Classes of Drugs
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pain relievers. Means “without pain”
for treating viral infections
treatment for asthma (inhalation)
gout is caused by high levels of uric acid in the body, caused by some cancer medications and kidney stones
treat anxiety disorders and panic attacks, decreases abnormal excitement in brain.
treats depression, works by increasing the amount of chemicals in the brain needed to maintain mental balance.
Calcium Channel Blocker (antihypertensive)
treats high BP and chest pains, relaxes the blood vessels.
treats ADHD or narcolepsy
Antineoplastic (nonsteroidal aromatase
treats breast cancer, stops the growth of cancer cells that need estrogen to grow.
used to treat episodes of mania and depression, normalizes levels of chemicals in brain
Antihyperlipidemic (HMGCoA reductase inhibitor)
lowers cholesterol levels, slows the production of cholesterol in the body.
Skeletal-muscle relaxant (GABA analog)
acts on the spinal cord nerves and decreases the number and severity of muscle spasms.
treats coughs by reducing the cough reflex in the lungs.
- acts on the ascending loop of Henle in the kidney.
- They are primarily used in medicine to treat hypertension and edema often
- due to congestive heart failure or renal insufficiency. Increases urine amount = less water in blood = decrease in blood volume.
kills bacterial infections
NSAID (COX2 inhibitor)
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, pain relievers. COX-2 gene associated with cancer
antiarrhythmic agent (class I)
interfere with the sodium channel. Class I agents are grouped by what effect they have on the Na+ channel, and what effect they have on cardiac action potentials. (have a, b, c)
antiarrhythmic agent (class II)
conventional beta blockers. They act by blocking the effects of catecholamines at the β1-adrenergic receptors, thereby decreasing sympathetic activity on the heart.
antiarrhythmic agent (class IV)
slow calcium channel blockers. They decrease conduction through the AV node, and shorten phase two (the plateau) of the cardiac action potential.
antiarrhythmic agent (class III)
predominantly block the potassium channels, thereby prolonging repolarization. Since these agents do not affect the sodium channel, conduction velocity is not decreased.
treats nausea and vomiting due to motion sickness or drugs used for chemo
- Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor.
- Treatment of hypertension
decreased plasma potassium concentration
- treatment of cardiac arrest.
- increases cardiac output by increasing the force of contraction by increasing intracellular calcium
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