Skeletal System

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Author:
genrip22
ID:
87197
Filename:
Skeletal System
Updated:
2011-05-22 16:00:44
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Skeletal System
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Description:
Skeletal System
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  1. What are the five shapes of bones?
    • long
    • flat
    • short
    • irregular
    • sesamoid
  2. destroy warn out bone
    osteoclasts
  3. builds bone (growth and repair)
    osteoblasts
  4. immovable joints:
    skull structures
  5. slighty moveable:
    between vertebrae
  6. Freely moveable joints:
    • shoulder
    • knee
    • elbow
  7. Hinge joints-
    • elbow
    • knee
    • fingers
  8. ball and socket joints:
    • (most moveable joint) hip
    • shoulders
  9. Gliding joints-
    • (bones slide past each other)
    • wrist
    • ankle
  10. Saddle joint:
    opposable thumb
  11. Pivot joint:
    • (rotates and twists)
    • elbow
    • atlas/axis
  12. lifting foot
    dorsiflexion
  13. pointing toe
    plantarflexion
  14. decreases angle of joint and two bones come closer together
    flexion
  15. increases angle of joint; hyperextension
    extension
  16. moving away from midline
    abduction
  17. moving toward midline
    adduction
  18. _____ skeleton (support) skull, spine, ribcage
    axial
  19. _______ skeleton (movement) pectoral girdle, arm, pelvic girdle, legs
    appendicular
  20. outer covering of the bone; protects
    Periosteum
  21. loacted in the epiphysis of bones and contains marrow.
    spongy bone
  22. dense bone that forms the stout walls of the diaphysis in long bones and the thinner outer surface of other bones.
    compact bone
  23. the cavity of the diaphysis that contains red marrow in the young bones but as the bones occur it turns to yellow marrow.
    medullary cavity
  24. the end of a long bone
    epiphysis
  25. (growth plate) marks the end of growth in an adult.
    Epiphysial line
  26. the shaft or central part of a long bone
    diaphysis
  27. produces red blood cells; located in the epiphysis (ends)
    red marrow
  28. stores fat; located in the diaphysis (shaft, center)
    yellow marrow

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