NCLEX alterations in body systems

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Author:
mmigue02
ID:
87582
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NCLEX alterations in body systems
Updated:
2011-05-24 20:20:20
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Alterations body systems
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Alterations in body systems
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  1. What is PKU?
    • phenylketonuria
    • alteration in protein metabolism
    • inborn error of phenylalanine utilization
    • HIGH BLOOD PHENYLALANINE THAT LEADS TO MENTAL RETARDATION
    • must give specialloy prepared milk substitutes for infants (Lofenalac)
    • LOW PROTEIN DIET FOR CHILDREN - NO MEATS, DIARY PRODUCTS, EGGS, or NUTRASWEET
  2. What is gout?
    • inborn error of purine metabolism
    • alteration in protein metabolism
    • HIGH URIC ACID LEVEL THAT LEADS TO PROGRESSIVE JOINT DETERIORATION
    • Give LOW-PURINE DIET (no fish or organ meats)
  3. What is celiac disease?
    • sprue
    • inborn error of wheat and rye metabolism
    • alteration in protein metabolism
    • INTESTINAL MALABSORPTION THAT LEADS TO MALNUTRITION
    • Diarrhea
    • Failure to thrive
    • GLUTEN-FREE DIET (no wheat, oats, rye, or barley)
  4. What conditions alter protein metabolism?
    • PKU
    • Gout
    • Celiac disease
    • Renal failure
    • Protein allergy
  5. What conditions alter fat metabolism?
    • Hepatobiliary disease
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Atherosclerosis
  6. What is hepatobiliary disease?
    • decreased bile leads to fat malabsorption
    • alteration in fat metabolism
    • LOW-FAT, HIGH-PROTEIN DIET
    • VITAMINS
  7. What is cystic fibrosis?
    • alteration in fat metabolism
    • absence of pancreatic enzymes leads to malabsorption of fat (and fat-soluble vitamins), weight loss
    • infection and lung disease lead to increased needs for calories and protein
    • GIVE PANCREATIC ENZYME REPLACEMENT (cotazym pancreas) BEFORE OR WITH MEALS
    • HIGH PROTEIN DIET
    • HIGH CALORIE DIET - in advance stages
  8. What is atherosclerosis?
    • Alteration in fat metabolism
    • Thickenin and hardenin of the arteries
    • Associated with high blood cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels
    • Risk factors - diet, high blood pressure, diabetes, stress, sedentnary lifestyle, and smoking
    • GIVE LOW-SATURATED FAT DIET
    • GIVE CHOLSTEROL-LOWERING AGENTS GIVEN BEFORE MEALS

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