Psych Chpt 13

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mking_nu
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87550
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Psych Chpt 13
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2011-05-24 17:46:26
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Psychological Disorders Exam 3
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  1. deviate from cultural norm
    maladaptive-interferes with at least one large aspect of life
    cause of personal distress
    abnormality
  2. generally more severe disorders, can be temporary or long lasting, low level of functioning
    clinical disorders
  3. milder disorders, longstanding, high level of functioning
    personality disorders
  4. not based solely on self-report
    ask questions associated with certain disorders
    structured clinical interviews
  5. Part of current DSM:
    disfunctions of the brain
    ex: amnesia
    organic
  6. Part of current DSM:
    ex: alcoholism
    substance
  7. Part of current DSM:
    psychologically induced physical disorders
    ex: blindness without cause
    somatoform
  8. Part of current DSM:
    altered identity
    ex: fugue
    disociative
  9. a mental disorder characterized by alterations in perceptions, emotions, thoughts or consciousness
    means "splitting of the mind"
    -irrational thoughts based on delusional beliefs
    -hallucinations
    schizophrenia
  10. little emotional response to things that generally evoke responses
    flat effect
  11. extreme responses to things that do not usually evoke responses
    emotional volatility
  12. delusions of gradeur and or persecution
    -seem normal until you discuss the area of paranoia
    paranoid schizophrenia
  13. severe motor disturbance, usually characterized by muscular stupor, mutism or echolalia
    catatonic schizophrenia
  14. severe maladaptive behacior (babling, disorganized thought and speech, loosened associations)
    disorganized schizophrenia
  15. does not fit in categories, may have multiple symptoms
    undifferentiated schizophrenia
  16. ex: delusions, hallucinations
    = excessive behavior
    positive symptoms
  17. deficits in functioning
    negative symptoms
  18. emotional disturbances, can be positve or negative
    mood disorders
  19. a disorder characterized by severe neg. moods orlack of interest in normally pleasurable activities
    major depression
  20. mild/moderate depresson
    dysthymia
  21. mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania
    bipolar disorder
  22. cognitive model of depression in which people feel unable to control events around them
    -have unhealthy attributional style
    -characterized by low serotonin
    learned helplessness model
  23. a special case of depression
    -when days get shorter
    can be treated with light exposure
    seasonal affective disorder
  24. chronic high lefvel of anxiety without specific focus
    -just constantly worried
    generalized anxiety
  25. attentional bias toward potential threats or threat words
    hypervigilence
  26. specific fear of an object or action; irrationally exagerated
    phobia
  27. anxiety disorder characterized by sudden, overwhelming attacks of terror
    -fear of attack is the most debilitating part
    panic disorder
  28. anxiety disorder characterized by frequent intrusive thoughts and compulsive actions
    OCD
  29. intrusive thoughts
    part of OCD
    obsessions
  30. ritualistic actions that reduce anxiety
    part of OCD
    compulsions
  31. loss of contact with memory or identity- controversial
    occurence of 2 or more distinct identities in a person
    report blackouts- divergent behavior, preferences
    -could be caused by severe childhood trauma
    dissociative disorders
  32. loss of memory and personal identity, but still have memory for knowledge and skills
    fugue
  33. strongly disliking one's genitals, hoping they will disappear
    aversion to gender typical items
    cause of distress
    gender dysphoria
  34. personality disorder characterized by identity, affective and impulse disturbances
    -on border between psychotic and normal
    -lack storng sense of self
    borderline personality disorder
  35. lack of empathy and remorse
    -psychopaths are extreme cases
    -behaving in socially undesirable ways
    -no fear or anxiety
    -low level of arousal
    -small amygdala, less responsive to neg. stimuli, deficit and frontal lobe function
    antisocial personality disorder
  36. a childhood disorder:
    a pattern of hyperactive, inattentive and impulsive behavior that causes social or academic impairment
    Attention-deficit/Hyperactive Disorder
  37. a childhood disorder:
    -characterized by unresponsiveness; impaired language, social and cognitive development; and restricted and repetitive behavior
    autism
  38. a childhood disorder:
    -the repeated passing of feces or urination in inappropriate places by children from whom continence should be expected
    elimination disorders
  39. a childhood disorder:
    -marked by substantially low performance in reading, mathematics, or written expression with regard to what is expected for age, amount of education and intelligence
    learning disorders
  40. a childhood disorder:
    -characterized by below-average intellectual functioning (IQ lower than 70) and limited adaptive functioning that begins before age 18
    mental retardation
  41. a childhood disorder:
    -the repeated regurgitation and rechewing of partially digested food, not realated to nausea or gastrointestinal disorder
    rumination disorder
  42. a childhood disorder:
    -failure to speak in certain social situations, despite the ability to speack in other situations; interferes with social or academic achievement
    selective mutism
  43. a childhood disorder:
    -recurrent motor and voacl tics that cause marked distress or impairment and are not related to a general medical condition
    Tourette's disorder
  44. high functioning autism
    -have normal intelligence, but deficits in social interaction
    asperger's syndrom
  45. unaware of others, don't smile at caregiver, reject physical contact, don't respond to vocalization, no eye contact
    symptoms of autism

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