aging test.txt

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deamon
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87246
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aging test.txt
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2011-05-22 20:09:01
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  1. aging is a normal process that leads to normal changes in the body structure and function
    fact
  2. most elderly individuals experience confusion and disorientation
    myth
  3. over 2 million people will be cared for in long-lerm care facilities by the year 2008
    fact
  4. many individuals are active, productive, and self-sufficient into their 80's and 90's
    fact
  5. the majority of elderly live in poverty
    myth
  6. older people are usually lonely and unhappy
    myth
  7. most individuals lose interest in work at age 60 and make plans to retire
    myth
  8. old age begins at age 65
    myth
  9. most elderly individuals live in their own home or apartment or with their family members
    fact
  10. retired people are usually bored and have nothing to do with their lives
    myth
  11. integumentary system changes
    decreased production of new skin cells, circulation to skin decreases
  12. musculoskeletal system changes
    loss of muscle tone, volume, & strength
  13. circulatory system changes
    weakend heart muscles, narrowing of blood vessles
  14. respitory system changes
    decreased gass exchange, weaker respiratory muscles
  15. nervous system changes
    decreased blood flow to the brain, loss of brain cells
  16. digestive system changes
    may slow down, dysphagia
  17. urinary system changes
    kidneys decrease in size and less efficient
  18. endocrine system changes
    metabolic rate decreases, less effective immune system
  19. reproductive system changes
    less testosterone, thinning of the vaginal wall
  20. list 2 fears sometimes experienced by a sick person
    pain, death
  21. what is the difference between acute and chronic dementia
    basically, acute can be cured and chronic can't
  22. list things an individual might do after retirement to replace the role their job played
    find part-time or consultant-type jobs, volunteer, community activities
  23. list ways to help create a "home" environment in a long-term care facility
    refer to them as "residents", allow them to design their room
  24. signs of confusion and disorientation
    talking incoherently, not knowing their own name, not recognizing others, wandering aimlessly, lasking awareness
  25. what are the causes of acute dementia
    high fever, kidney infection, dehydration, hypoxia, drug toxicity
  26. what are the early signs of alzhimer's disease
    self-centeredness, decreased intrest in social activity, memory loss, mood and personality changes, depression, poor judgement
  27. what happens to the brains with patients with alzhimer's
    death of neurons and development of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles
  28. list several aspects of reality orientation that can be used in the care of confused patients
    be calm and gentle when approaching, address them by their prefered name, maintain a constant limited routine, keep them on a night-day cycle
  29. what is a ombudsman
    a specially trained individual who works with the elderly and their families, health care providers, and other concerned individuals to improve quality of care and quality of life
  30. what are the 4 types of abuse
    • sexual
    • verbal
    • physical
    • psychological
  31. who are frequently abusers of the elderly
    family member or caretaker
  32. do all states have laws requiring the reporting of abuse
    yes
  33. Is abuse easy to prove
    no because the elderly may want to protect the abuser
  34. what percentage of elderly individuals are cared for in long-term care facilities
    5%
  35. what is the name for the inability to control urination
    incontinence
  36. list 2 factors that can lead to a loss of independence in the elderly
    physical disability, illness
  37. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the intemumentary system
    give a blanket
  38. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the musculoskeletal system
    motrin for the arthritis
  39. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the circulatory system
    exercise
  40. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the respiratory system
    semi fowler position
  41. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the nervous system
    give proper seasoning on food
  42. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the digestive system
    dentures
  43. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the urinary system
    bladder exercises
  44. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the endocrine system
    balanced diet
  45. what is an adaption that nac be used to help elderly patients for the changes that occur in the reproductive system
    give them privacy

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