Combining Forms

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Author:
JeremyChrist
ID:
87152
Filename:
Combining Forms
Updated:
2011-05-23 12:05:20
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Medical Terminology
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Description:
Medical Terms - combining forms, suffices, prefixes.
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. amni/o
    amnion (sac of fluid surrounding the embryo)
  3. angi/o
    vessel (usually a blood vessel)
  4. arteri/o
    artery
  5. arthro/o
    joint
  6. ather/o
    plaque (a yellow, fatty material)
  7. axill/o
    armpit (underarm)
  8. bronch/o
    bronchial tube
  9. bronchi/o
    bronchial tube
  10. carcin/o
    cancerous
  11. cardio/o
    heart
  12. chem/o
    drug; also chemical
  13. cholescyst/o
    gallbladder
  14. chron/o
    time
  15. col/o
    colon (large intestine or bowel)
  16. crani/o
    skull
  17. cry/o
    cold
  18. cyst/o
    urinary bladder; also a sac of fluid or a cyst
  19. electr/o
    electricity
  20. encephal/o
    brain
  21. erythr/o
    red
  22. esophag/o
    esophagus (tube leading from the throat to the stomach)
  23. hem/o
    blood
  24. hemat/o
    blood
  25. hepat/o
    liver
  26. hyster/o
    uterus
  27. inguin/o
    groin (area in which the thigh meets the trunk of the body)
  28. isch/o
    to hold back
  29. lapar/o
    abdomen (abdominal wall)
  30. laryng/o
    voice box (larynx)
  31. leuk/o
    white
  32. mamm/o
    breast (use with -ARY, -GRAPHY, -GRAM, and -PLASTY)
  33. mast/o
    breast (use with -ECTOMY and -ITIS
  34. men/o
    menses (menstruation); month
  35. mening/o
    meninges (membranes around the brain and spinal cord)
  36. my/o
    muscle
  37. myel/o
    spinal cord (nervous tissue connected to the brain and located within the spinal column or backbone); in other terms, MYEL/O means bone marrow (the soft, inner part of bones, where blood cells are made)
  38. necr/o
    death (of cells)
  39. nephr/o
    kidney (use with all suffixes, except -AL and -GRAM; use REN/O with -AL and -GRAM)
  40. neur/o
    nerve
  41. oophor/o
    ovary
  42. oste/o
    bone
  43. ot/o
    ear
  44. pelv/o
    hip area
  45. peritoneo/o
    peritoneum (membrane surrounding the organs in the abdominal cavity)
  46. phleb/o
    vein
  47. pneumon/o
    lung
  48. pulmon/o
    lung
  49. radi/o
    x-rays
  50. ren/o
    kidney (use with -AL and -GRAM)
  51. rhin/o
    nose
  52. salping/o
    fallopian (uterine) tube
  53. sarc/o
    flesh
  54. septic/o
    pertaining to infection
  55. thorac/o
    chest
  56. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  57. trache/o
    windpipe; trachea
  58. ur/o
    urine or urea (waste material); urinary tract
  59. vascul/o
    blood vessel
  60. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  61. adenoid/o
    adenoids
  62. adren/o
    adrenal gland
  63. alveol/o
    alveolus (air sac within lung)
  64. an/o
    anus
  65. anter/o
    front
  66. aort/o
    aorta
  67. append/o, appendic/o
    appendix
  68. arteriol/o
    small artery
  69. aur/o
    ear
  70. balan/o
    penis
  71. bari/o
    weight
  72. bi/o
    life
  73. blephar/o
    eyelid
  74. bronchiol/o
    small bronchial tube
  75. calcane/o
    calcaneus (heel bone)
  76. capillar/o
    capillary
  77. carp/o
    wrist bones (carpals)
  78. cephal/o
    head
  79. cerebell/o
    cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
  80. cerebr/o
    cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
  81. cervic/o
    neck
  82. choledoch/o
    common bile duct
  83. chondr/o
    cartilage
  84. cis/o
    to cut
  85. clavicul/o
    clavicle (collarbone)
  86. coccyg/o
    tailbone
  87. colon/o
    colon
  88. colp/o
    vagina
  89. comi/o
    to care for
  90. coni/o
    dust
  91. coron/o
    heart
  92. cost/o
    rib
  93. crin/o
    secrete
  94. cutane/o
    skin
  95. cyan/o
    blue
  96. cyt/o
    cell
  97. dactyl/o
    fingers or toes
  98. dermat/o, derm/o
    skin
  99. duoden/o
    duodenum
  100. dur/o
    dura mater
  101. endocrin/o
    endocrine glands
  102. endometr/o, endometri/o
    endometrium (inner lining of the uterus)
  103. enter/o
    intestines
  104. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  105. epitheli/o
    skin (surface tissue)
  106. esthesi/o
    sensation
  107. femor/o
    femur, thigh bone
  108. fibr/o
    fibrous tissue
  109. fibul/o
    fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
  110. gastr/o
    stomach
  111. gen/o
    to produce
  112. ger/o
    old age
  113. glyc/o
    sugar
  114. gnos/o
    knowledge
  115. gynec/o
    woman, female
  116. humer/o
    humerus (upper arm bone)
  117. hydr/o
    water
  118. hypophys/o
    pituitary gland
  119. iatr/o
    treatment
  120. ile/o
    ileum (third part of small intestine)
  121. ili/o
    ilium (upper part of hip bone)
  122. jejun/o
    jejunum
  123. later/o
    side
  124. ligament/o
    ligament
  125. leiomy/o
    smooth muscle
  126. lip/o
    fat
  127. lith/o
    stone
  128. lumb/o
    loin, waist region
  129. lymph/o
    lymph
  130. lymphaden/o
    lymph nodes
  131. lymphangi/o
    lymph vessel
  132. lys/o
    separation, breakdown, destruction
  133. mediastin/o
    mediastinum
  134. medull/o
    medulla oblongata (lower part of brain)
  135. metacarp/o
    metacarpals (hand bones)
  136. metatars/o
    metatarsals (foot bones)
  137. metr/o, metri/o
    uterus; to measure
  138. muscul/o
    muscle
  139. myos/o
    muscle
  140. myring/o
    eardrum
  141. nas/o
    nose
  142. nat/i
    birth
  143. norm/o
    rule, order
  144. nos/o
    disease
  145. obstetr/o
    midwife
  146. ocul/o
    eye
  147. odont/o
    tooth
  148. onc/o
    tumor
  149. onycho/o
    nail
  150. o/o
    egg
  151. ophthalm/o
    eye
  152. opt/o, optic/o
    eye
  153. or/o
    mouth
  154. orch/o
    testicle, testis
  155. orchi/o
    testicle, testis
  156. orchid/o
    testicle, testis
  157. orth/o
    straight
  158. osm/o
    smell
  159. oste/o
    bone
  160. ovari/o
    ovary
  161. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  162. parathyroid/o
    parathyroid gland
  163. path/o
    disease
  164. ped/o
    child
  165. perone/o
    fibula
  166. phak/o
    lens of the eye
  167. phalang/o
    phalanges (finger and toe bones)
  168. pharyng/o
    pharynx, throat
  169. phren/o
    diaphragm
  170. phren/o
    mind
  171. pituitar/o
    pituitary gland
  172. plas/o
    formation, growth, development
  173. pleur/o
    pleura (membranes surrounding the lungs)
  174. pneum/o
    air, lung
  175. poster/o
    back, behind
  176. prosth/o
    artificial replacement
  177. proct/o
    anus and rectum
  178. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  179. psych/o
    mind
  180. pyel/o
    renal pelvis (central section of the kidney)
  181. rect/o
    rectum
  182. ren/o
    kidney
  183. retin/o
    retina of the eye
  184. rhabdomy/o
    striated (skeletal muscle)
  185. rheumat/o
    flow, fluid
  186. sacr/o
    sacrum
  187. scapul/o
    shoulder blade (bone)
  188. scrot/o
    scrotal sac, scrotum
  189. sept/o
    infection
  190. son/o
    sound
  191. spin/o
    backbone, spine, vertebra
  192. splen/o
    spleen
  193. spondyl/o
    vertebra, backbone
  194. stern/o
    sternum (breastbone)
  195. stomat/o
    mouth
  196. tendin/o, ten/o
    tendon
  197. theli/o, thel/o
    nipple
  198. thromb/o
    clot
  199. thym/o
    thymus gland
  200. thyr/o, thyroid/o, thyroaden/o
    thyroid gland
  201. tibi/o
    tibia or shin bone (larger lower leg bone)
  202. top/o
    to put, place
  203. troph/o
    development, nourishment
  204. tympan/o
    eardrum
  205. uln/o
    ulna (medial lower arm bone)
  206. ungu/o
    nail
  207. ureter/o
    ureter
  208. urethr/o
    urethra
  209. uter/o
    uterus
  210. vagin/o
    vagina
  211. vas/o
    vessel, vas deferens
  212. ven/o
    vein
  213. venul/o
    venule
  214. vertebr/o
    vertebra, backbone
  215. vesic/o
    urinary bladder

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