World Civ. People part 2

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World Civ. People part 2
2011-05-22 17:18:40
World Civ People part

World Civ. People part 2
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  1. Believed that people in their natural state were basically good.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  2. Aruged that women were being excluded from the socila contract itself. Published A vindication of the Rights of Woman. In it she called for equal education for girls and boys.
    Mary Wollstonecraft
  3. Wanted the government to step in to improve the hard lives of the working class. He further called for giving the vote to workers and woman.
    John Stuart Mill
  4. Developed telescope to view planets and confirmed Copernicus's theory.
  5. Thought that people were basically reasonable and moral. Further, they had natural rights. The best kind of government had limited power and was accepted by all citizens
    John Locke
  6. Embarked on a policy of westernization. He became the most autocratic meaning that he ruled with unlimited power.
    Peter the Great
  7. He organized a "New Model Army" for Parliament, made up of officers selected for skill, rather than social class.
    Oliver Cromwell
  8. Wanted to end Whig domination, choose his own minister, dissovle the cabinet system and,make parliament follow his will.
    George III of England.
  9. A popular military hero who had won a series of billant victories against the Austrians.
  10. Aruged that the free market should be allowed to regulate business activity.
    Adam Smith
  11. Was the principle author of the Declaration of Independence.
    Thomas Jefferson
  12. Promoted religious toleration and wanted to abolish slavery. He believed in the use of terror.
    Maximilien Robespierre
  13. Lived a great life of pleasure and extravagance; was compassionate to the poor; was against reforms and bored withe the French court.
    Marie Antoinette
  14. Made improvements on the steam engine; after several years of work, it would become a key power source of the Industrial Revolution.
    James Watt
  15. Invented a machine called the cotton gin that seperated the seeds from raw cotton at a fast rate.
    Eli Whittney
  16. Set up a model community in New Lanark, Scotland, to put his own ideas into practice; became a successful mill owner, refused to use child labor; campaigned for laws that limited child labor and encouraged the organization of labor unions.
    Robert Owen
  17. Recorded his obervations of the wretched living conditions in poor areas of the 19th century and filth of the living areas of the industrial workers.
    Friedrich Engels
  18. Formulated a new theory "Scientific socialism", which he claimed was based on a scientific study of history.
    Karl Max.