Chapter 8 Test
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- 1st American to circumnavigate the globe (in 1790)
What was the name of the ship Robert Gran sailed in?
Why was Robert Gran's journey important?
-gave U.S. land claims on Pacific Coast of North America
- "secret" treaty between Spain and France-France regained Louisiana Territory (didn't want Napoleon to take over Spain)
Treaty of San Ildefonso
Why was Napoleon interested in Louisiana?
-was trying to build a new French empire
-planned to use Louisiana Territory to grow food for workers on sugar plantations in French West Indies
-led a slave revoltin French West Indies
-cost Napoleon $$ & soldiers to end
When Napoleon's plan failed what did he decide to do and why?
-decided to sell Louisiana Territory
-needed $$ & soldiers to fight in Europe
-also hoped a larger U.S. would threaten British
What were Jeffersons considerations in buying the Louisiana Territory? (5)
-was a strict constructionist-Constitution didn't give national gov't power to buy land
-against spending public $/cost of land would add to national debt
-land was necessary to build a nation of farmers
-americans needed to use Mississippi River & New Orlenas
-threatened by Napoleon in West
-announced on July 4th, 1803
-doubled size of U.S.
-moved western border to Rocky Mountains
What were Jefferson's goals for exploration of the West? (3)
-knowledge of land & people in west
-trade route to Pacific (NW Passage)
-form trade alliances with native Americans
-natural scientist & "doctor" of expidition
-map maker & engineer
-Clark's slave/skilled hunter
-guide & translator
-French trader/ Sacagawea's husband
-a guide & translator
-explored southern Louisiana Territory-along Red and Arkansas Rivers
-an explorer of the West who reached the summit of the mountain now known as Pike's Peak
Chapter 8 Test