EMT Interim Test 1

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readyreg29
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87807
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EMT Interim Test 1
Updated:
2011-06-21 09:56:41
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EMT Interim Test
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EMT Study Prep
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  1. The area inside the mouth joining the nasal passageways and the throat
    Pharynx
  2. Another word for breathing
    Respiration
  3. A blue or gray skin color resulting from lack of oxygen in the body
    Cyanosis
  4. Signs of inadequate breathing in children:
    • Cyanotic skin, lips, tongue, or earlobes
    • Retractions between the ribs
    • Nasal flaring
  5. Inadequate breathing in a child is defined as:
    • Less that 15 breaths per minute
    • More than 30 breaths per minute
  6. When at rest, the normal adequate breathing rate for an adult
    12 to 20 times per minute
  7. Cyanosis can be checked by observing the patient's
    • Tongue
    • Nail beds
    • Earlobes
  8. The very first step to aid a patient who is not breathing is to:
    Open the airway
  9. What is the importance of mechanism of injury to airway care?
    • The procedure for opening the patient's airway:
    • Head tilt chin lift
    • Jaw Trust (trauma)
  10. When performing the jaw thrust maneuver, the EMT-B should:
    • Kneel at the top of the patient's head
    • Stabilize the patient's head with forearms
    • Use the index fingers to push the angles of the patient's lower jaw forward
  11. When inserting a nasopharyngeal airway, lubricate the outside of the tube with:
    Water-based lubricate
  12. Never suction for longer than:
    15 seconds at a time
  13. The oxygen concentration of a nonrebreather mask is between
    80% and 100%
  14. The flow rate of a nonrebreather mask should be:
    • 12 to 15 liters per minute
    • 80 - 100% concentration
  15. The oxygen concentration of a nasal cannula is between
    • 24% and 44%
    • 1 - 6 liters per minute
  16. Artificial ventilations in order of preference
    • Mouth to mask w/oxygen (15LPM)
    • 2 person rescuer BVM w/ high flow oxygen (15LPM)
    • Flow restricted oxygen powered ventilation device
    • 1 rescuer BVM
  17. Adequate breathing normal rates:
    • Adults: 12 to 20
    • Child: 15 to 30
    • Infants: 25 to 50
  18. What should your first action be when treating a patient with rapid respirations
    Assess the regularity & quaility of breathing
  19. For a ner drowning victim you should manage the patient's airway while considering the possibility of
    Spinal injury
  20. A soft tissue injury that results in a flap of torn skin is referred to as
    An avulsion
  21. Hemoptysis is:
    Coughing up blood, suggest injury to or bleeding within the lungs
  22. The most reliable method of determining the effectiveness of chest compressions is to
    Palpate for a carotid or femoral pulse
  23. The primary pacemaker that sets the inherent rate for the heart
    Sinoatrial node (SA)
  24. Once an adult loses approximately how much blood their condition is considered serious
    Liter
  25. Once an child loses approximately how much blood their condition is considered serious
    500ml
  26. Once an infant loses approximately how much blood their condition is considered serious
    150cc
  27. Blood that oozes and is dark red is most likely from a
    Capillary
  28. Blood that is a steady flow of dark red or maroon is
    Venous
  29. The cranium consist of:
    • Forehead
    • Top
    • Back
    • Upper sides
  30. The lumbar area of the spine includes how many vertebrae
    5
  31. A bacterial disease which causes serious illness, severe diarrhea, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and rice water stool
    Cholera
  32. When bruising of the brain occurs on the side of the injury, this is referred to as a
    Coup injury
  33. A collection of blood within the skull or the brain is called a ___________ hematoma
    • Subdural
    • Epidural
    • Intracerebral
  34. The blood pressure and pulse for a patient with a brain injury
    Increased BP, decreased pulse
  35. Deep lacerations or severe bruises to the scalp or forehead notes the possibilty of a
    Cranial fracture
  36. Often with a cervical-spine injury, the patient in a supine position may have his arms
    streched out above his head
  37. An unstable object impaled in the cheek wall should be:
    Pulled out if easily done; to minimize the potential for bleeding into the airway
  38. An object impaled in the eye should be
    Stabilized with gauze and protected with a disposable cup
  39. The most reliable sign of spinal cord injury in a conscious patient is:
    Paralysis of extremities
  40. A patient in acute abdominal distress without vomiting should be transported?
    Face up with knees bent to relieve pressure on the abdominal muscles
  41. A fracture to the proximal end of the humerous is best cared for by immobilizing with a(n)
    Sling and swathe
  42. The first step in immobilizing a fractured wrist with a distal pulse is to:
    Place the broken hand in its position of function
  43. The best method for immobilizing a suspected ankle fracture
    Pillow splint
  44. A sprain is an injury in which
    Ligaments are torn
  45. Muscles are attached to bone by
    Tendons
  46. Superficial burns covering more than 50% of the body surface are considered
    Moderate burns
  47. Partial thickness burns involve the
    Epidermis and Dermis and cause swelling & blistering
  48. Acid burns to the eyes should be flooded with water for at least
    20 minutes
  49. Artificial ventilations for an infant or child under 8
    20 per minute
  50. Common causes of shock in children include
    • Infections
    • Trauma
    • Blood loss
    • Dehyradtion

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