Was known for his honesty in business and was a devoted father and husband. He strongly advised people to convert to Islam after he did. He also went on the journey known as the hijra.
Stressed accepting one's place in society and behaving correctly. Viewed governemnt as responsible for setting good example for people and being run by well educated people.
meaning "universal Ruler". Under his leadership, Mongol forces conquered a vast empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.
Made sketches of nature and of models, and dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles worked.
Leonardo da Vinci
Preached predestination, the idea that God had long ago determined who would gain salvation. He published a widely- read book that set forth his religious beliefs and explained how to organize and run a Protestant Chruch.
Triggered a revolt against the church and was a German monk and professor of theology
Dutch Priest and humanist. He wrote texts on a number of subjects and used his knowledge of classical languages to produce a new Greek edition of the bible.
Describes in Utoptia, an ideal society in which mean and women live in peace and harmony. No one is idle and all are educated, and justice is used to end crime rather than to eliminate the criminal.
Sir Thomas Moore
Broke with the Catholic Church. He had parliament pass a series of laws that ook the English Church from the pope's control to his.
Unified England, expanded its international powers and encouraged a period of great artistic flowering, and made a firmly protestant nation.
Elizabeth I of England
Made a final push against the Muslim stronghold of Granada, and the reconquista was complete.
Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain
many of his works reflect his mant life-long spirtual and artistic struggles.
A spanish explorer who landed on the coast of Mexico, and wanted to fight the Aztecs
Sailed around the Cape of Good Hope; established ports on Indian Ocean.
Led the way in sponsoring exploration for Portugal. He believed that they could convert the Africans to Christianity. He hoped he could fina a easier way to reach Asia, which meant going around Africa.
Prince Henry the Navigator
Sailed West across the Atlantic Ocean to Caribbean.
Developed laws of gravity and motion; invented calculus.
Sir Issac Newton
Developed the sun- centered model of the universe.
Summoned the Estates General. Was a weak king, and was be-headed.
Louis XIV of France
published the The Spirit of the Laws in which he discussed governments throughout history. Felt that best way to protect liberty was to divide the various functions into 3 branches: legislative, executive, and judicial.