciousness, very limited reflexes
    0.4
  11. BAC of __% = death
    0.5
  12. United States mandatory BAC limit for public driving > or = __%
    0.08
  13. United States mandatory BAC limit for public transportation employees (bus drivers) > or = __%
    0.01
  14. United States mandatory BAC limit for pilots > or = __% (also no alcohol in the last 8 hours)
    0.04
  15. wood alcohol
    methanol
  16. rubbing alcohol
    isopropanol
  17. antifreeze
    ethylene glycol
  18. Enzymatic assays utilizing alcohol dehydrogenase reaction may detect __
    all alcohols
  19. gas liquid chromatography provides __ results
    qualitative and quantitative results
  20. applies to the handling of evidence and its integrity
    chain of custody
  21. lab abnormalities associated with chronic alcohol use
    macrocytosis, anemia, elevations in AST, ALT, GGT, CDT
  22. the two methods of pathology of cocaine
    direct effect on sympathetic tone (vasoconstrictor), direct toxicity to myocardium
  23. false positive on screening for __ is high (NSAIDS, passive exposure)
    cannabinoids
  24. is lipophilic and may stay in the system from days to weeks
    THC
  25. Serum drug screen at Duke is used primarily for overdose and ETOH. It includes
    acetaminophen, salicylate, tricyclics, ethanol
  26. amphetamine/methamphetamine can be detected in the blood for
    2-3 days
  27. benzodiazepines can be detected in the blood for
    up to 4 weeks
  28. cocaine can be detected in the blood for
    2-4 hours
  29. cocaine metabolites may be detected in the blood for
    3-5 days
  30. opiates can be detected in the blood for
    minutes
  31. THC can be detected in the blood for
    up to 1 month
  32. PCP can be detected in the blood for
    2-3 days

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