RadBio

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Author:
ricksilentp
ID:
87414
Filename:
RadBio
Updated:
2011-05-23 22:28:13
Tags:
Chap2
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Description:
Chap2 review
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  1. The basic unit of structure and function of all living things
    Cell
  2. All cells are made up of this chemical material
    protoplasm
  3. a collection of similar cells that work together in performing a particular function.
    tissues
  4. a combination of two or more tissues that are combined to peform a specific function.
    organ
  5. organs that have similar or related functions are?
    system
  6. the 4 major classes of organic compounds found in cells are:
    • proteins
    • carbohydrates
    • nucleic acids
    • lipids
  7. two things contained in protoplasm?
    • organic compounds
    • inorganic compounds
  8. Comprise of 15% of the cell, assist in growth, constructing new tissues, and repairing injured or worn-out tissues.
    proteins
  9. two kinds of proteins:
    • amino acids
    • enzymes
  10. the building blocks of proteins. There are 22 different kinds.
    amino acids
  11. Act as organic catalyst. Control the numerous chemical reactions that occur in cells.
    enzymes
  12. Comprise approximately 2% of the cell. Function in storing energy, insulating our bodies from cold, assisting with the digestive process, and helping to lubricate the joints.
    lipids
  13. Make up 1% of the cell. Major source of cell energy.
    carbohydrates
  14. divisions of carbohydrates:
    • monosaccharides-simple sugars(glucose)
    • disaccharides-double sugars(sucrose)
    • polysaccharides-macromolecules(cellulose)
  15. the process of converting a comlpex substance into a simpler substance
    catabolism
  16. the building up of a body substance.
    anabolism
  17. the combination of catabolism and anabolism
    metabolism

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