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social cognitive theory
a contemporary learning based model that emphasizes the roles of cognitive and enbironmental factors determining behavior.
the role of learning in explaining observable behavior.
q form of therapy that involves the systematic application of the principles of learning.
believes that free will and conscious choice are essential aspects of the human experience. acceptances of true self.
the role of unconscious motivation (impluses which we are unaware) and the importance of childhood experiences in shaping personality.
should focus on conscious experiences even if those are subjective and cannot be directly observed and scientifically measured.
examines relationships between biological processes and behavior.
a branch of pysch that focuses on the role of evolutionary processes in shaping behavior. (darwin theory) (genetics)
"to think". focuses on the way we aquire knowledge. form concepts, solve problems, make decisions.
emphasizes role of social and cultural influences on behavior. age, ethnicity, genger, lifestyle, income level, disability status.
studies human virtues and assets rather than weaknesses and deficits.
conduct reasearch on learning, cognition, sensation and persception, biological bases of behavior and animal behavior.
evaluate and treat people with pyschy problems and disorders such as depression and schizophrenia.
help people with adjustment problems.
work in school systems to help children with academic problems or special needs
contruct standardized psych and educational test( SAT) improve course planning and instructional methods
study physical, cognitive, social, personality development across life span.
study the psychological characterisitics that make each of us unique.
study the nature and causes of peoples thoughts, feelings, and beehavior in social situations.
study the ways in which peoples behavior and metal processes influence, and are influenced by their physical environments
study the relationship between people and their work enviornment.
study the relationships between psychological factors and the prevention and treatment of physical illness.
study the relationship between psych factors and consumers prefences and purchasing behavior.
study brain and behavior.
study of the process of aging.
invloved in the apllicaton of psych to the legal system.
understanding and improving athletic performance.
earliest women pioneer. couldnt get ph d because she was women, developed a new theory on color vision.
mary whiton calkins
women couldnt get doctoral degree, went on to teaching and conductiong important research on learning and short term memory. female president of APA
margaret floy washburn
first women to earn ph d in psychology. Wrote Animal Mind, 2nd female president of APA
Gilbert haven jones
african american that recieved a doctoral in germany.
first afrian american to recieve doctoral in psych in USA. helped establish psych department at howard university, served as chairperson.
j henry alston
1st afrian american to publish his research (on perceptopm of warmth and cold.) in journal
first and only afrian american to be the president of the APA.
framework for acquiring knowledge based on careful observation and the use of exprimental methods.
- 1. question
- 2. hypothesis
- 3. observe
- 4. conclusion
base their beliefs on evidence gathered from exprienments and careful observation
examine how variables are related to each other but no cause and effect relationships.
- 1. question everything
- 2. clarify what you mean
- 3. avoid oversimplyifying
- 4. avoid overgeneralizing
- 5. dont confuse correlation w/ causation
- 6. consider the assumptions on which claims are based.
- 7. examine sources of claims
- 8. question the ecidence on which claims are based.
- 9. consider alternate ways of explaining claims.
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