US History ch20.txt
Card Set Information
US History ch20.txt
US History Chapter Changes
US History Chapter 20: Changes
Leader of the Vietnam overthrow of France
Ho Chi Minh
States that "If we allow Vietnam to fall to communism, all the other Indo-China countries will fall also."
Eisenhower's Domino Theory
Battle: Vietnamese forces vs. French
Dien Bien Phu: 55 days with 50k deaths.
Date the French surrender to Vietnamese forces
May 7, 1954
The victory at Dien Bien Phu freed these three countries:
Leader of North Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh
Leader of South Vietnam
Ngo Dinh Diem
US organization to support SV
SouthEast Asia Treaty Organization
SV organization against Diem
National Liberation Front
Our enemies in Vietnam
Our destroyer destroyed at the gulf of Tonkin
Date of the Gulf of Tonkin attack
Aug. 2, 1964
Allows president to commit troops to SV and fight war w/o congress declaring or okaying it
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Failed operation expected to destroy the NV forces with bombing
Operation Rolling Thunder
Two mantras of the Vietcong
"Fight like a tiger fighting an elephant"
"Don't strike unless you know you can win."
Vietcong's biggest two advantages
Amazing tunnel systems
Fighting on home turf
Three US hardships in Vietnam
disease (moist and humid area)
By 1968: how many US soldiers off to fight?
By 1968: how many US soldiers dead?
US group/party against the Vietnam war, wanting peace
US group/party pro-war (Vietnam)
Average age of US soldiers in Vietnam
Biggest centers of war opposition
Colleges and Universities
People group/class: Biggest supporters of the war
Difference between what the gov't says and what people are seeing on TV
General in charge of US troops in Vietnam
General William Westmoreland
Totally unexpected attack on US/SV troops. Vietcong easily infiltrated many big cities of SV.
Johnson: Rep. or Dem.?
Month MLKJ was assassinated
Democratic party's new frontrunner (after Johnson steps back)
Robert "Bobby" Kennedy
Site of Bobby Kennedy's assassination
Month Bobby Kennedy was assassinated
College protest where police attacked and beat students
1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago
Democratic party's new frontrunner (after Kennedy2 was assassinated)
Democratic party split in the 1968 election between these two candidates
Hubert Humphrey and George Wallace
Republican candidate for 1968 election
Democratic candidate for 1968 election
Winner of the 1968 election
Nixon was known as a "magician" because...
He'd tell the public one thing to distract them from something bigger.
to turn the Vietnam war into N Vietnam v. S Vietnam (get us out of it)
with trying to end the Vietnam war
Peace with Honor
Nixon secretly ordered a bombing of this place to slow NV supplies
Ho Chi Minh Trail
While promising the people he was getting us out of the war, Nixon ordered attacks in this country, claiming they were supplying NV
Date of the Kent State protest (Ohio)
May 4, 1970
Kent State protest: The Story?
Students were protesting the war, OH nat'l guard called in to contain them, and ended up firing bullets.
Kent State protest: results
In 13 seconds, 67 rounds were fired.
4 students were killed
9 students wounded
(one of which became paralyzed)
Jackson State University results (Mississippi)
Two college students killed.
Year Mylai info was released
Date of the Mylai incident
March 16. 1968
Mylai incident: The Story?
US soldiers massacred the Vietnam town of Mylai searching to kill the disguised Vietcong members
Mylai incident: results
500 people killed, including men, women, children, even babies--through torture, mutilation, stabbing...
Pentagon Papers: what newspaper got the info?
New York Times
Pentagon Papers: what is discovered?
Gov't has been lying.
- manipulating numbers
- doing stuff without telling us
- lying about how a family's soldier died
- delaying letters and tellling of deaths
Results of the Vietnam War: US soldiers killed
Restricts the president's ability to send us to war: he must okay it with Congress.
War Powers Act of 1973
Nixon's foreign policy: what are the two groups of people in the world?
Do things in the nation's best intrest, not in the ideology of spreading democracy
National Security advisor under Nixon; suggests that w should make friends of China and Soviet Union
How do we open the door of friendship with China?
Ping Pong tournament
Chinese Primier who has dinner with Nixon
Reasons we want to have China as a friend (2)
We want open trade
To weaken their relationship with SU
Soviet Union leader who has a meeting with Nixon
SALT1: stands for?
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
SALT1: what does it do/what is it? (3 parts)
(With Soviet Union...)
its a major step to ending the nuclear arms race
we start trying to prevent pollution
we create a joint space program