Psych Chpt 15

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mking_nu
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87741
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Psych Chpt 15
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2011-05-25 16:46:21
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Exam 3 Treatment of Disorders
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  1. treatment based on medical approaches to illness and disease'ex: drug treatment, shock treatment
    biological therapy
  2. early biological treatment,
    -drill holes into the skull to release evil spirits
    trepanning
  3. psychologist who advocated for physcial and perceptual restraints
    -like covering a cage when a bird gets upset
    Rush
  4. won the Nobel Prize for his technique of frontal lobatomy
    -->uses icepick like instrument to sever frontal lobe
    Moniz
  5. practice of severing parts of the brain to treat disorders
    casues lethargy
    -advocated for not just for violent patients but also, depressed people, hyperactive children, etc
    over 50,000 in US alone
    Lobatomy
  6. a procedure used to treat depressioin; involves administering a strong electrical current to the patient's brain
    -works but we don't know why
    -can cause temporary memory loss
    -used in the treatment of depression that has been resistent to other treatments
    Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
  7. procedure used in depression treatment, has less side effects than ECT
    -uses pulses to disrupt function of certain brain regions
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
  8. implanting electrodes in brain to stimulate brain activity trhough electric currents
    -like a pace maker for the brain
    -successful in treatment of Parkinson's, maybe OCD (DBS of caudate)
    Deep Brain Stimulation
  9. class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other disorders that involve psychosis
    -take 2 weeks to work
    -aka neuroleptics
    Antipsychotic Drugs
  10. antipsychotic, blocks dopamine (dopamine antagonist), decreases positive symptoms
    -can lead to pseudoParkinson's and tardive dyskinesia
    -causes less hallucogenic responses
    Haloperidol
  11. antipsychotic
    -treats postiive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia
    -affects dopamine and other neurotransmitters
    -no motor tics, but risk of seizure, cardiovascular or immune problems
    Clozapine
  12. involuntary twitching
    -possible side effect of Haloperidol
    Tardive Dyskinesia
  13. class of psychotropic medications used for treatment of anxiety
    -work instantaneously
    ex: Valium and Xanex
    -can be addictive
    antianxiety drugs
  14. examples of antianxiety drugs which enhance GABA to produce tranquilizing effect
    -can be addictive
    Valium, Xanex
  15. class of psychotropic drugs used to treat depression
    work in 3-4 weeks
    Antidepressants
  16. increase time norepinephrine, dopamine and seratonin in system--> blocks the enzyme that usually breaks them down
    -type of antidepressant
    -cannot ingest tyramine (wine, cheese)
    MAO Inhibitors
  17. type of antidepressant-
    slows reuptake at serotonin receptors
    -does not have the same side effects as MAOs
    ex: Prozac
    • SSRIs
    • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
  18. a mood stabalizer used in treating bipolar disorder
    -generally works on manic side
    -causes thirst, memory problems, hand tremors
    -effective but there is often non-compliance into patients due to side effects
    -works in 4-6 days
    Lithium
  19. verbal interactions between terapist and client designed to enhance self-knowledge and produce psychologial change
    insight therapy
  20. technique used by Freud, including free association and dream analysis
    -the therapist is seen as having all the answers- does interpreting
    -not effective for mental disorders or even self-knowledge
    psychoanalysis
  21. an empathic approach to therapy, it encourages personal growth through greater self-understanding
    -used by Rogers
    -the therapist reflects back on what client is saying
    -client has the answers--> therapist there to support
    -useful for temporary stresses/coping, but not mental disorders
    client-centered therapy
  22. treatment based on the idea that distorted thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions
    goal: to lead to rational thoughts and perceptions of self and problems
    -used by Beck and Ellis
    -clients and the therapist share the responsibility
    cognitive therapy
  23. treatment style that wants to gently change, therapist warm and non-confrontational
    -->they give hw assignments
    -->gently prod patient into thinking rationally
    cognitive
  24. treatment style in which the therapist confronts irrational beliefs
    --> not gentle
    Rational/Emotive
  25. type of therapy which focuses on behavior symptoms-->not thoughts that lead to them
    **assume all behavior can be learned and unlearned
    behavioral therapy
  26. type of therapy which reduces phobias/anxiety through progressive counter-conditioning
    1) anxiety heirarchy 2) relaxation techniques
    3)associate things with relaxation--> step up heirarchy
    **affective for simple phobias
    systematic desensitization
  27. behaviro therapy in which you face the fear--> will break the exagerated terro
    -you will get over the terror
    -can be used with antianxiety drugs
    -sometimes used to treat OCD
    flooding
  28. reduces troublesome behavior through aversive conditioning ex: shock or nausea
    effective for: smoking, alcoholism, gambling, overeating, severe cases of autism (controversial)
    difficult to do on one's own
    aversion therapy
  29. therapy that relies on learning to enhance social skills, assertiveness, communication skills, etc
    --> uses models to try to mimic the behavior
    -->rewarded for correct behavior
    -used for schizophrenia for social skills and self-care
    -also for social phobia, marriage counseling, social anxiety
    Observational Training
  30. focus on pleasure/enjoyment, avoiding pain
    hedonic
  31. focus on growth/meaning
    eudamonic
  32. has a PhD or PsyD
    work in academic or hospital settings
    design and analysis of research and use of treatment
    clinical psychologist
  33. have a medical degree MD
    work in hospitals or private practice
    -only group legally authorized to perscribe drugs
    psychiatrist
  34. PHD
    works in shcools/college (counseling)
    adjustment to life--> not focused on mental illness
    -ex: anxiety, sleep disorder, learning disorders, family issues etc
    counseling psychologist
  35. masters in social work MSW
    work in psychiatric hospitals or make house calls
    help get resources for clients, work with patients
    psychiatric social worker
  36. bachelor's in Nursing (BSN)
    work in hospitals or treatment centers
    psychiatric nurses
  37. have limited advanced training, have a supervisor
    work in outreach programs, residential treatment cetners
    assist in challenges of daily living
    paraprofessionals
  38. a form of therapy used to treat boderline personality disorder
    1)target extreme behaviors (ex:suicide)
    2) explore past traumatic experiences that may be root of problem
    3) develop self-respect and independence
    Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  39. a difficult personality disorder to treat
    -often the patient tries to manipulate the therapist
    antisocial disorder
  40. percursors to antisocial disorder
    conduct disorder

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