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The strong version of the rationality thesis of egoism holds that:
the only rational way to behave is egoistically.
In Butler's attempt to disprove psychological egoism, he discussed human desire for esteem from others as part of his argument that:
humans have passions or appetites which seem designed specifically to meet needs that will serve the public good. See I.3 (Sermon I, page 3).
The Logical Argument for Psychological Egoism essentially is that:
in order for an action to be voluntary it must proceed from my will, which means that any voluntary action must necessarily be an attempt to satisfy one of my desires or interests.
According to Hobbes, the right of nature:
1. can never be renounced or transferred to another. We can agree to limit the ways in which we’ll carry it out, but no contract can be made in which we fully give it up.
2. is a person's liberty to do anything he or she thinks appropriate to preserve his or her own life or means of living. See page 80.
The Fool's Objection is, essentially, that:
one should not keep contracts if one will benefit by breaking them. See pg. 89 of Hobbes.
By 'existence precedes essence,' Sartre means that:
there is no human nature, and we are each wholly responsible for creating ourselves once we are in the world. See pg. 4
Sartre thinks that existentialism implies all of the following except that:
you can be whatever you wish or conceive yourself to be.