Vocal performance-2.txt

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Author:
squishy
ID:
8764
Filename:
Vocal performance-2.txt
Updated:
2010-03-01 23:31:08
Tags:
vocal performance
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Description:
midterm exam
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  1. Things that work well when speaking, public reading
    • Eye contact
    • Vocal variety
    • Obvious familiarity and comfort with material
    • Read clearly
    • Give life and interest to piece
  2. 3 systems of breath/voice
    • Respiration
    • Phonation
    • Resonance
  3. Respiration system
    Chest. Breathing
  4. Phonation system
    Throat. Act of producing vibration/ souns
  5. Resonance system
    Head. Act of manipulating sound
  6. 4 things that manipulate sound
    • Jaw
    • Tongue
    • Lips
    • Soft palette
  7. 4 body parts that work together for breathing
    • Lungs
    • Diaphragm
    • Ribs&muscles
    • Abdominal muscles
  8. What happens when the Ribs and diaphragm expand the lungs?
    • Thy create a vaccum for air flowing in
    • Diaphragm flattens when contracted
    • External intercostal contract up and out
  9. Keeping ribs open does what?
    • Helps control and prolong exhalation.
    • *the diaphragm and ab muscles help*
  10. As speakers we tend to focus on movemet of breathing...?
    Abdomin
  11. Difference between Speaking and singing
    You sustain sounds more in singing
  12. Resonance is...?
    The manipulation of the source sound
  13. 3 types of enemies of the voice
    • Enviroment
    • Physical
    • Psychological
  14. 4 environmental enemies
    • Air quality
    • Humility level
    • Noise
    • Speaker-listener distance
  15. Air quality
    • Dust. Dust mites
    • Smog
    • Cigarette smoke
    • Indoor air quality. Dust from cloth, dust mites, off-gassing
  16. Humidity levels
    • Mold and spore
    • AC / heat removes moisture
    • Too dry
    • 40% - 50% is ideal
  17. Noise
    • You subconsciously speak like the sounds you are around
    • Causes hearing problems
    • Body will match sounds
    • Speaking "over" noise
  18. Physical enemies
    • Aging
    • Illness
    • Medications
    • Fatigue
    • Fear
    • Hormonal changes
    • Hydration
    • Misuse
    • Clinching/grinding teeth
    • Recreational drugs
  19. Aging
    • Puberty
    • Overall pitch
    • Rate of speech
  20. Illness
    • Allergies
    • Infections
    • Cancers
    • Acid reflux
    • Indirectly, any & all diseases
  21. Medications
    • Antihistamins dry you out
    • Diuretics (inc caffeine) dry you out everything!!
  22. Aspirin
    Blood thinner so if you hurt your vocal cords they bleed more making them thicker
  23. Topical pain killers (sprays)
    Cant feel if you are hurting
  24. Fatigue
    MAJOR RISK OF DAMAGE
  25. Fear
    Tension
  26. Hormonal changes
    • (can be a subset of aging or illness)
    • Puberty
    • Menopause or andropause
    • Hyper/hypo funtion of glands
  27. Hydration
    • Caffine
    • Lack of intake of water
  28. Misuse
    • Yelling, screaming
    • Straining (diff dialects are more straining)
    • Lots of whispering
    • Fatigue
    • Nodes or nodules ("calus" on vocal cords)
  29. Clinching / grinding teeth
    • Often when sleeping
    • Overdevelops muscles
    • Wears down teeth
  30. Recreational drugs
    • Anything smoked
    • Most drugs affect voice mechanism
    • Actions that damage (bc youre not thinking)
    • Includes alcohol
  31. Psychological
    • Poor vocal use
    • Poor feedback
    • Contolling ones environment
    • Self image
    • Self protection (hiding or self-aggrandizing)
  32. Vocal sounds are created where?
    In the larynx
  33. 3 layers of vocal cords
    • Muscle (vocalis muscles)
    • Ligament
    • Covering tissues
  34. Pitch is controlled by...?
    Pitch is controlled by 2 of the intrinsic muscles working against each other
  35. Glottis = ?
    The negative space between vocal folds
  36. Adduction
    Adduction is Closing folds
  37. Abduction
    Abduction is opening folds

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