epilepsy

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Author:
jmartin9
ID:
87113
Filename:
epilepsy
Updated:
2011-05-22 04:47:45
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epilepsy
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epilepsy
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  1. Indications for topiramate?
    Partial seiozures
  2. Precautions of topimerate?
    History of psychiatric disorders

    Renal impairmnet

    Women should consider an IUD since the pills effectiveness is reduced with topimerate
  3. Adverse effects of topimerate?
    fatigue, headache, diziness, depression, impaired concentratihg, weight gain

    psychosis, taste disturbances
  4. Dosage of topimerate?
    25–50 mg once daily at bedtime. may increase upto 100-200mg daily

    Migraine prevention: 25-50mg once daily at bedtime
  5. Counselling of topimerate?
    • Topiramate may make you feel drowsy or dizzy especially when you start treatment or the dose is increased; if affected, do not drive or
    • operate machinery.

    Avoid alcohol as it may worsen some of the side effects of topiramate.

    Tell your doctor immediately if your eyesight changes or you have eye pain.

    Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly unless your doctor tells you to.
  6. Indications for Sodium Valproate?
    Primary generalised epilepsy

    simple and complex partial seizures

    In bipolar if other treatment has failed
  7. Contra indications for sodium valproate?
    Severe hepatic impairment
  8. Adverse effects of sodium valproate?
    nausea, vomiting, increased appetite, weight gain

    menstrual irregularities, abnormal bleeding time
  9. Dose of sodium valproate?
    600 mg daily in 2 doses; increase every 3 days by 200 mg daily according to response. Max 2.5g daily

    Migrain prevention: oral 200–400 mg twice daily.
  10. Counselling for sodium valproate?
    Take with food to reduce stomach upset.

    Swallow the enteric coated tablets whole; do not crush or chew them.

    Valproate may make you feel drowsy; if affected, do not drive or operate machinery.

    This medicine may also increase the effects of alcohol.

    Your appetite may increase when taking this medicine and you may need to pay more attention to your diet to avoid weight gain.

    Tell your doctor immediately if symptoms such as fever, rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, jaundice, bruising or bleeding develop.

    Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly unless your doctor tells you to.
  11. Indications for carbamazepine?
    Epilepsy, including simple and complex partial seizures, and generalised tonic-clonic seizures
  12. Contradinications for carbemazepine?
    • History of bone marrow depression
    • AV conduction abnomalaties
  13. Adverse effects of carbemazepine?
    drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, diplopia, headache (all dose-related), rash, dry mouth, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhoea, constipation,
  14. Dosage of carbemazepine?
    100 mg twice daily; increase by 100–200 mg every 2 weeks according to response. up to 2 g daily
  15. Counselling of carbemazepine?
    • Take with food to help prevent stomach upset. Swallow controlled release tablets whole; do not chew or crush them.
    • This medicine may cause drowsiness, dizziness or blurred vision especially at the start of treatment or when the dose is increased; if affected, do
    • not drive or operate machinery.
    • Carbamazepine may also increase the effects of alcohol.
    • Thismedicine interacts with grapefruit juice and many other drugs; avoid grapefruit juice and tell your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking carbamazepine before starting any new medication including herbal and over-the-counter products.
    • Tell your doctor immediately if rash, sore throat, fever, mouth ulcers, bruising or bleeding occur.
    • Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly unless your doctor tells you to.
  16. indications for lamotrogine?
    Partial and generalised seizures
  17. Precautions of lamotrogine?
    Treatment with valproate - increases lamotrigine concentration

    allergy or rash with other antiepileptics - increases risk of rash
  18. Adverse effects of lamotrigine?
    diplopia, blurred vision, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, maculopapular rash
  19. Doseage of lamotrigine?
    25 mg once daily for 2 weeks, then 50 mg once daily for 2 weeks, then increase by 50–100 mg daily every 1–2 weeks
  20. councelling for lamotrogine?
    • Tablets may be swallowed whole, chewed or dispersed in a small volume of water.
    • This medicine may cause drowsiness, dizziness or blurred vision; if affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
    • Lamotrigine may also increase the effects of alcohol.
    • Tell your doctor immediately if you develop a rash, fever or swollen glands.
    • Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly unless your doctor tells you to.

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