Chapter 8 Test
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Expain the U.S. economy at this time. (2)
-had an agricultural economy; produced cash crops and raw materials; had very little manufacturing
-had to trade with other countries to get manufactured goods
-pirates on Barbary Coast of North Africa attacked/captured U.S. trade ships
-demanded tribute to stop
War with Tripoli
What was Jefferson's foreign policy?
How did Jefferson react to the War with Tripoli?
-refused to pay; sent small U.S. Navy to try to defend U.S. trade ships
-captured by pirates in 1804
-destroyed in Tripoli's harbor by Lt. Stephen Decatur
-destroyed U.S.S. Philadelphia in Tripoli's harbor
Lt. Stephen Decatur (USN)
What did the War with Tripoli show Jefferson? (3)
-U.S. needed a strong navy
-trading internationally did not allow U.S. to remain neutral
-U.S. had to be willing to stand up for economic interests
What problems did British and French cause for the U.S. at sea? (3)
-captured/searched U.S. ships for war supplies
-also blockaded each others ports to stop the other country from getting trade goods and war supplies
-this hurt American trade
the practice of forcing people to serve in the army or navy
-british warship that attacked Chesapeake
American warship attacked by the british warship Leopard
What did Jefferson do to resolve the attacks at sea? (2)
-to stay neutral, follwoed a policy of "Peacable Coercion"-to peacefully force the British and French to do what he needed
-used trade as a weapon to re-open ports and stop impressments
-banned all foreign trade for U.S.
Embargo Act of 1807
What was Jefferson's goal with the Embargo Act? (2)
-to avoid conflict with british and France
What was the result of the Embargo Act? (2)
-mainly hurt U.S. trade
-made Jefferson VERY unpopular
Who won the Election of 1808?
-passed in 1809
-stated U.S. could trade with all nations EXCEPT Britain and France
-Governor of Indiana Territory
-negotiated Treaty of Fort Wayne
William Henry Harrison
What did the Treaty of Fort Wayne do?
-made the Native Americans "sell" 3 million acres of land to U.S.
-Shawnee Chief that wanted to unite the Native American tribes to protect their land
Why did Tecumseh and others feel the Native Americans needed to unite?
-to fight against/resist American settlers and keep their land
-Harrison and U.S. Army defeated alliance while Tecumseh was gone
Battle of Tippecanoe
What were the results of the Battle of Tippecanoe? (3)
-The prophet was killed
-their town was destoryed
-Tecumseh joined the British in Canada
-leaders in Congress from Western/Southern states who wanted war with Britain
Who were the Warhawks led by? (3)
- -Henry Clay (KY)
- -John Calhoun (SC)
- -Felix Grundy (TN)
Why did the Warhawks want war with the British? (4)
-wanted British out of NW Territory to stop them from supplying Native Americans
-wanted British impressments to stop
-wanted British to stop interfering with American trade
-wanted Canada for U.S.-more land for settlement and farming
Why did the Federalists oppose the Warhawks?
-wanted to maintain and rebuild trade with British
Why did most people oppose the Warhawks? (2)
-worried that U.S. Army/Navy were too small to fight the British
-costs of war
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