Antibiotics

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Author:
camaya85
ID:
87911
Filename:
Antibiotics
Updated:
2011-05-31 22:32:04
Tags:
Medications
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Description:
Antibiotics
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  1. General info
    • super-infection (b/c kill good and bad bacteria)
    • organ toxicity (liver***Kidney***)
    • Teaching: take until is gone
    • encourage fluids b/c kidney
    • check expiration date b/c they some can become toxic after
  2. AMINOGLYCOSIDES
    • * Mycin/ or cin
    • * side effects: Ototoxicity, Nephotoxicity***
    • (mice have ears and ears look like kidneys)
    • *Nursing: 8th cranial nerve (hearing), renal funtion, take for 7-10days, encourage fluids 3000 per day.
  3. CEPHALOSPORINS
    • ***Cef / Ceph
    • Side effects: bone marrow depression, superinfection, rash, and increases risk for bleeding
    • Nursing: ***take with food***
    • cross allergy with penicillins***
    • avoid alcohol, obtain culture and sencitivity before first dose
    • ***can give false positive protiutia and glucose in the urine***
  4. FLUOROQUINOLONES
    • ***Floxacin
    • can be use for inhalation of anthrax
    • Side effects: decreases WBCs and hematocrit
    • Increases live emzymes and alkaline phosphatase
    • Nursing: encourage fluids, C&S before staring, and take 1h ac (before) / or 2 h pc (after) meals.
    • ***antacids/ Iron prep interfere with action***
    • ***Ciprofloxacin can be give with provenicet (goat med) // help cipro act better***
  5. MACROLIDE
    • ***Thromycin
    • Use: ance, before dental procedures if allergic to PNC
    • Side effects: confusion, hepotoxicity, superinfection
    • Nursing: take 1h ac or 2h pc / monitor liver
    • ***take with full glass of water / not juice
    • ***increases affectivenes of coumadin and thiatolin
  6. PENICILLINS
    • ***Cillin
    • Uses: severe infections, lyme disease
    • Side effects: stomatitis, allergic reactions, diarrhea, renal and hepatic changes.
    • Nursing: check for hypersensitivity, give 1-2h ac or 2-3h pc
    • ***Allergy Cephalosporins***
    • ***liver and kidney function
  7. SULFONAMIDES
    • ***Sulf
    • Uses: crohn's disease, UTIs
    • Side effects: peripheral neuropathy***
    • cystalliuria***
    • photosensitivity***GI upset, and stomatitis
    • Nursing: encourage fluids
    • take with meals or food***
    • Good mouth care***
    • ***antacids interfere with this antibiotic.
  8. TETRACYCLINES
    • ***Cyclines
    • Uses: acne, prophylaxis for opthalmia neonatorum (babies / newborn eyes)
    • Side effects: discoluration of primary teeth if taking during pregnacy, glossitis, rash, phototoxic reactions
    • Nursing: take 1h ac or 2-3h pc
    • Do Not take with antacids, milk, iron (b/c lower the abssortion)
    • ***Note expiration date (toxic= tetracycline)
    • monitor renal function
    • avoid sunlight***

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