Analogies that were used in class to support Aristotle’s argument for the existence of an intrinsic good (see section 2) included all of the following except:
a video game that is enjoyable even without having a final level or task to complete.
A premise of the Argument from Moral Variability is that people and cultures disagree regarding moral standards. In class, we discussed attempts to prove that this premise is false, including the claim that:
1. this disagreement is superficial and there is agreement on a more profound level.
2. the fact that there is and has been disagreement is not a guarantee that there will always be disagreement.
In class, the claim that beliefs about moral values cannot be tested like beliefs about things like germs and planetary shapes was used:
to argue that the existence of facts when people disagree about some things does not prove that there are also facts when they disagree about other types of things.
From what was said about moral realism in class, which of the following would a moral realist not be able to say without self-contradiction?
Your morals are just as correct as anyone else’s, even when they contradict each other.
Aristotle defines self-sufficiency as: (see section 7, paragraph 4)
that which when isolated makes life desirable and lacking in nothing.
Aristotle denies that the political life seeks the ultimate good because: (see section 5)
- it seeks honor, which depends on other people.
- it seeks honor, which means being recognized for their virtue.
- it seeks virtue, which is compatible with being miserable, asleep, or inactive.
Aristotle seems to think that humans probably have a function in part because, he argues, (see section 7):
each part of a human has a function, so the whole should too.