MA 203 A & P

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Shutrbug20
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87248
Filename:
MA 203 A & P
Updated:
2011-05-23 00:45:06
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Female Reproductive System
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Description:
Chapter 11 Unit 13
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  1. Terminology
    • colp/o = vagina, vagin/o = vagina
    • oophor = ovary, itis = inflammation
    • ovari/o = ovary, rrhexis = rupture
    • py/o = pus, salpinx = fallopian tube
    • metr/o = uterus, rrhea = discharge
    • colp/o = vagina, rrhexis = rupture
    • vulv/o = vulva, dynia = pain (unknown cause, chronic burning, pain during sex, itching, stinging of vulva)
    • galact/o = milk, rrhea = discharge (not breast feeding)
    • mast = breast, algia = pain
    • dys = bad, men/o = menstruation, rrhea = discharge
    • men/o = menstruation, metr/o = uterus, rrhagia = bleeding (irregular intervals)
    • olig/o = scanty, men/o = menstruation, rrhea = discharge
    • colp/o = vagina, scopy = direct visual exam
    • hyster/o = uterus, salping/o = tube, graphy = picture (contrast medium)
    • colp/o = vagina, pexy = surgical fixation
  2. Female Repro System
    Primary Function
    Creation / support of new life
  3. Ovaries
    Produce mature eggs
  4. Uterus
    Environment / support developing child
  5. Vulva (Pudendum)
    • Labia, Clitoris
    • Bartholin's Glands (lube vagina)
    • Vaginal Orifice
  6. Lactiferous Ducts
    • Carry milk
    • Mammary glands to nipple
  7. Follicle
    • Fluid filled sac
    • Contains single ovum
  8. Ova
    Female gamete
  9. Fallopian Tubes
    • Upper end of uterus to ovaries
    • Not attached to ovaries
    • Infundibulum = funnel shaped opening into tubes
    • Fimbriae = finger-like extensions, catch mature ovum
  10. Anteflexion
    • Normal position of uterus
    • Bent forward
  11. Uterus Parts
    • Fundus = above
    • Corpus = middle
    • Cervix = lower
  12. Uterus Layers
    • Perimetrium = outer layer (Serous Membrane)
    • Myometrium = muscular middle layer
    • Endometrium = inner layer
  13. Mentruation (menses)
    Normal periodic discharge of endometrium lining & unfertilized egg
  14. Menarche
    • Beginning menstrual function
    • First period of life
  15. Menopause
    • Normal termination of menstrual function
    • 1yr without period
  16. Perimenopause
    Transition phase between regular & no periods
  17. Menstrual Cycle
    • 1-5 = menstrual phase, lining sloughs off, period
    • 6-12 = postmenstrual phase, pituitary secretes FSH, ovum to mature, ovaries secrete estrogen, stim lining in uterus
    • 13-14 = ovulatory phase, ovulation occurs, release of mature ovum, female is fertile
    • 15-28 = premenstrual phase, no fert = breakdown of lining, period starts
  18. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
    (Stein-Leventhal Syndrome)
    • Ovaries enlarged
    • Many cysts
    • Incompletely developed follicles
  19. Uterine Fibroid
    • Myoma
    • Benign tumor
    • Uterine wall
  20. Uterine Prolapse
    Uterus sags into vagina
  21. Vaginal Candidiasis
    Yeast like fungus
  22. Pruritus Vulvae
    Severe itching of vulva
  23. Amenorrhea
    • Abnormal / absent period
    • 3+ months
  24. Hysteroscopy
    Visual exam uterus and tubes
  25. Oophorectomy
    Surgical removal of ovaries
  26. Salpingectomy
    Surgical removal of tubes
  27. Salping-oophorectomy
    Surgical removal of tubes and ovaries
  28. Conization
    Surgical removal cone-shaped specimen of cervix
  29. Colporrhaphy
    Surgical suturing tear in vagina
  30. Myomectomy
    Surgical removal uterine fibroids

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