Cardiovascular

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Author:
darealpscott@yahoo.com
ID:
87374
Filename:
Cardiovascular
Updated:
2011-06-03 23:40:52
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CH48
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  1. MI
    Relief of pain o2, morphine, analgesics, ECG monitoring, Thromboliytic thearpy, Reduction of o2 with rest, stool softner, Anticoagulants
  2. Perfusion
    the passage of fluid through a specific organ.
  3. Angina pectorus
    Cramplike, spasmdoic, chestpain
  4. MI/Medical Therapy
    reperfusing with Fibrinolytics agents Strepase, anistreplase, tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) such as altephase
  5. Angiogram
    radiographd taken after injection of radiopaque dye into an artery. aids in the DX of occlusion congential anomalies.
  6. Aortogram
    Visualizes the abd aorta and the major leg arteries by use of dye injected through the femoral artery and into the aorta. aneurysms can be DX.
  7. small portable recorder carried by pt records patterns and rhythms of the pt Heartbeat
    Holter monitor
  8. abnormal amount of red blood cell in the blood
    polycythemia
  9. the restoration of the heart's normal sinus rhthym by delievery of a synchronized eletric shock through two metal paddles placed on the pt chest.
    cardioversion
  10. abnormal defiencey of oxygen in the arterial blood.
    Hypoxemia
  11. used to rule out inflammation conditions of the heart. The sedimentation rate is elevated with MI and bacterial endocarditis and decreases when healing begins. the levels of ESR also indicates the extent of inflammation and infection in rheumatic fever.
    Erythrocyte sedimentation Rate(ESR)
  12. monitor oxygenation (PaO2, PaCO2) and acid-base balance (PH). evaluate pt with cardiac failure.
    ABGs
  13. certain protiens that are released into the blood in large quantities from necrotic heart muscle after a mycocardial infarction. These markers, specifically cardiac serum enzymes and troponin I, are screening DX for MI
    Serum cardiac markers
  14. start to rise in 2 to 3 hrs after the beginning of an MI, peak in 24 to 40 hrs
    CK-MB
  15. neurohormone secreted by the heart in response to ventricular expansion. an elevated BNP greater than 100 pg/ml indicates some heart failure. The higher the level correlates with increase in the signs and symptoms
    B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)
  16. Beta Blockers
    • Mexitil
    • Rythmol
    • Propranolol
    • Sotalol
    • Acebutolol
    • Esmolol
    • Lopressor
    • Carvedilol
  17. Beta Blockers are used to
    Decrease excitability of the heart muscle. treat SVT and venttricular dysrhymias. decreases workload of the heart and decreases heart rate

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