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What are the five shapes of bones?
destroy warn out bone
builds bone (growth and repair)
ball and socket joints:
- (most moveable joint) hip
- (bones slide past each other)
- (rotates and twists)
decreases angle of joint and two bones come closer together
increases angle of joint; hyperextension
moving away from midline
moving toward midline
_____ skeleton (support) skull, spine, ribcage
_______ skeleton (movement) pectoral girdle, arm, pelvic girdle, legs
outer covering of the bone; protects
loacted in the epiphysis of bones and contains marrow.
dense bone that forms the stout walls of the diaphysis in long bones and the thinner outer surface of other bones.
the cavity of the diaphysis that contains red marrow in the young bones but as the bones occur it turns to yellow marrow.
the end of a long bone
(growth plate) marks the end of growth in an adult.
the shaft or central part of a long bone
produces red blood cells; located in the epiphysis (ends)
stores fat; located in the diaphysis (shaft, center)
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