Psych Chpt 12

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Psych Chpt 12
2011-05-24 17:14:13

Social Psychology- Exam 3
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  1. the study of how our thoughts, feelings and behaviors are inluenced by the real or implied presence of others
    social psychology
  2. discovered by Tripleet in his bicycle riding study and later fishing reel study
    -facilitate motor skills, things we are familiar with
    social facilitation effect
  3. discovered in study by Pessin (essay writing)
    people are slower when others around, but still produce the same quality
    -slower in presence of others on new/unfamiliar tasks
    Social Inhibition Effect
  4. the altering of one's opinions or behaviors to match those of others or to match social norms
    -yielding to real or imagined social pressure
    -ex: Asch's line length study
  5. we want to be liked, will do what it takes to get along with others
    -ex: Asch's line study
    Normative Influence
  6. if an ambiguous situation, we look to thers
    -we want to be right
    -ex: Sherif's autokinetic (stationary light appears to move) study
    Informational Influence
  7. liking for a group increases conformity-normative
  8. studied the power of social situations with his Yale "teacher/learner" studies
  9. did a study on social situations
    -called nurses as a doctor and told them to administer double the dose of a drug
    21 of 22 did it
  10. how we think about the world
    social cognition
  11. the evaluation of objects, events or ideas
  12. how we explain the behavior of others
  13. how self-knowledge and esteem influenced by the social world?
  14. how we behave in the social world
    social interation
  15. cognitive schemas that allow for easy, fast processing of information about people based on their membership in certain groups
    -mental shortcuts-->allow for faster processing of events
    -generally occur automatically, outside of awareness
  16. streamline impression formation and frees up metnal processes
    -categorize people into groups which wehave knowledge of in long-term memory
  17. special categroy for those who do not fit stereotype
    -instead of altering the stereotype
  18. the ususally negative affective or attitudinal responses associated with stereotypes
  19. the inappropriate and unjustified treatment of people based solely on their group membership
  20. tendency for people to evaluate favorably and privelege members of the in group more than members of the out group
    in group favortism
  21. whent there is a shared resource that must be used responsibly by many people--> it could run out (air, water, fish in sea, etc)
    commons dilemma
  22. when in order for a public good to be created or maintained, a certain number of people must contribute (ex: blood bank)
    public goods dilemma
  23. compete, not contributing, but still using
  24. cooperate, contributing
  25. the facial expressions, gestures, mannerisms and movements by which one communicates with others
    -also known as body language
    nonverbal behavior
  26. the idea that when something bad happens we justify with idea's like "she deserved it" "he provoked it"
    -attribution for events in world
    just world hypothesis
  27. explanations that refer to internal characteristics such as abilities, traits, moods, and effort
    -internal, dispositional
    personal attributes
  28. explanations that refer to external events such as the weather, luck, accidents or actions of other people
    situational attributions
  29. the tendency to overemphasize personal factors and underestimate situational factors in explaining beahvior
    fundamental attribution error
  30. people expect others behavior to correspond with their own beliefs and personalities
    correspondence bias
  31. atttractive people are more: happy, intelligent, sociable, successful, less socially deviant
    "what is beautiful is good" stereotype
  32. a state of intense longing and sexual desire
    associated with dopamine, reward systems- like a drug addiction
    passionate love
  33. a strong commitment to care for and support a partner that develops slowly over time
    -based on friendship, trust, intimacy
    companionate love
  34. 4 interpersonal styles that lead couples to discord
    1) being overly critical
    2) holding the partner in comtempt
    3) being defensive
    4) mentally withdrawing from the relationship
    4 Horsemen of the Apocalypse
  35. how one partner explains the other's behavior
    attributional style
  36. when partners overlook bad behvior or respond constructively
  37. partners disagree but each partner considers the other partner's emotions and opinion valid
    a validating couple