NR 435 Chapter 1 glossary

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  1. Analytical thinking
    A way of systematic analysis that asks how can I break this problem into its constituent parts.
  2. biocentric preservation
    A philosophy that emphasized the fundamental right of living organisms to exist and pursue their own ends.
  3. blind experiments
    A design in which researchers don't know which subjects were given experimental treatment until after data have been gathered and analyzed.
  4. controlled studies
    Comparisons made between two populations that are identical (as far as possible) in every factor except the one being studied.
  5. creative thinking
    Original, independet thinking that asks 'How might I approach this problem in new and inventive ways?"
  6. critical thinking
    An ability to evaluate information and opinions in a systematic, purposeful, efficient manner.
  7. deductive reasoning
    "Top down" reasoning in which we start with a general principle and derive a testable prediction about a specific case.
  8. double-blind
    Neither the subject (participant) nor the experimenter knows which participants are receiving the experimental or the control treatmens until after data have been gathered and analyzed.
  9. environmental science
    The systematic, scientific study of our environment, as well as our role in it.
  10. hypothesis
    A conditional explanation that can be verified or falsified by observation or experimentation.
  11. inductive reasoning
    "Bottom up" reasoning in which we study specific examples and try to discover patterns and derive general explanations from collected observations
  12. paradigms
    Overarching models of the world that shape our world views and guide our interpretation of how things are.
  13. parsimony
    A principle that says where two equally plausible explanations for a phenomenon are possible, we should choose the simpler one ( Occam's razor)
  14. reflective thinking
    A thoughtful, contemplative analysis that asks, "What does this all mean?"
  15. reproducibility
    Making an observation, or obtaining a particular result repeatedly.
  16. scientific theory
    An explanation or idea accepted by a substantial number of scientists.
  17. sustainability
    Ecological, social and economic systems that can last over the long terms.
  18. utilitarian conservation
    The philosophy that resources should be used for the greatest number for the longest time.
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NR 435 Chapter 1 glossary
terms from Chapter1
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