antibiotics 2

Card Set Information

antibiotics 2
2011-05-29 05:25:40

antibiotics 2
Show Answers:

  1. Indications of ciprofloxacin?
    • Complicated UTIs
    • Bone or joint infections
    • Epididymo-orchitis
    • Meningococcal prophylaxis
  2. Precautions of ciprofloxacin?
    renal impairment

    neurological -may induce seizures
  3. Adverse effects of ciprofloxacin?
    Rash, itch, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, dyspepsia

  4. Dosage of ciprofloxacin?
    Oral, 250–500 mg twice daily. Maximum 1.5 g daily.
  5. Counselling for ciprofloxacin?
    Ciprofloxacin is absorbed best if you take it 1 hour before, or 2 hours after, meals; drink plenty of fluids while taking it.

    • Dairyproducts, antacids, iron, zinc or calcium supplements may reduce the absorption of ciprofloxacin; do not take them within 2 hours of a
    • ciprofloxacin dose.

    It may increase the effects of caffeine in some people; you may need to reduce your caffeine intake.

    Avoid sun exposure, wear protective clothing and use sunscreen.
  6. Indications for chlorampheincol?
    Severe typhoid/paratyphoid fever when quinolones or broad-spectrum cephalosporins are unsuitable

    Eye infections
  7. Precautions of chloramphenicol?
    Combination with other drugs causing bone marrow depression increases risk of toxicity.Haemolysis may occur in G6PD deficiency
  8. adverse effects of chloramphenicol?
    Nausea, vomiting, headache, reversible bone marrow suppression
  9. Dose of chloramphenicol?
    12.5–25 mg/kg every 6 hours. Maximum 4 g daily.
  10. Counselling of chlorampheniol?
    • Tell your doctor if you get pale skin, sore throat, fever, tiredness or weakness, or unusual bleeding or bruising in the months after you stop
    • taking this medicine.
  11. Indications for trimethoprim?
    • Empirical treatment for uncomplicated lower UTIs
    • Prostatis
  12. Precautions of trimethoprim?
    Drugs that cause potassium retention

    Renal Impairment

    Avoid in first trimester of pregnancy
  13. Adverse Effects of trimethoprim?
    fever, itch, rash, nausea, vomiting, hyperkalaemia
  14. Dosage of trimethorpim?
    300 mg at night for 3 day for uncomplicated UTI

    150 mg at night.for prophylaxis
  15. Indications for Triamcinolone, neomycin, nystatin and gramicidin?
    Otitis externia
  16. Precautions of Triamcinolone, neomycin, nystatin and gramicidin
    perforated ear drum
  17. Adverse effects of Triamcinolone, neomycin, nystatin and gramicidin
    allergic dermatitis after prolonged use, particularly with neomycin and clioquinol
  18. Dosage of a Triamcinolone, neomycin, nystatin and gramicidin
    • 3 drops 2-3 times daily
    • or if using ointment, apply 2-3 times daily
  19. Counselling for Triamcinolone, neomycin, nystatin and gramicidin
    If you develop ringing in the ears, hearing loss or difficulty with balance, stop using this medication and tell your doctor.
  20. Contraindication for influenza vaccine?
    anaphylaxis to eggs - contraindicated
  21. Precautions to influenza vaccine?
    Acute illness - ensure patient is well before giving
  22. Adverse effects of invluenza vaccine?
    fever, malaise, myalgia, headache (these reactions may last 1–2 days)
  23. Dose of fluad
    Panvax H1N1
    • >65 years 0.5mL
    • Intanza- 18-59years 0.1mL
    • Panvax H1N1 older than 3, give 0.5mL
    • 6 months - 3 years 0.25mL
  24. Counselling of influenza vaccine?
    • Tell the person/parent/guardian:of the need to remain in area for at least 15 minutes after vaccination
    • how to manage common adverse events that may occur after immunisation (provide a contact phone number for reporting significant adverse
    • effects occurring within 24–48 hours of vaccination)
    • that routine use of paracetamol to prevent fever, at the time of vaccination, is no longer recommended except for children with a history of seizures
    • that tepid sponging of child to reduce fever is no longer routinely recommended as it may cause vasoconstriction, reducing heat elimination
    • and increasing temperature
    • the date of next scheduled vaccination (preferably in writing).
  25. Indications for rifampicin?
    • Other mycobacterial infections
    • TB with other drugs
  26. Precautions of rifampicin?
    Treatment with combined saquinavir and ritonavir—contraindicated.
  27. Adverse effects of rifampicin?
    • Arthralgia and myalgia, - in first few weeks
    • headache, dizziness, drowsiness,GI symptoms, range/red colouration of body fluids
  28. Dose of rifampicin?
    600mg or less daily
  29. Counselling of rifampicin?
    • Rifampicin is absorbed best if you take it at least half an hour before food. Take it regularly, as stop–start dosing can cause flu-like illnesses.
    • Regular blood tests