Word Groups 1

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Word Groups 1
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2011-05-30 13:17:13
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Kaplan's Word Groups
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  1. Abbreviated Communication
    abridge
    compendium
    cursory
    curtail
    syllabus
    synopsis
    terse
    • abridge: to shorten (a book, a play, etc.) by leaving out some parts
    • compendium: a collection of things (such as photographs, stories, facts, etc.) that have been gathered together and presented as a group especially in the form of a book
    • cursory: formal + often disapproving. done or made quickly.
    • curtail: to reduce or limit (something).
    • syllabus: a list of the topics or books that will be studied in a course
    • synopsis: a short description of the most important information about something; a summary or outline
    • terse: brief and direct in a way that may seem rude or unfriendly
  2. Abundance
    glut
    plethora
    replete
    superfluity
    surfeit
    surplus
    • glut: too much of something
    • plethora: a very large amount or number : an amount that is much greater than what is necessary
    • replete: having much or plenty of something : filled with something
    • superfluity: more of something than is needed
    • surfeit: an amount that is too much or more than you need
    • surplus: an amount (such as an amount of money) that is more than the amount that is needed
  3. Act Quickly
    apace
    abrupt
    headlong
    impetuous
    precipitate
    reckless
    • apace: at a fast speed or pace
    • abrupt: very sudden and not expected
    • headlong: without taking time to think about your actions — usually + into
    • impetuous: acting or done quickly and without thought; controlled by emotion rather than thought
    • precipitate: to cause (something) to happen quickly or suddenly
    • reckless: not showing proper concern about the possible bad results of your actions
  4. Assist
    abet
    advocate
    ancillary
    bolster
    corroborate
    countenance
    espouse
    mainstay
    munificent
    proponent
    stalwart
    sustenance
    • abet: to help, encourage, or support someone in a criminal act
    • advocate: person who argues for or supports a cause or policy
    • ancillary: providing something additional to a main part or function
    • bolster: to make (something) stronger or better : to give support to
    • corroborate: to support or help prove (a statement, theory, etc.) by providing information or evidence
    • countenance: the look on a person's face that shows one's nature or feelings
    • espouse: to express support for (a cause, belief, etc.)
    • mainstay: something or someone that provides support and makes it possible for something to exist or succeed
    • munificent: very generous
    • proponent: a person who argues for or supports something
    • stalwart: very loyal and dedicated; physically strong
    • sustenance: something that gives support, help, or strength ; someting that keeps someone/something alive
  5. Angry/Bad Mood
    bilious
    cantankerous
    dudgeon
    dyspeptic
    insense
    irascible
    livid
    ornery
    peevish
    pettish
    petulant
    pique
    querulous
    rancor
    splenetic
    testy
    umbrage
    waspish
    • bilious: feeling or causing nausea; angry or bad-tempered; very unpleasant to look at
    • cantankerous: often angry and annoyed, usually old person
    • dudgeon: in high dudgeon - feeling and usually showing that you are angry or offended
    • dyspeptic: suffering from pain caused by digestive problems; having a bad temper
    • fractious: causing trouble : hard to manage or control; full of anger and disagreement
    • insense: to make (someone) very angry
    • irascible: becoming angry very easily : having a bad temper
    • livid: very angry
    • ornery: easily annoyed or angered
    • peevish: feeling or showing irritation
    • pettish: Ill-tempered; peevish.
    • petulant: Unreasonably impatient, irritable or ill-tempered, esp. over petty things; peevish.
    • pique: a sudden feeling of annoyance or anger when someone has offended you
    • querulous: inclined to find fault; complaining
    • rancor: an angry feeling of hatred or dislike for someone who has treated you unfairly
    • splenetic: very angry and annoyed
    • testy: becoming angry or annoyed easily
    • umbrage: a feeling of being offended by what someone has said or done — take umbrage
    • waspish: easily annoyed
  6. Argumentative
    combative
    contentious
    contested
    pugnacious
    litigated
    • combative: having or showing a willingness to fight or argue
    • contentious: likely to cause people to argue or disagree
    • contested: to make (something) the subject of an argument or a legal case : to say that you do not agree with or accept (something)
    • pugnacious: showing a readiness or desire to fight or argue
    • litigated: to cause (a case, an issue, etc.) to be decided and settled in a court of law
  7. Beginner/Amateur
    apprentice
    dilettante
    fledgling
    greenhorn
    neophyte
    novitiate
    proselyte
    tenderfoot
    tyro
    • apprentice: a person who learns a job or skill by working for a fixed period of time for someone who is very good at that job or skill
    • dilettante: a person whose interest in an art or in an area of knowledge is not very deep or serious
    • fledgling: someone or something that is getting started in a new activity — usually used before another noun
    • greenhorn: a person who lacks experience and knowledge
    • neophyte: a person who has just started learning or doing something
    • novitiate: the period or state of being a novice; the time when a person is a religious novice
    • proselyte: A new convert to a doctrine or religion.
    • tenderfoot: someone who has just started doing something; a newcomer not yet hardened to rough outdoor life
    • tyro: a beginner in learning something
  8. Beginning/Young/Bring About
    beget
    burgeoning
    callow
    engender
    generate
    inchoate
    incipient
    nascent
    spawn
    • beget: to cause (something) to happen or exist
    • burgeoning: to grow or develop rapidly; expand; proliferate; flourish
    • callow: describes a young person who does not have much experience and does not know how to behave the way adults behave
    • engender: to be the source or cause of (something)
    • generate: to produce (something) or cause (something) to be produced
    • inchoate: not completely formed or developed yet
    • incipient: beginning to develop or exist
    • nascent: recently formed or developed
    • spawn: to cause (something) to develop or begin : to produce or create (something)
  9. Biting (in wit/temperatment)
    acerbic
    acidulous
    acrimonious
    asperity
    biting
    caustic
    incisive
    mordacious
    mordant
    pungent
    trenchant
    • acerbic: expressing harsh or sharp criticism in a clever way
    • acidulous: Slightly sour in taste or in manner
    • acrimonious: angry and bitter; characterized by bitterness or sharpness of manner, speech, temper, etc.
    • asperity: harshness of behavior or speech that expresses bitterness or anger
    • biting: having a sharply critical and often clever quality
    • caustic: very harsh and critical; cutting or sarcastic in utterance; biting
    • incisive: keen, penetrating, or acute; biting or sarcastic, mordant
    • mordacious: expressing or expressive of ridicule that wounds; caustic; biting ; sarcastic
    • mordant: expressing harsh criticism especially in a way that is funny
    • pungent: Penetrating, biting, or caustic; clever and direct; pungent satire.
    • trenchant: forceful, effective, and vigorous; keen, clear-cut, caustic, cutting: a trenchant argument.
  10. Boldly Rude
    audacious
    ballsy
    brash
    brazen
    effrontery
    gall
    impertinent
    impudent
    insolent
    presumptuous
    temerity
    • audacious: very confident and daring : very bold and surprising or shocking; invulnerable to fear or intimidation
    • ballsy: sometimes offensive : very tough or brave
    • bodacious: Audacious; gutsy.
    • brash: confident and aggressive in usually a rude or unpleasant way
    • brazen: acting or done in a very open and shocking way without shame or embarrassment
    • effrontery: a very confident attitude or way of behaving that is shocking or rude
    • gall: extreme confidence expressed in a way that is impolite
    • impertinent: rude and showing a lack of respect
    • impudent: failing to show proper respect and courtesy : very rude
    • insolent: rude or impolite : having or showing a lack of respect for other people
    • presumptuous: too confident especially in a way that is rude
    • temerity: the quality of being confident and unafraid of danger or punishment especially in a way that seems rude or foolish
  11. Brave
    audacious
    ballsy
    courageous
    dauntless
    hardy
    indomitable
    intrepid
    gallant
    plucky
    stouthearted
    valorous
    • audacious: very confident and daring : very bold and surprising or shocking; invulnerable to fear or intimidation
    • ballsy: very tough or brave
    • courageous: very brave : having or showing courage dauntless: very brave
    • hardy: strong and able to accept difficult or unpleasant conditions
    • indomitable: impossible to defeat or discourage
    • intrepid: feeling no fear : very bold or brave
    • gallant: showing courage : very brave
    • plucky: having or showing a lot of courage or determination
    • stouthearted: brave and determined
    • valorous
  12. Boring
    banal
    hackneyed
    humdrum
    insipid
    mundane
    pedestrian
    platitude
    prosaic
    prosy
    quotidian
    trite
    vapid
    workaday
    • banal: boring or ordinary : not interesting
    • hackneyed: not interesting, funny, etc., because of being used too often : not fresh or original
    • humdrum: not interesting : dull, boring, and ordinary
    • insipid: not interesting or exciting : dull or boring, bland
    • mundane: dull and ordinary
    • pedestrian: not interesting or unusual
    • platitude: a statement that expresses an idea that is not new
    • prosaic: Matter-of-fact; straightforward, lacking imagination and spirit, dull
    • prosy: matter-of-fact and dry; prosaic.
    • quotidian: everyday; commonplace:
    • trite: lacking power to evoke interest through overuse or repetition; hackneyed.
    • vapid: lacking liveliness, animation, or interest; dull
    • workaday: relating to or suited for working days; everyday; mundane, commonplace
  13. Bury the Dead
    crypt
    entomb
    inhume/inhumation
    inter/interred/interment
    mansoleum
    repository
    sepulcher/sepulture
    tomb
    • crypt: a cellar or vault or underground burial chamber
    • entomb: to place in or as if in a tomb or grave.
    • inhume: to place in a grave; bury
    • inter: to place in a grave or tomb; bury
    • mansoleum: a large burial chamber
    • repository: a burial vault (usually for a famour person)
    • sepulcher: a burial vault; a receptacle for sacred relics, especially in an altar.
    • tomb: a grave or other place of burial.
  14. Carousal (to carouse/carousing)
    bacchanalian/ bacchic/bacchanal
    bender
    debauchery
    dissipated
    dissolute
    intemperance
    jag
    orgiastic
    reprobate
    revelry
    • carousal: a riotous drinking party.
    • bacchanalian: a riotous, boisterous, or drunken festivity; a revel
    • bender: a spree, especially a drinking spree.
    • debauchery: extreme indulgence in sensual pleasures; dissipation; a wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity
    • dissipated: intemperate in the pursuit of pleasure; dissolute.
    • dissolute: lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices
    • intemperance: lack of temperance, as in the indulgence of an appetite or a passion; excessive use of alcoholic beverages.
    • jag: a bout of drinking or drug taking
    • orgiastic: arousing or causing unrestrained emotion; frenzied; riotously drunken merrymaking
    • reprobate: a person who behaves in a morally wrong way; drunken reprobates
    • revelry: unrestrained merrymaking
  15. Sexual Immorality
    concupiscient
    crapulence
    debauchery
    dissolute
    incontinent
    lascivious
    lecherous
    lewd
    libidinous
    licentious
    lubricious
    philanderer
    prurient
    randy
    ribald
    ruttish
    salacious
    scabrous
    unchaste
    voyeur
    wanton
    • concupiscent: a strong desire, especially sexual desire; lust.
    • crapulence: Sickness caused by excessive eating or drinking
    • debauchery: extreme indulgence in sensual pleasures;
    • dissolute: lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices
    • incontinent: lacking in restraint or control, esp sexually
    • lascivious: given to or expressing lust; lecherous
    • lecherous: having or showing an excessive or disgusting interest in sex
    • lewd: sexual in an offensive or rude way; lustful; obscene; indecent.
    • libidinous: having or exhibiting lustful desires; lascivious.
    • licentious: lacking moral discipline or ignoring legal restraint/accepted rules/standards, especially in sexual conduct.
    • lubricious: Lewd; wanton; characterized by lust; salacient
    • philanderer: a man who has sexual relations with many women and especially with women who are not his wife
    • prurient: Characterized by an inordinate interest in sex; arousing or appealing to an inordinate interest in sex
    • randy: sexually excited or aroused; of or characterized by frank, uninhibited sexuality.
    • ribald: referring to sex in a rude but amusing way; vulgar, lewd, licentious humour
    • ruttish: lustful; libidinous
    • salacious: having an excessive interest in sex; appealing to or stimulating sexual desire
    • scabrous: referring to sex in a rude or shocking way
    • unchaste: morally impure (esp. regarding sexual intercourse)
    • voyeur: a person who gets sexual pleasure from secretly watching other people have sex; likes seeing and talking or writing about something that is considered to be private
    • wanton: immoral or unchaste; lewd; licentious; undisciplined; spoiled
  16. Changing Quickly
    capricious
    desultory
    erratic
    fickle
    haphazard
    inconstancy
    mercurial
    mutability
    quicksilver
    vertiginous
    vicissitude
    volatile
    ~wanton
    • capricious: characterized by or liable to sudden unpredictable changes in attitude or behaviour; impulsive
    • desultory: no set plan; haphazard or random; moving or jumping from one thing to another; disconnected; eg. a disultory speech
    • erratic: irregular in performance, behaviour, or attitude; inconsistent and unpredictable
    • fickle: characterized by erratic changeableness or instability, especially with regard to affections or attachments; capricious
    • haphazard: dependent upon or characterized by mere chance; without care
    • inconstancy: the state or quality of being eccentrically variable or fickle
    • mercurial: used to describe someone who often changes from being happy to being angry or upset in a quick and unexpected way
    • mutability: able or likely to change often
    • quicksilver: rapid or unpredictable in movement or change: a quicksilver temper
    • Vertiginous: Inclined to change quickly; unstable; revolving or whirling, producing dizziness
    • vicissitude: the quality of being changeable; mutability; the many changes or problems that happen over time
    • volatile: ending to vary often or widely, as in price; ephemeral, fleeting, inconstant, fickle
    • ~wanton: showing no thought or care for the rights, feelings, or safety of others; not limited or controlled
  17. Copy
    ape
    counterpart
    emulate
    facsimile
    factitious
    paradigm
    precursor
    quintessence
    simulated
    vicarious
    • ape: often disapproving : to copy or imitate (something or someone)
    • counterpart: someone or something that has the same job or purpose as another; one of two parts that complement or correspond to each other
    • emulate: to strive to equal or excel, especially through imitation
    • facsimile: an exact copy or reproduction, as of a document.
    • factitious: Produced artificially rather than by a natural process; Lacking authenticity or genuineness; sham
    • paradigm: One that serves as a pattern or model that may be copied
    • precursor: something that comes before something else and that often leads to or influences its development
    • quintessence: the most important part of something; the perfect example of something; the purest or most typical instance
    • simulated: made in resemblance of or as a substitute for another
    • vicarious: felt or undergone as if one were taking part in the experience or feelings of another
  18. Criticism
    admonish
    aspersion
    castigate
    chastise
    chide
    contumely
    deride/derisive
    disrepute
    excoriate
    fulmination
    ignominy
    infamy
    inveigh
    lambaste
    objurgate
    obloquy
    rebuke
    reproach
    reprehend
    reprimand
    reprove
    scold
    upbraid
    • admonish: to reprove firmly but not harshly
    • aspersion: a disparaging or malicious remark; slanderous accusation
    • castigate: To inflict severe punishment on; To criticize severely
    • chastise: to criticize (someone) harshly for doing something wrong
    • chide: to express mild disapproval of (someone) : to scold (someone) gently
    • contumely: Rudeness or contempt arising from arrogance; insolence.
    • deride: to speak of or treat with contempt, mockery, or ridicule; scoff or jeer at
    • disrepute: state of not being respected or trusted by most people : a state of having a bad reputation
    • excoriate: to censure strongly; denounce
    • fulmination: To issue a thunderous verbal attack or denunciation
    • ignominy: a situation or event that causes you to feel ashamed or embarrassed
    • infamy: Evil fame or reputation; An evil or criminal act that is publicly known.
    • inveigh: to protest or complain about (something or someone) very strongly
    • lambaste: to criticize (someone or something) very harshly
    • objurgate: To scold or rebuke sharply; berate.
    • obloquy: harsh or critical statements about someone; the condition of someone who lost the respect of other people
    • rebuke: To criticize or reprove sharply; reprimand
    • reproach: expression of disapproval or disappointment; loss of reputation
    • reprehend: To reprove, censure; to find fault with
    • reprimand: To reprove severely, especially in a formal or official way; A severe, formal, or official rebuke or censure.
    • reprove: To voice or convey disapproval of; rebuke; to find fault with
    • scold: To reprimand or criticize harshly and usually angrily
    • upbraid: To reprove sharply; reproach
  19. Critical Disagreement
    contravene
    controvert
    gainsay
    impugn
    rebut
    repudiate
    repugn
    polemic
    remonstrate
    • contravene: To act or be counter to; violate; To oppose in argument; gainsay
    • controvert: To raise arguments against; voice opposition to
    • gainsay: to deny or disagree with (something) : to show or say that (something) is not true
    • impugn: to criticize (a person's character, intentions, etc.) by suggesting that someone is not honest and should not to be trusted; to challenge or attack as false; assail; criticize
    • rebut: To refute, especially by offering opposing evidence or arguments
    • repudiate: To reject the validity or authority of; To reject emphatically as unfounded, untrue, or unjust
    • repugn: To oppose or contend against
    • polemic: A controversial argument, especially one refuting or attacking a specific opinion or doctrine.
    • remonstrate: to disagree and argue or complain about something; To say or plead in protest, objection, or reproof
  20. Belittling Criticism
    belittle
    denigration
    deprecation
    depreciation
    derogation
    disparage
    disparagement
    • belittle: to consider or speak of (something) as less valuable or important than it really is; disparage; to cause to make small; dwarf
    • denigration: To attack the character or reputation of; speak ill of; defame.
    • deprecation: To express disapproval of; deplore; to belittle
    • depreciation: to decrease in value; an instance of disparaging or belittlement
    • derogation: to insult (someone or something) : to say or suggest that (something or someone) is not important or worthy of respect
    • disparage: to describe (someone or something) as unimportant, weak, bad
    • disparagement: To speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; belittle; to reduce in esteem or rank
  21. False Criticism
    calumny
    defamation
    libel
    traducement
    • calumny: A false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation
    • defamation: the act of saying false things in order to make people have a bad opinion of someone or something
    • libel: the act of publishing a false statement that causes people to have a bad opinion of someone
    • traducement: To cause humiliation or disgrace to by making malicious and false statements
  22. Public Criticism
    decry
    denounce
    lampoon
    opprobrium
    pillory
    • decry: to say publicly and forcefully that you regard (something) as bad, wrong, etc.
    • denounce: to publicly state that someone or something is bad or wrong : to criticize (someone or something) harshly and publicly
    • lampoon: to publicly criticize (someone or something) in a way that causes laughter : to mock or make fun of (someone or something)
    • opprobrium: very strong disapproval or criticism of a person or thing especially by a large number of people
    • pillory: To expose to ridicule and abuse; to publicly criticize (someone) in a very harsh way
  23. Critical Speeches
    berate
    diatribe
    harangue
    jeremiad
    philippic
    tirade
    • berate: To rebuke or scold angrily and at length
    • diatribe: an angry and usually long speech or piece of writing that strongly criticizes someone or something
    • harangue: a forceful or angry speech
    • jeremiad: A literary work or speech expressing a bitter lament or a righteous prophecy of doom
    • philippic: A verbal denunciation characterized by harsh, often insulting language; a tirade
    • tirade: long angry or violent speech, usually of a censorious or denunciatory nature; a diatribe
  24. Abusive Language
    billingsgate
    imprecation
    invective
    philippic
    revile
    scurrilous
    vituperate
    vitriol
    • billingsgate: foul, abusive, obscene language; coarse, vulgar, violent, or abusive language
    • imprecation: an offensive word or phrase that people say when they are angry; curse
    • invective: Denunciatory or abusive language; vituperation
    • philippic: A verbal denunciation characterized by harsh, often insulting language; a tirade
    • revile: To assail with abusive language; vituperate
    • scurrilous: Given to/expressed in vulgar, coarse, or abusive language; foul-mouthed
    • vituperate: To rebuke or criticize harshly or abusively; berate; to use harshly abusive language; rail
    • vitriol: Bitterly abusive feeling or expression
  25. Death/Mourning
    Bereave
    Cadaver
    Defunct
    Demise
    Dolorous
    Knell
    Lament
    Macabre
    Moribund
    Obsequies
    Sepulchral
    • Bereave: To leave desolate or alone, especially by death
    • Bereft: Lacking something needed or expected; Suffering the death of a loved one; bereaved
    • Cadaver: A dead body, especially one intended for dissection
    • Defunct: no longer existing or being used; no longer living; dead or extinct
    • Demise: The end of existence or activity; termination; death
    • Dolorous: Marked by or exhibiting sorrow, grief, or pain.
    • Knell: To ring slowly and solemnly, especially for a funeral; toll; To give forth a mournful or ominous sound
    • Lament: To express grief for or about; mourn; To grieve audibly; wail
    • Macabre: Suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome
    • Moribund: Approaching death; about to die; On the verge of becoming obsolete; stagnant; without force or vitality
    • Obsequies: A funeral rite or ceremony. Often used in the plural.
    • Sepulchral: Of or relating to a burial vault or a receptacle for sacred relics; Suggestive of the grave; funereal; gloomy
  26. Funereal Songs/Poems
    coronach
    dirge
    elegy
    requiem
    threnody
    • coronach: a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person
    • dirge: A funeral hymn or lament; slow, mournful musical composition
    • elegy: A poem or song composed especially as a lament for a deceased person
    • requiem: A mass for a deceased person; A musical composition for such a mass
    • threnody: A poem or song of mourning or lamentation
  27. Ghost
    apparition
    eidolon
    revenant
    spectre
    wraith
    • apparition: A ghostly figure; A sudden or unusual sight; an appearance, esp of a ghost or ghostlike figure
    • eidolon: A phantom; an apparition; An image of an ideal.
    • revenant: One that returns after a lengthy absence; One who returns after death
    • spectre: a ghost; phantom; apparition; a mental image of something unpleasant or menacing
    • wraith: An apparition of a living person (ghost) that appears as a portent just before that person's death

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