Biology II Final Review #2

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Biology II Final Review #2
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2011-05-23 23:52:51
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Biology II
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  1. Toads, like frogs,
    Generally return to the water to reproduce.
  2. Carnivourous mammals have
    long, sharp canine teeth.
  3. The function of the placenta in certain mammals is to
    carry nutrition to and remove wastes from the embryo during development.
  4. The major difference between marsupials and placental mammals is
    their pattern of embryonic development.
  5. Unlike the young of reptiles, mammalian young depend on parental care for
    food, learning, and protection. (All of the above)
  6. Mammals whose offspring remain inside the mother's uterus until development is complete is called
    placental mammals.
  7. Placental mammals
    nurse their young, have body hair, and give birth to live young. (All of the above)
  8. Mammals that lay eggs are
    monotremes.
  9. Egg-laying mammals are
    oviparous.
  10. The duckbill platypus and two species of echudnas are the only living
    monotremes.
  11. Kangaroos and opossums are
    marsupials.
  12. A dog is a member of the order
    Carnivora.
  13. Bat wings
    include leathery membranes of skin.
  14. Bats
    use echolocation to navigate.
  15. Which of the following characteristics is not associated with marsupial mammals?
    A. pouch
    B. milk-fed young
    C. internal fertilization
    D. shelled eggs
    D. shelled eggs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The offspring of marsupial mammals
    are born early and complete their development in their mother's pouch.
  17. Today all monotremes and most marsupials live in Australia and New Guinea. This limited distrubution is due to
    continental drift.
  18. A deer has
    large, flat molars.
  19. Dugongs and manatees are
    sirenians.
  20. The forelimb of ______ are modified into flippers and are used to help these animals move through water.
    cetaceans and sirenians.
  21. The first primates probably resemble modern
    prosimians.
  22. Two features shared by most primates are
    depth perception and grasping hands.
  23. Anthropoid primates are different from prosimians in that they
    have opposable thumbs and large brains.
  24. Chimpanzees are different from humans in that they
    walk on four legs.
  25. All australopithecine fossils have been discovered in
    Africa.
  26. Of the following, the earliest member of the genus Homo was
    A. homo sapiens
    B. homo erectus
    C. homo habilis
    D. homo neanderthalis
    C. homo habilis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Homo erectus
    walked erect.
  28. When comparing Homo habilis and Homo erectus, we find that
    Homo erectus was taller and walked upright.
  29. Modern Homo sapiens appeared in Africa about
    160,000 years ago.
  30. Modern humans are probably most closelt related to
    Homo erectus.
  31. Plants used to make fibers for clothing include
    cotton and flax. (both b and c)
  32. Which of the following is not made from plant produce?
    A. leather
    B. rubber
    C. cork
    D. cotton
    A. leather
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. All of the following foods come from fruits except
    A. rice
    B. wheat
    C. spinach
    D. applesauce
    C. spinach
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Vegetables that we can eat come from various plant parts including
    stems, roots, and leaves. (All of the above)
  35. Fruits of cereal plants are called
    grains.
  36. Plant ecology is the study of the interaction between plants and
    the environment.
  37. A farmer alternately grows corn and a legume crop in a single field. The farmer's reason for doing this is probably
    to allow the legumes to restore nitrogen to the soil that is depleted by the corn.
  38. An example of a plant and an animal that have evolved together is
    a plant flower that resembles the female of an insect species.
  39. Mycorrhizae are
    symbiotic associations between the roots of a plant and a fungus.
  40. A beneficial relationship between a plant and a bacterium occurs when certain bacteria inhabit the roots of a plant and ____ that the plant can use.
    fix nitrogen.
  41. People have damaged natural plant populations by introducing
    foreign plant species that become noxious weeds, diseases that kill native plants, and animals that consume native plants. (All of the above)
  42. Which of the following plant products can be harmful if eaten?
    A. holly berries
    B. oregano
    C. gum arabic
    D. artichokes
    A. holly berries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Approximately when did the cultivation of plants begin?
    11,000 years ago.
  44. The ancestors of today's land plants were probably
    green algae.
  45. The challenges faced by early land plants included
    conserving water, reproducing on land, and absorbing minerals from the rocky surface. (All of the above)
  46. The waxy protective covering of a land plant is called a
    cuticle.
  47. The cuticle
    helps reduce the evaporation of fluids from a plant.
  48. Some land plants developed an internal system of interconnected tubes and vessels called
    vascular tissues.
  49. The xylem in a plant
    transports water and minerals to the stems and leaves.
  50. The diploid form in a plant's life cycle is called the
    sporophyte.
  51. The haploid form in a plant's life cycle is called the
    gametophyte.
  52. Alternation between a haploid stage and a diploid stage in a plant's life cycle is called
    alternation of generations.
  53. In plants, haploid gametes are produced as a result of
    mitosis.
  54. The dominant generation in vascular plants is the
    sporophyte.
  55. Which of the following is not a nonvascular plant?
    A. liverwort
    B. fern
    C. moss
    D. hornwort
    B. fern
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Which of the following is not a characteristic of nonvascular plants?
    A. They produce spores
    B. They produce seeds
    C. They have a life cycle characterized by alternation of generations
    D. They require water for sexual reproduction
    B. They produce seeds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Which of the following is a reason why mosses are good pioneer plants?
    A. They grow very slowly
    B. They can create a layer of soil on bare rock
    C. They can survive in very wet areas
    D. They can survive in areas that recieve only low levels of sunlight
    B. They can create a layer of soil on bare rock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. The water-retaining ability of peat moss makes it ideal for
    use in garden-soil mixes, use in packing bulbs and flowers for shipping, and use in houseplant soils. (All of the above)
  59. All of the following developed in some vascular plants and are not present in any nonvascular plants except
    A. deep roots
    B. pollen
    C. seeds
    D. chlorophyll
    D. chlorophyll
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. The primary distinguishing characteristics of all vascular plants are
    xylem and phloem; true roots, stems, and leaves.
  61. Which of following is not a seed plant?
    A. a flowering plant
    B. a fern
    C. a pine tree
    D. a ginkgo
    B. a fern
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Which of the following is a characteristic of all seed plants?
    A. production of flowers
    B. enclosure and protection of seeds within a fruit
    C. a seed containing an embryo, a nutrient supply, and a protective coat
    d. All of the above
    C. a seed containing an embryo, a nutrient supply, and a protective coat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Pines, spruces, and firs are
    gymnosperms.
  64. The tallest trees in the world are species of
    conifers.
  65. Which of the following were the first land plants to evolve seeds?
    A. ferns
    B. mosses
    C. angiosperms
    D. gymnosperms
    D. gymnosperms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Seed plants are the dominant land plants because
    the seeds they produce enable the plant to survive in a dormant state when conditions are not suitable for growth.
  67. Monocots have
    leaves with parallel veins.
  68. Flowering plants are classified as monocots or dicots according to their number of
    cotyledons.
  69. The conducting cells of phloem are called
    sieve tube members.
  70. In xylem tissue, water moves from tracheid to tracheid through
    pits.
  71. The outermost layer consisting of ground tissue in a stem is the
    cortex.
  72. regions of active cell division in plants are called
    meristems.
  73. Meristems can be found
    at the tips of stems and roots.
  74. The lengthening of plant roots and shoots is called
    primary growth.
  75. During periods of primary growth at apical meristems, stems and roots
    become longer.
  76. The primary function of root hairs is
    to absorb water and minerals.
  77. The ground tissue in the center of roots and stems
    provides support.
  78. Secondary xylem and phloem are produced from the
    vascular cambium.
  79. Bark contains
    phloem and cork cells.
  80. In woody stem, cork cambium
    produces the outer bark.
  81. the movement of water through a plant is caused by
    the attraction of water molecules for each other, capillary action, and transpiration. (All of the above)
  82. The loss of water by the leaves and stem of a plant is called
    transpiration.
  83. The phloem in a plant
    transport sugar.
  84. The transport of food from the leaf to the rest of the plant is called
    translocation.
  85. The xylem in a plant
    transports water and minerals.
  86. In plants, the ground tissue that is made up of chloroplast-rich cells is the
    mesophyll.
  87. The tissue of the leaf mesophyll that is located directly below the upper epidermis and consists of tightly packed column-shaped cells is the
    palisade layer.
  88. Photosynthesis enables plants to produce most of the organic molecules they need. They process requires the uses of all of the following except
    A. glucose
    B. light
    C. water
    D. carbon dioxide
    A. glucose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. The stomata are responsible for
    regulation of water loss.
  90. The guard cells that surround a stoma
    swell with water, causing the stoma to open.
  91. Which of the following associations between an agriculture practice and its description is incorrect?
    A. use of pesticides - control of insects and microorganisms
    B. use of irrigation - supplementation with water
    C. use of cultivars - harvesting the highest yielding or highest quality plants
    D. use of fertilizers - supplementation with mineral nutrients
    C. use of cultivars - harvesting the highest yielding or highest quality plants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. Which of the following associations between a plant cell type and its characteristics is incorrect?
    A. sclerenchyma cell - thick, rigid cell walls
    B. parenchyma cell - cube-shaped or elongated; large vacuole
    C. collenchyma cell - thin cell walls; do not occur in groups
    d. All of the above are correct
    C. collenchyma cell - thin cell walls; do not occur in groups
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Which of the following types of plant cells provides stuctural support and is typically dead at functional maturity?
    A. collenchyma
    B. parenchyma
    C. sclerenchyma
    d. None of the above
    C. sclerenchyma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. Which of the following types of meristems is found in some monocots above the bases of leaves and stems?
    A. cork cambium
    B. vascular cambium
    C. intercalary meristems
    D. apical meristems
    C. intercalary meristems
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. Which of the following are taproots?
    A. roots of radish plants
    B. aerial roots of orchids
    C. underground roots of grass plants
    D. prop roots of corn plants
    A. roots of radish plants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Which of the following is not a characteristic of secondary growth of roots?
    A. cork cambium is formed
    B. it occurs in monocot, dicot, and gymnosperm roots.
    C. Secondary xylem is produced toward the inside of the root and secondary phloem is produced toward the outside of the root
    D. vascular cambium is formed
    B. it occurs in monocot, dicot, and gymnosperm roots.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. Which of the following is not a characteristic of fibrous roots?
    A. shallow roots
    B. possible development from the base of the stem
    C. many brach roots
    D. dominant primary root
    D. dominant primary root
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. Which of the following is the function of the endodermis?
    A. regulation of passage of water and minerals into the vascular tissue
    B. water absorption
    C. production of new cells for secondary growth
    D. water storage
    A. regulation of passage of water and minerals into the vascular tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. s2_final_exam_files/i1540000.jpg

    Refer
    to the illustration above. Which diagram shows the type of skull that would most probably have been found on an early reptile?
    a.“A”
    c.“C”
    b.“B”
    d.“D”
    a.“A”
  100. s2_final_exam_files/i1540000.jpgRefer to the illustration above. Skull C is most likely the skull of a
    A. snake
    B. ryhnchocephalian
    C. crocodile
    D. turtle
    A. snake
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. s2_final_exam_files/i1620000.jpg
    Refer to the illustration above. The teeth labeled "A" are called
    A. premolars
    B. canines
    C. molars
    D. incisors
    C. molars
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. s2_final_exam_files/i1620000.jpg
    Refer to the illustration above. The teeth labeled "C" are called
    A. canines
    B. molars
    C. premolars
    D. incisors
    A. canines
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  103. s2_final_exam_files/i1620000.jpg
    Refer to the illustration above. The teeth primarily used for cutting are labeled
    A. "C"
    B. "B"
    C. "A"
    D. "D"
    D. "D"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  104. s2_final_exam_files/i1620000.jpg
    Refer to the illustration above. The fact that the coyote is a predator can be inferred from
    A. the position of the eye sockets
    B. the shpae of the teeth
    C. the shape of the skull
    D. the length of the jawbone
    B. the shpae of the teeth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  105. s2_final_exam_files/i0910000.jpg
    Refer to the illustration above. Which label indicates the spongy layer?
    A. E
    B. C
    C. D
    D. B
    C. D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. s2_final_exam_files/i0910000.jpg
    Refer to the illustration above. Structure A
    a. is the cuticle
    b. protects the leaf
    c. covers the epidermis
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  107. s2_final_exam_files/i0910000.jpg
    Refer to the illustration above. The vein is made up of
    A. both xylem and phloem vessels
    B. only phloem vessels
    C. neither xylem nor phloem vessels
    D. only xylem vessels
    A. both xylem and phloem vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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