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Definition - killing of a human with malice of forethought.
- Malice of forethought can be established in four ways:
- (1) intent to kill
- (2) intent to inflict serious bodily injury
- (3) intent to commit a dangerous felony (felony-murder rule)
- (4) depraved heart murder - covers an unintentional killing that results from the defendant's reckless conduct
Felony Murder Rule
Covers unintentional killing that results from the commission or attempted-commission of a serious or inherently dangerous felony
Satisfies the malice of forethought requirement for murder
All participants in the felony-murder are responsible
Only limitation is that it has to be a serious or inherently dangerous felony, which can be remembered with the acronym BARRK: Burglary, Arson, Robbery, Rape & Kidnapping
felon is only liable for the deaths he or his accomplices cause (agency theory of liability)
e.g. felons are not liable for people killed by the police
(1) voluntary - intentional killing in the heat of passion (defendant acts with adequate provocation)
(2) involuntary - unintentional killing that results from the defendant's criminally negligent conduct
(3) misdemeanor manslaughter - death that occurs as the result of an assault or battery
Harmful or offensive contact with the person of another
The trespassery taking and carrying away of the personal property of another with the specific intent to steal
- Note: trespassery means w/o consent
- Note: the carrying away requirement is frequently referred to as the asportation requirement
Larceny by Trick
The Taking and carrying away of the personal property of another with the specific intent to steal and the taking is achieved by lies, deceit or false statement
Misappropriation of the property of another by one who is in rightful possession of the propery
Accomplice is someone that assists the principal before or during the commission of a crime with the intent that the crime be committed.
This applies to any crime.
Absent a statute (though there are statutes in most jurisdictions), mere knowledge that a crime might result from a sale of ordinary goods at ordinary prices is insufficient to estabblish accomplice liability.
Defendant obtains title to property by means of lies, deceit or false statement
Differs from larceny by trick by virtue of teh fact that the dfendant obtained title.
Cash transfers qualify without respect to the title limitation. For the purpose of the MBE, cash is always object in question.
The breaking and entering into the dwelling house of another at night with the specific intent to comit a larceny or a felony
This is commonly defined by statute to include theft from facilities other than a dwelling house.
Person is privileged to use reasonable force in self-defense when threatened with bodily injury or harm
Justified Use of Deadly Force
Priviliged to use deadly force in self-defense when faced with imminent, serious bodily injury or death
The threat of serious bodily harm appears to apply to police as well.
- Insanity Defense - 3 elements:
- (1) disease of the mind that;
- (2) caused a defect of reason;
- (3) which left the defendant at the time of his actions lacking the ability to either (a) know the wrongfulness of his actions; or (b) understand the nature and quality of his actions.
Intoxication is a defense to a specific intent crime
- Note: Attempt is a specific intent crime
- Note: if you form your intent to commit teh crime first, but then intoxicate yourself to "work up the nerve," the intoxication defense won't work.
Duress is a defense to every crime except murder
Each person who takes part in the planning of a crime is guilty of conspiracy
Withdrawal - so long as the conspirator effectively communicates the withdrawal to his coconspirators, he is not guilty of any crime that occurs after the withdrawal.
Note - A defendant can be guilty of conspiracy even if he withdrew from the plan before the crime is executed
The malicious burning of the dwelling-house of another
Malicious = intent to burn the dwelling OR reckless disregard for whether it would result
Note - arson allows you to use two mental states: intent or reckless disregard
- Two elements:
- (1) a specific intent to commit the target offense; and
- (2) a substantial step in furtherance of that intent
Note - any time you have an Attempt-charge, specific intent is always required
, even if the underlying crime has a looser mental state, such as arson
Note - transferred intent does not apply to Attempt-crimes