140 million people in population and 12,123,455 were still serving
During 1939-1945 per capita income does what?
When there were no consumer goods to buy, what did Americans do?
They started saving all their money
How much money had people saved by 1939 versus 1945?
1939: $2.6 billion saved
1945: 29.6 billion saved
true or false: there were enough homes for the people demanding
Traditionally, homes were built with wood, stone, and brick. But during the war there were shortages and their substitute was?
Aluminum and vinyl siding on homes
Where did people shop?
This place catered to people who were driving to shop and was not located in the center of town in Kansas City.
Country Club Plaza (1924)
Automobiles, before war?
Car crazy, but only one per family.
Automobiles, after war?
Necessary to have more than one car, two was the rule
Not enough highways=?
Long distance travel?
Trains(Union Station D.C.)
Airlines(Delta, United, TWA): expensive way to travel
Every one had one in the house(more people had this than indoor plumbing), and portable ones come into play eventually. Popular stations: WSB, National Station, KAAY.
Radio was used for what?
Comedy, News, Drama, Songs, and Horror
True or False: During 1945, 85 million movie tickets sold weekly
clothing during this time?
Natural fibers: wool, cotton, silk
Formal attire everywhere they went
Leisure suit: bright colored suits, cheap
Long distance was very expensive, dial operated and the numbers were designed to where the person lived in the city with letters.
During this time, it was heavy and rich. It was also better bigger and more convenient.
True or false: fast food and tv dinners took off in the 1950s.
During this time, people were forming habits. This one everyone did it, cartoons, in theaters, and churches.
Upper class drank?
Real americans drank?
In college, there lockdowns and curfews for who?
First Modern Domestic Goddess
They became disillusioned that they would ever gain rights and after WWII, it was not the time for them to gain more rights.
Old age pension process
True or False: Poor people were not self-sufficient
Neutrality, Disarmament, Isolation
What happened when veterans came home and their families?
Men go to school and sometimes brought their wives and children, while women supported them and raised their family.
Infrastructure, housing(non-existent), consumer goods(want them as fast as they can get them), School systems(inadequate), Strong natural optimism, 1950s (tried to solve these problems)
15 Years of Depression and War
How many WWII, vets served?
16,354,000 total served
Was the GI Bill of Rights. They were given many options such as got funding for education. 7.8 million vets chose education, 2.2 million vets went to college, the rest went to tech schools
Servicemen's Readjustment Act (1944)
December 1945, built in large numbers.
suburbs, 16.1 million new homes during this time.
Who designed the Dymaxion House?
Who designed the Usonian House?
Frank Llyold Wright
Who perfected and popularized subdivisions?
William and Alfred Levitt
Where did the Levitts go in order to get away from city limits and codes?
How fast could the Levitts build houses?
1 house every 15 minutes, 174777 homes for 40,000 people
how much did the average family earn?
How much did the average two bedroom house?
urban poverty when the white are moving away
"herd minder", one of the great novelists of the 20th century
Who wrote The Organization Man?
William H. Whyte
the "Mass Man", Who wrote The Lonely Crowd?
What was it called during the 1950's when 8,000,000 more children than they had expected were born?
When 40% of the teaching profession was gone, how many emergency teaching certificates did they give out?
In 1950, the average teaching salary was $3000, what was it raised to in 1960 to attract labor?
What did they start doing when learning through experience was no longer working?
Memorization, reading, writing, and arithmetic
In 1957, what satellite was launched by the Soviet Union?
What was it called when they weren't teaching students well enough?
This set up federal program in which schools were given money to set up better math andd science programs.
1958 National Defense Education Act
Thought to be linked to communism and was considered a "deep illness"
Didn't correctly contribute to society because they didn't have kids were called what?
What happened in January 1960 in Greensboro?
When students at an agriculture school started talking about getting involved and decided they want to desegregate the lunch counter at FW Woolworth. They started "sit ins"
Who were the first 2 African americans to integrate UGA?
Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
In Fall of 1962, Who was the 1st African American admitted to Ole Miss?
Who was the governor of Mississippi that was a supporter of segregation?
Ross Barnett "roll with Ross"
who was the first 2 African Americans to enroll in the University of Alabama in 1963?
Vivian Malone and James Hood
Who encouraged the federal gov't to use force, supported segregation, and was the governor of AL?
Who was Bull Conner?
Police Chief in Birmingham, AL in 1963
What did Bull Conner do in the Birmingham Marches in 1963?
He used police dogs and fire hoses to break up the march.
When was JFK assassination?
Was passed in the name of JFK, it eliminated public segregation.
1964 Civil Rights Act
Peaceful march(that resulted in violent resistance) on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in 1965 in Selma, AL because blacks were having trouble trying to register because they were being targets by the white people. It is known as?
Extremely radical person fighting for rights who used violence to get what he wanted. (NYC)
Thought white power structure is enemy and believed in killing the enemy. Very radicalized organization known as the...?
Worked alongside other organizations of the civil rights movement, compromised of young black and white people, and they became radical.
Student Nonviolence Coordinating Committee(SNCC)
What did SNCC, Malcolm X, and the Black Panthers all believe in?
Was a Black Panther who later became a barbecue man
In 1960, what percentage of families own homes, cars, and at least one tv?
In 1950-60, Gnp was up by what percentage?
The U.S. was what percentage of the world's population?
This man represented a change in younger generation and a great hope as well as he was committed to defending the U.S.
Was associated to the Kennedy administration
Cuban military was waiting on Americans coming to shore that led to lots of bloodshed
April 15th, 1961, Bay of Pigs
Soviet Union came to the military aid assistance for this country and set up nuclear war heads on this island. Used diplomacy and would prevent ships from docking in this country, made Soviet Union get their nuclear war head off the island. It ended in this country backing down.
Cuban Missile Crisis (October 1962)
Barrier that divided a country from the east to the west in August 1961.
Vice President of Kennedy, who was from Massachusetts and was Catholic.
Lyndon B. Johnson
What fought against the war on poverty?
Welfare, social security, Medicare, Medicaid, Federal Home Administration, Education, Integration, Job Training, Head Start.
Build low cost housing for the middle class. Helped fight against the war on poverty.
Federal Home Administration (FHA)
medical benefits for people in need
medical benefits for old people
Federal funds for pre-k and kindergarten. helped fight against the war on poverty.
A letter sent out on how to fix society about concerns about the future, bomb, bureaucracy, curriculum, and civil liberties.
Port Huron Statement
Student Organization from the University of Michigan that sent out the Port Huron Statement.
Students for a Democratic Society(SDS)
Founding member of the SDS that married Jane Fonda.
Name given to groups that became radicalized
In 1965, rioting for 6 days over a CA misdealing with a black guy that signified more violence across the nation.