A liability backed by the general reputation and credit standing of the debtor.
A promise to receive cash from customers to whom the business has sold goods or for whom the business has performed services.
The information system that measures business activities, processes that information into reports,and communicates the results to decision makers.
The basic tool of accounting, measuring the resources of the business and the claims to those resources: Assets = Liabilities + Stockholdes' Equity.
An economic resource that is expected to be of benefit in the future.
An examination of a company's financial situation.
The acceptance by the state of the Corporate by-laws.
An entity's asset, liabilities, and stockholders' equity as of a specific date. Also called the STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION.
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
A licensed accountant who works for a single company.
Certified Public Accountants (CPAs)
Licensed accountants who serve the general public rather then one particular company.
Documents that gives the state's permission to form a corporation.
Represents the basic ownership of every corporation.
The amount invested in the corporation by its owners, the stockholders.
A business owned by stockholders. A corporation begins when the state approves its articles of incorporation and the first share of stock is issued. It is a legal entity, an "artificial person," in the eyes of the law.
A principle that states that acquired assets and services should be recorded at their actual cost.
Those to whom a business owes money.
Distributions by a corporation to its stockholders.
An organization or a section of an organization that, for accounting purposes, stands apart from other organizations and individuals as a separate economic unit.
The claims of corporation's owners to the asset of the business. Also called SHAREHOLDERS EQUITY or STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY or OWNERS' EQUITY.
Decrease in equity that occurs from using assets or increasing liabilities in the course of delivering goods or services to customers.
The branch of accounting that focuses on information for people outside the firm.
Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
The private organization that determines how accounting is practiced in the United States.
Documents that report on a business in monetary amounts, providing information to help people make informed business decisions.
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
Accounting guidelines, formulated by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, that govern how accountants measure, process, and communicate financial information.
This concept assumes that the entity will remain in operation for the foreseeable future.
Summary of an entity's revenues, expenses, and net income or net loss for a specific period. Also called the STATEMENT OF EARNINGS or the STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS.
Economic obligations (dept) payable to an individual or an organization outside tge business.
Company in which each member is only liable for his or her own actions or those under his or her control.
Company in which each partner is only liable for his or her own actions or those under his or her control.
The branch of accounting that focuses on information for internal decision makers of a business.
The ability of partners in a partnership to commit other partners and the business to contract.
Excess of total revenues over total expenses. Also called NET EARNINGS or NET PROFIT.
Excess of total expenses over total revenues.
Principle that asserts that data are verifiable and objective. Also called the RELIABILITY PRINCIPLE.
The claim of a corporation's owners to the assets of business. Also called SHAREHOLDERS' or STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY.
The amount invested in the corporation by its owners, the stockholders. Also called CONTRIBUTED CAPITAL.
A business with two or more owners and not organized as a corporation.
A business with a single owner.
Principle that asserts that data are verifiable and objective. Also called OBJECTIVITY PRINCIPLE.
The amount earned over the life of the business by income-producing activities and kept (retained) for use in the business.
Amount earned by delivering goods or services to customers. Revenues increas retained earnings.
A person who owns stock in a corporation.
The claim of a corporation's owners to the assets of the bussiness. Also called OWNERS' or STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY.
Stable monetary unit concept
The concept that says that accountants assume that the dollar's purchasing power is stable.
Statement of cash flow
Report of cash reciepts and cash payments during a period.
Statement of earnings
Summary of an entity's revenues, expenses, and net income or net loss for a specific period. Also called INCOME STATEMENT or the STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS.
Statement of financial position
An entity's assets, liabilities, and owners' equity as of a specific date. Also called the BALANCE SHEET.
Statement of operations
Summary of an entity's revenues, expenses, and net income or net loss for a specific period. Also called the INCOME STATEMENT ir STATEMENT OF EARNINGS.
Statement of retained earnings
Summary of the chamges in an entity's retained earnings during a specific period.
A document indicating ownership of a corporation. The holders of stock are called STOCKHOLDERS or SHAREHOLDERS.
A person whi owns stock in a corporation. Also called SHAREHOLDER.
The claim of a corporation owners to the assets of the business. Also called OWNERS' EQUITY or SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY.
An event that affects the financial position of a particular entity and can be measured and recorded reliably.