Classes of Drugs

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Classes of Drugs
2011-06-07 07:41:03
pharmacy drugs class

pharmacy test review
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  1. Narcotic analgesic
    pain relievers. Means “without pain”
  2. Antiviral
    for treating viral infections
  3. Beta2 agonist
    treatment for asthma (inhalation)
  4. Anti-gout agent
    gout is caused by high levels of uric acid in the body, caused by some cancer medications and kidney stones
  5. Benzodiazapines (BZD)
    treat anxiety disorders and panic attacks, decreases abnormal excitement in brain.
  6. Tricyclic antidepressant
    treats depression, works by increasing the amount of chemicals in the brain needed to maintain mental balance.
  7. Calcium Channel Blocker (antihypertensive)
    treats high BP and chest pains, relaxes the blood vessels.
  8. ADHD agent
    treats ADHD or narcolepsy
  9. Antineoplastic (nonsteroidal aromatase
    treats breast cancer, stops the growth of cancer cells that need estrogen to grow.
  10. Atypic antipsychotic
    used to treat episodes of mania and depression, normalizes levels of chemicals in brain
  11. Antihyperlipidemic (HMGCoA reductase inhibitor)
    lowers cholesterol levels, slows the production of cholesterol in the body.
  12. Skeletal-muscle relaxant (GABA analog)
    acts on the spinal cord nerves and decreases the number and severity of muscle spasms.
  13. Antitussive
    treats coughs by reducing the cough reflex in the lungs.
  14. Corticosteroid
  15. Loop diuretic
    • acts on the ascending loop of Henle in the kidney.
    • They are primarily used in medicine to treat hypertension and edema often
    • due to congestive heart failure or renal insufficiency. Increases urine amount = less water in blood = decrease in blood volume.
  16. Cephalosporin antibiotic
    kills bacterial infections
  17. NSAID (COX2 inhibitor)
    nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, pain relievers. COX-2 gene associated with cancer
  18. antiarrhythmic agent (class I)
    interfere with the sodium channel. Class I agents are grouped by what effect they have on the Na+ channel, and what effect they have on cardiac action potentials. (have a, b, c)
  19. antiarrhythmic agent (class II)
    conventional beta blockers. They act by blocking the effects of catecholamines at the β1-adrenergic receptors, thereby decreasing sympathetic activity on the heart.
  20. antiarrhythmic agent (class IV)
    slow calcium channel blockers. They decrease conduction through the AV node, and shorten phase two (the plateau) of the cardiac action potential.
  21. antiarrhythmic agent (class III)
    predominantly block the potassium channels, thereby prolonging repolarization.[5] Since these agents do not affect the sodium channel, conduction velocity is not decreased.
  22. anthelmintic
    treats worms
  23. antipyretic
    reduces fever
  24. antiemetic
    treats nausea and vomiting due to motion sickness or drugs used for chemo
  25. ACE Inhibitor
    • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor.
    • Treatment of hypertension
  26. hypokalemia
    decreased plasma potassium concentration
  27. cardiac glycoside
    • treatment of cardiac arrest.
    • increases cardiac output by increasing the force of contraction by increasing intracellular calcium