Card Set Information
Things that work well when speaking, public reading
Obvious familiarity and comfort with material
Give life and interest to piece
3 systems of breath/voice
Throat. Act of producing vibration/ souns
Head. Act of manipulating sound
4 things that manipulate sound
4 body parts that work together for breathing
What happens when the Ribs and diaphragm expand the lungs?
Thy create a vaccum for air flowing in
Diaphragm flattens when contracted
External intercostal contract up and out
Keeping ribs open does what?
Helps control and prolong exhalation.
*the diaphragm and ab muscles help*
As speakers we tend to focus on movemet of breathing...?
Difference between Speaking and singing
You sustain sounds more in singing
The manipulation of the source sound
3 types of enemies of the voice
4 environmental enemies
Dust. Dust mites
Indoor air quality. Dust from cloth, dust mites, off-gassing
Mold and spore
AC / heat removes moisture
40% - 50% is ideal
You subconsciously speak like the sounds you are around
Causes hearing problems
Body will match sounds
Speaking "over" noise
Rate of speech
Indirectly, any & all diseases
Antihistamins dry you out
Diuretics (inc caffeine) dry you out everything!!
Blood thinner so if you hurt your vocal cords they bleed more making them thicker
Topical pain killers (sprays)
Cant feel if you are hurting
MAJOR RISK OF DAMAGE
(can be a subset of aging or illness)
Menopause or andropause
Hyper/hypo funtion of glands
Lack of intake of water
Straining (diff dialects are more straining)
Lots of whispering
Nodes or nodules ("calus" on vocal cords)
Clinching / grinding teeth
Often when sleeping
Wears down teeth
Most drugs affect voice mechanism
Actions that damage (bc youre not thinking)
Poor vocal use
Contolling ones environment
Self protection (hiding or self-aggrandizing)
Vocal sounds are created where?
In the larynx
3 layers of vocal cords
Muscle (vocalis muscles)
Pitch is controlled by...?
Pitch is controlled by 2 of the intrinsic muscles working against each other
Glottis = ?
The negative space between vocal folds
Adduction is Closing folds
Abduction is opening folds