Chapter 4

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  1. What are a group of cells that work together?
  2. What is histology?
    The study of tissues
  3. What are the 4 different types of tissues?
    Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
  4. What does avascular mean?
    Without blood
  5. What tissue is the most abundant?
  6. What does epithelial tissue do?
    Covers body surfaces/ lines cavities
  7. What does connective tissue do?
    Binds things together
  8. What is the only tissue with a matrix?
  9. What does muscular tissue do?
    Contracts for movement
  10. What does nervous tissue do?
    Generates and transmitts electrical impulse
  11. How is epithelial tissue classified?
    • 1. Shape
    • 2. Arrangement
  12. What are the different shapes of epithelial tissue?
    • 1.Squamous
    • 2.Cubodial
    • 3.Columnar
    • 4.Transitional
  13. What is Keratin?
    Clear protein- H20 proofer
  14. What is Cillia?
    Hairlike structures for movement
  15. What is Villi?
    Fingerlike projections for absorption
  16. What does a Goblet cell do?
    Secretes mucus
  17. What are the 3 types of glands?
    • 1. Exocrine
    • 2. Endocrine
    • 3. Dual Gland
  18. Explain Exocrine glands
    They have no ducts- ex:sweat and oil
  19. Explain Endocrine glands
    • No ducts
    • Secretes hormones
    • ex: pituitary gland, thyroid gland
  20. What are the 2 types of connective tissue?
    • 1. Embryonic Connective Tissue
    • 2. Adult Connective Tissue
  21. What are the 2 types of embryonic connective tissue?
    • 1. Messenchyme
    • 2. Mucous Connective Tissue (Warton's Jelly)
  22. What is Messenchyme?
    That connective tissue from which all other connective tissue derives
  23. What is Mucous Connective Tissue?
    Placenta/ Umbillical Cord
  24. When does adult connective tissue form?
    At Birth
  25. What are the 4 types of connective tissue?
    • 1. Connective tissue proper
    • 2. Cartilage
    • 3. Osseous Tissue (Bone)
    • 4.Vascular Tissue (Blood)
  26. What are the 5 types of connective tissue proper?
    • 1. Loose (Areolar) Connective Tissue
    • 2. Adipose Tissue
    • 3. Dense(Collangenous) Tissue
    • 4. Elastic Connective Tissue
    • 5. Reticular tissue
  27. What is the location and function of areolar connective tissue?
    • Loc-dermis
    • Fx-hold skin in place
  28. What is the location and function of adipose tissues?
    • Loc-subcutaneous layer of skin, hips, thighs, buttocks
    • Fx- insulator
  29. What is the fx and loc of dense( collangenous) connective tissue?
    • Fx- holds bones and muscles together
    • Loc- ligaments, tendons, aponeuroses
  30. What color is collagenous connective tissue?
  31. What is the fx and loc of elastic connective tissue?
    • Fx- flexibility
    • Loc- vocal cords, epiglottis
  32. What seperates muscle?
  33. Where is reticular tissue located?
    Around organs-liver, kidney, gallbladder, spleen
  34. What color is reticular tissue?
  35. How do ligaments connect?
    Bone to bone
  36. How do tendons connect?
    muscle to bone
  37. How do aponeuroses connect?
    Muscle to muscle
  38. What is the only connective tissue that is avascular?
  39. What are the 3 types of cartilage?
    • 1. Hyaline cartilage
    • 2. Elastic cartilage
    • 3. Fibrocartilage
  40. Name the fx and loc for hyaline cartilage
    • fx- support and strength
    • loc- embryomic skeleton
  41. What cartilage is most abundant?
  42. What cartilage is mostly reticular?
  43. What cartilage is mostly made up of elastin tissue?
    Elastic cartilage
  44. Name the loc and fx of elastic cartilage
    • loc- ear flaps
    • fx- flexibility
  45. What is Fibrocartilage made up of?
  46. What is the fx and loc of fibrocartilage?
    • Fx- strength and support
    • Loc- intervertebral disc, menicus
  47. What is the loc and fx of osseous(bone) tissue?
    • Loc- skeleton
    • Fx- support, calcium storage, blood cell formation
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Chapter 4
2011-05-22 05:31:22

classification of tissues
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